Cologne Bonn Airport

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Cologne Bonn Airport
Flughafen Köln/Bonn
Koln Bonn Airport.png
Koeln-Bonn-Airport14.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Flughafen Köln/Bonn GmbH
Serves Cologne and Bonn
Location Cologne, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 302 ft / 92 m
Coordinates 50°51′57″N 007°08′34″E / 50.86583°N 7.14278°E / 50.86583; 7.14278Coordinates: 50°51′57″N 007°08′34″E / 50.86583°N 7.14278°E / 50.86583; 7.14278
Website koeln-bonn-airport.de
Map
EDDK is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
EDDK
EDDK
Location of airport
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 2,459 8,068 Concrete/Asphalt
14L/32R 3,815 12,516 Asphalt
14R/32L 1,863 6,112 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 11,910,138
Passenger change 15-16 Increase15.2%
Aircraft movements 136.905
Movements change 15-16 Increase6.4%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, ADV[1]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Cologne Bonn Airport (German: Flughafen Köln/Bonn, also known as Flughafen Köln-Wahn) (IATA: CGNICAO: EDDK) is the international airport of Germany's fourth-largest city Cologne, and also serves Bonn, capital of the former West Germany. With around 10.3 million passengers passing through it in 2015, it is the seventh-largest passenger airport in Germany and the third-largest in terms of cargo operations. By traffic units, which combines cargo and passengers, the airport is in fifth position in Germany.[3] As of March 2015, Cologne Bonn Airport had services to 115 passenger destinations in 35 countries.[4] It is named after Konrad Adenauer, the first post-war Chancellor of West Germany.

The airport is located in the district of Porz and is surrounded by the Wahner Heide nature reserve. The airport is centrally located in the Cologne/Bonn Region 14.8 km (9.2 mi) southeast of Cologne city centre[2] and 16 km (9.9 mi) northeast of Bonn. Cologne Bonn Airport is one of the country's few 24-hour airports and serves as a hub for Eurowings and Germanwings, FedEx Express and UPS Airlines. It is also a host of the German and European space agencies DLR and EAC, part of ESA, which train astronauts there for space explorations.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

In 1913 the first plane took off from the Wahner Heide military training area on an artillery reconnaissance flight. In 1939 an airfield was built for the German Luftwaffe.

After World War II the British military took over and expanded the airport. A 1,866 m runway was built in this period. In 1951 the airport was opened for civilian air traffic, superseding the former Cologne Butzweilerhof Airport.

During the 1950s and 1960s two additional runways and a new passenger terminal were constructed. On 1 November 1970 a Boeing 747 took off for New York City from the airport for the first time.

Cologne Bonn Airport was chosen by United Parcel Service (UPS) in 1986 as the location for their European hub.

In the late 1990s the airport started an expansion program. Several new parking lots and a second terminal were built, and in 2004 a new long-distance railway station was opened. The airport is jointly owned by the City of Cologne (31.12%), the Federal Republic of Germany (30.94%), the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (30.94%), the City of Bonn (6.06%) and two counties (0.94%).[5]

Development in the 2000s[edit]

Coinciding with the start of several low-cost airlines in Germany, Cologne/Bonn opened new capacities. This enabled the airport to make competitive offers to the airlines. Consequently, Germanwings and TUIfly started operations from Cologne/Bonn as their hub in the fall of 2002. As a result, the number of passengers in 2003 rose by 43% compared to 2002. These airlines were joined by easyJet in late 2003 and Wizz Air in June 2006.

Also, the Canadian Forces began to use the airport as a staging area to move troops and supplies in support of humanitarian missions and possible anti-terrorism roles.[6]

In 2006 the Brazilian airline BRA provided a twice a week connection to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, which was discontinued in April 2007 due to problems with the airline. Also in 2006 a daily transatlantic flight to New Jersey's Newark Liberty International Airport by Continental Airlines was established, operating with a Boeing 757-200. This route was discontinued on 4 September 2008 due to a reduction in passenger numbers.[7]

Low-cost carriers Ryanair and Norwegian Air Shuttle began service to Cologne/Bonn in May 2012. In April 2014 Ryanair announced the opening of their fifth German base at Cologne/Bonn Airport for October 2014.[8]

