Colney Hatch

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Colney Hatch
Colney Hatch is located in Greater London
Colney Hatch
Colney Hatch
Location within Greater London
OS grid referenceTQ278918
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtN11, N10
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
EU ParliamentLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°36′38″N 0°09′21″W / 51.61054°N 0.15575°W / 51.61054; -0.15575Coordinates: 51°36′38″N 0°09′21″W / 51.61054°N 0.15575°W / 51.61054; -0.15575
Middlesex County Lunatic Asylum at Colney Hatch[1]

Colney Hatch (/ˈkni/) is the historical name for a small district within the London Borough of Barnet in London, England. Colney Hatch refers to a loosely defined area centred on the northern end of Colney Hatch Lane (B550), which connects Friern Barnet with Muswell Hill, crossing the North Circular Road. The area is predominantly residential with a mixture of Victorian and Edwardian houses and much more recent development.

Etymology[edit]

The name Colney Hatch was originally that of a hamlet in the parish of Friern (once spelt Fryern) Barnet, first recorded in the early 15th century.[2]

The name hatch may derive from hitch-gate, often found on the borders of forests to prevent cattle straying. Colney Hatch at one time marked the southern boundary of the royal hunting ground Enfield Chase.[3]

History[edit]

The area became well known from the mid-19th century following the building of Colney Hatch Lunatic Asylum, which gained such notoriety that the name "Colney Hatch" appeared in various terms of abuse associated with the concept of madness.

It forms the meeting point between the London Borough of Barnet and the London Borough of Haringey, and stretches over the border into Colney Hatch Park in the old borough of Southgate. When various places, such as the mental hospital itself, changed their name, the borough of Southgate decided that nothing in the borough should be called Colney Hatch and changed the name of Colney Hatch Park to New Southgate, an area which crosses the boroughs and corresponds approximately to the N11 postcode district. Colney Hatch includes the location of the former Colney Hatch Lunatic Asylum on Friern Barnet Road, opened in 1851. The asylum eventually became known as Friern Hospital and was closed down in 1993. The extensive grounds on which Friern Hospital and Halliwick Hospital (its sister institution for day patients) stood have since been redeveloped as two housing estates, Princess Park Manor and Friern Village.

Nearby is New Southgate railway station, originally called Colney Hatch but renamed several times from the mid-19th century onwards, taking its present name on the electrification of the line in 1976.[4]

Geography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Laing, C. D.; Daukes, Samuel Whitfield. "Middlesex County Lunatic Asylum, Colney Hatch, Southgate, Middlesex: bird's eye view with detailed floor plan and key. Wood engraving by Laing after Daukes". Catalogue.wellcomelibrary.org. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Pocket Histories: Finchley N10 Colney Hatch". London Borough of Barnet website. 13 February 2008. Archived from the original on 9 February 2010. Retrieved 26 February 2009.
  3. ^ "Notes & Queries for Somerset and Dorset". Retrieved 21 January 2019 – via Internet Archive.
  4. ^ "New Southgate: A History". London Borough of Enfield. 30 December 2005. Archived from the original on 3 February 2008. Retrieved 26 February 2009.

Media related to Colney Hatch at Wikimedia Commons