Colochirus robustus

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Colochirus robustus
Sea cucumber yellow komodo.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order: Dendrochirotida
Family: Cucumariidae
Genus: Colochirus
Species: C. robustus
Binomial name
Colochirus robustus
Östergren, 1898 [1]
Synonyms
  • C. luteus Sluiter, 1901
  • C. robustoides Ekman, 1918
  • C. squamatus Sluiter, 1901

Colochirus robustus, commonly known as the robust sea cucumber or the yellow sea cucumber, is a species of sea cucumber in the family Cucumariidae. It is found in shallow seas in tropical parts of the central Indo-Pacific region.

C. robustus near Komodo, Indonesia

Description[edit]

Colochirus robustus is roughly cylindrical with 5 shallow longitudinal ribs and grows to about 7 centimetres (2.8 in) in length. It has an angular appearance and finger-like or thorn-like protuberances on the ribs. At the anterior end is a ring of about eight large, feathery feeding tentacles. There is a slight transverse indentation near the rounded posterior end. There are three rows of tube feet on the underside. The colour is a vivid yellow, sometimes with grey between the ridges.

Distribution[edit]

Colochirus robustus is found in the tropical waters of the central Indo-Pacific region at depths down to about 25 metres (82 ft). Its range includes the Philippines and Indonesia.[2]

Biology[edit]

Colochirus robustus is usually found on rocks and reefs in places with moderate to rapid water flow. It clings to the substrate with its tube feet, spreading its feathery tentacles to catch zooplankton and other organic particles as they float past. The tentacles are then retracted to the mouth where the food particles are scraped off.[3]

Colochirus robustus can reproduce both sexually and asexually. In the latter case, fission can take place with a transverse crack developing halfway along the body and gradually widening until the two halves split apart. The posterior end then grows a new anus while the anterior end develops a mouth and new tentacles.[4]

Uses[edit]

Colochirus robustus is sometimes kept in reef aquaria because of its distinctive appearance. It is only recommended for experts however as it may release toxins into the water if stressed and has specialised feeding requirements.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paulay, Gustav (2010). "Colochirus robustus Östergren, 1898". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2012-02-11. 
  2. ^ Robust Sea Cucumber(Colochirus robustus) Marine Species Gallery. Retrieved 2012-02-11.
  3. ^ Colochirus robustus DiveGaller. Retrieved 2012-02-11.
  4. ^ FAQs about Sea Cucumbers 2 Wet Web Media. Retrieved 2012-02-12.
  5. ^ Yellow Sea Cucumber Aquariumdomain.com. Retrieved 2012-02-11.