In December 2014, Lufthansa announced to base Eurowings' new long-haul operations at Cologne Bonn Airport with flights to Florida, Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean to start by the end of 2015.[9] Meanwhile, Condor cancelled their service to Varadero after only one season due to the expected competition.[10]

In June 2015 the airport received the ACI EUROPE Best Airport Award in the category of those handling 5 to 10 million passengers.[11]

Facilities[edit]

Terminal overview; Terminal 1 is on the left with the connecting hall between both main piers still under construction, Terminal 2 on the right

Cologne Bonn Airport has two passenger terminals which are located directly beside each other:

Terminal 1[edit]

The older Terminal 1 is a 1970s building that sports large surfaces of bare concrete in its design. It features a u-shaped main building with shops, restaurants, check-in and service facilities and a visitors deck on its roof as well as the star-shaped piers B and C with five aircraft stands each plus a central airside hall between them added in 2004 with joint security-check facilities, more shops and restaurants as well as three additional stands. All ten stands at both piers feature jet bridges while the other three use walk-boarding. Also several bus-boarding stands are available at the apron. Terminal 1 is used by Eurowings and Germanwings which occupy most of the landside check-in facilities, Lufthansa and Austrian Airlines.[12] Terminal 1 features its own direct connection to the railway station.

Terminal 2[edit]

Construction of Terminal 2 began in June 1997, and operations at the terminal commenced on 21 June 2000. It is located to the north of Terminal 1. Both feature separate check-in facilities but are connected through a landside walkway. As part of a plan-approval procedure the airport is currently seeking approval for building an airside connection between both terminals. Terminal 2 is a modern-style rectangular building made out of glass and steel which is equipped with eight stands with jet bridges as well as several stands for bus-boarding. It is used by several airlines such as Air Berlin, Ryanair, KLM and Iran Air.[12] Terminal 2 is also directly connected to the airports' railway station via the basement level. The terminal hosts an interdenominational prayer room on its base level.[13]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Cologne Bonn Airport:[14]

Airlines Destinations
Air Arabia Maroc Agadir (begins 2 October 2017),[15] Nador
Air Berlin Berlin–Tegel, Munich
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Varna
AtlasGlobal Seasonal: Antalya, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
Blue Air Bucharest, Iași
Condor Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca (begins 1 November 2017)
Seasonal charter: Dubai-Al Maktoum
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya
Ellinair Seasonal: Thessaloniki
Eurowings Dresden, Funchal, Hamburg, Milan–Malpensa, Prague
Eurowings
operated by Air Berlin
Dublin, Leipzig/Halle
Seasonal: Edinburgh
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Barcelona, Bari, Berlin–Tegel, Bologna, Budapest, Catania, Dresden, Dublin, Edinburgh, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Klagenfurt, Larnaca, Leipzig/Halle, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, London–Stansted, Manchester, Marrakesh, Milan–Malpensa, Nador, Naples, Nice, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Prague, Pristina, Rome–Fiumicino, Salzburg, Sarajevo, Split, Thessaloniki, Tunis, Venice, Vienna, Zagreb, Zürich
Seasonal: Antalya, Athens, Bastia, Bodrum, Brindisi, Cagliari, Calvi, Casablanca, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Faro, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Izmir, Jerez de la Frontera, Kavala, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Menorca, Mykonos, Olbia, Pisa, Pula, Reykjavík–Keflávik, Rhodes, Rijeka, Santorini, Stockholm–Arlanda, Sylt, Tangier, Tenerife–South, Tirana, Varna (begins 18 July 2017), Verona, Zadar, Zakynthos (begins 6 May 2017)[16]
Eurowings
operated by SunExpress Deutschland
Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Cancún, Havana, Las Vegas (begins 3 July 2017),[17] Mauritius, Miami, Montego Bay (begins 3 July 2017),[18] Orlando (begins 8 July 2017),[19] Phuket (ends 29 April 2017), Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Varadero, Windhoek–Hosea Kutako (begins 12 July 2017)[20]
Seasonal: Cape Town (begins 6 November 2017),[21] Seattle/Tacoma (begins 11 July 2017)[22]
Seasonal charter: Barbados, La Romana, Montego Bay (ends 2 July 2017), Santo Domingo
Flybe
operated by Stobart Air
London–Southend (begins 1 May 2017)[23]
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Lufthansa Munich
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich
Niki Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Ibiza, Málaga, Malta, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife–South
Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Air International
Alicante, Gran Canaria, Málaga, Tenerife–South
Nouvelair Seasonal: Djerba, Enfidha
Onur Air Seasonal: Antalya, Kayseri (begins 6 July 2017)[24]
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Adana, Antalya, Izmir
Pobeda Moscow–Vnukovo
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Berlin–Schönefeld, Bologna (begins 28 October 2017),[25] Bristol (begins 28 October 2017),[25] Copenhagen, Dublin, Gran Canaria, London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Manchester (begins 28 October 2017),[25] Marrakesh (begins 30 October 2017),[26] Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Riga, Rome–Ciampino, Seville (begins 2 November 2017),[25] Sofia, Tenerife–South, Treviso (begins 28 October 2017),[25] Valencia, Vilnius (begins 28 October 2017),[25] Vitoria (begins 30 October 2017),[27] Warsaw-Modlin
Seasonal: Corfu, Faro
SkyWork Airlines Bern
Small Planet Airlines (Germany) Charter: Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife–South
SunExpress Antalya, Izmir
Seasonal: Ordu-Giresun (begins 20 June 2017)[28]
SunExpress Deutschland Adana, Agadir, Ankara, Antalya, Bodrum, Fuerteventura, Gaziantep, Gazipasa, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Izmir, Kayseri, Lanzarote, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca, Sharm el-Sheikh, Trabzon
Seasonal: Burgas (begins 3 May 2017),[29] Dalaman, Fuerteventura, Paphos, Rhodes, Varna
Seasonal charter: Nador
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
TAP Portugal
operated by TAP Express
Lisbon (resumes 15 July 2017)[30]
TUI fly Deutschland Antalya, Boa Vista, Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Menorca, Sal, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Adana, Dalaman, Heraklion, Hurghada, Kos, Palma de Mallorca, Nador, Rhodes, Samsun, Sundsvall, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Wizz Air Cluj-Napoca, Craiova, Gdańsk, Katowice, Košice (begins 25 June 2017),[31] Kiev–Zhuliany, Skopje, Sofia (ends 20 May 2017),[32] Tuzla

Cargo[edit]

Cologne Bonn Airport is a major cargo hub in the world mainly due to its function as a hub for FedEx Express and UPS Airlines.

Airlines Destinations
ATRAN Moscow–Vnukovo
Cargojet Brussels, Halifax, Hamilton
EgyptAir Cargo Cairo
FedEx Express Athens, Memphis, Munich, Shanghai–Pudong, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
FedEx Feeder
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
Paris–Charles de Gaulle
MNG Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk, Leipzig/Halle, Paris–Charles de Gaulle[33]
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk, London–Luton[34]
UPS Airlines Almaty, Ancona, Barcelona, Budapest, Chicago–O'Hare, Dubai–International, East Midlands, Helsinki, Hong Kong, London–Stansted, Louisville, Madrid, Malmö, Moscow–Vnukovo, Mumbai, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Philadelphia, Rome–Ciampino, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Singapore, Stockholm–Arlanda, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Valencia, Venice, Vienna, Warsaw–Chopin
UPS Airlines
operated by Bluebird Cargo
Cork, Edinburgh, Reykjavík–Keflávik
UPS Airlines
operated by ASL Airlines Switzerland
Basel/Mulhouse, Bucharest, Cardiff, Geneva, Katowice, Ljubljana, Prague, Sofia, Timisoara, Zagreb
UPS Airlines
operated by MNG Airlines
Istanbul–Atatürk
UPS Airlines
operated by Star Air
Dublin, Bergamo, East Midlands, Lyon, Marseille, Munich, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Porto
West Air Sweden Berlin–Schönefeld

Statistics[edit]

Passengers and freight[edit]

Main building of Terminal 1
Exterior of Terminal 2
Airside area at Terminal 2
Main cargo ramp
Passengers Movements Freight (in t)
2000 6,291,739 138,434 423,641
2001 Decrease 5,705,819 Decrease 134,950 Increase 443,040
2002 Decrease 5,375,126 Decrease 125,307 Increase 494,331
2003 Increase 7,758,655 Increase 139,872 Increase 518,493
2004 Increase 8,332,961 Decrease 136,927 Increase 605,069
2005 Increase 9,452,185 Increase 140,775 Increase 636,887
2006 Increase 9,904,236 Decrease 139,096 Increase 685,563
2007 Increase 10,471,657 Decrease 138,837 Increase 704,649
2008 Decrease 10,342,931 Decrease 128,713 Decrease 578,161
2009 Decrease 9,739,581 Decrease 120,675 Decrease 552,363
2010 Increase 9,849,779 Increase 121,011 Increase 656,120
2011 Decrease 9,623,398 Decrease 117,715 Increase 742,372
2012 Decrease 9,280,070 Increase 125,335 Increase 751,183
2013 Decrease 9,077,346 Decrease 120,385 Decrease 739,569
2014 Increase 9,450,493 Increase 123,241 Increase 754,356
2015 Increase 10,338,375 Increase 128,616 Increase 757,717
2016 Increase 11,910,138 Increase 136,905 Increase 786,407
Source: ADV German Airports Association[35]

Route statistics[edit]

Busiest routes (2014)
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Germany Berlin, Germany 1,321,095
2 Germany Munich, Germany 1,003,612
3 Spain Palma de Mallorca, Spain 839,771
4 Turkey Antalya, Turkey 525,206
5 United Kingdom London (all airports), United Kingdom 483,514
6 Turkey Istanbul (all airports), Turkey 480,491
7 Germany Hamburg, Germany 399,152
8 Austria Vienna, Austria 268,592
9 Switzerland Zürich, Switzerland 220,978
10 Spain Gran Canaria, Spain 153,417
Source: Airport Traffic Statistics[36]

Ground transportation[edit]

Train[edit]

An ICE 3 high-speed train arriving at Cologne/Bonn Airport station

Cologne/Bonn Airport station is a 4-track railway station on a loop off the Cologne–Frankfurt high-speed line that connects Cologne Bonn Airport to long-distance trains at least once an hour per direction, most of them ICE services. The station lies directly across both terminals under a large glass roof and features direct connections to the basement of Terminal 2 as well as the check-in area at Terminal 1-C. The S-Bahn line S13 as well as regional train line RE8 also stop here and continue to Cologne and Bonn.[37] Regional Express line RE6 connects the airport station with Düsseldorf Main Station, via Cologne Main Station and Neuss Main Station with an hourly frequency.

Car[edit]

The airport has its own exit (named Flughafen) on motorway A59 which links it to the city centres of Cologne and Bonn as well as the Ruhrgebiet.[37]

Bus[edit]

Local bus lines also connect the airport with Cologne (route 161) and Bonn (route SB60).[37] On 28 October 2015, a new coach terminal opened and is used for remote bus services to other German cities and many other European countries.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • There have been two similar severe security breaches at the airport in March and May 2016.[38] In March 2016, an off-duty police officer entered the airside area in Terminal 2 after bypassing the security screening. In May 2016, a tourist entered the Terminal 1 airside area without clearing security as well. In both cases, the Terminal had to be shut down until the intruder was found which severely disrupted flight operations.[38]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.adv.aero/fileadmin/pdf/statistiken/2016/12.2016_ADV-Monatsstatistik.pdf
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic - Error Page". Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  3. ^ http://www.adv.aero/fileadmin/pdf/statistiken/2015/11.2015_ADV-Monatsstatistik.pdf
  4. ^ "Sommerflugplan 2015: Sieben neue Ziele ab Flughafen Köln/Bonn". airliners.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "Unternehmensführung der Flughafen Köln/Bonn GmbH". Koeln-bonn-airport.de. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  6. ^ Steven Chase. "MacKay secures German staging base for post-Afghan missions". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  7. ^ Continental.com
  8. ^ "Ryanair eröffnet zum Winter Basis am Flughafen Köln-Bonn". airliners.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  9. ^ UBM Information Ltd. 2015 (3 December 2014). "Eurowings to Launch Long-Haul from Cologne under Lufthansa 'Wings' Project". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  10. ^ "Billigflüge: Köln im Zentrum der Schlacht - aeroTELEGRAPH". aeroTELEGRAPH. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  11. ^ https://www.aci-europe.org/component/downloads/downloads/4343.html
  12. ^ a b "Orientierung am Airport, Wegweiser Köln Bonn Airport". Koeln-bonn-airport.de. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  13. ^ http://architizer.com/projects/prayer-room-airport-cologne-bonn/
  14. ^ "Flight Destinations, Travel Destinations - Cologne Bonn Airport". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  15. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/272211/air-arabia-maroc-launches-agadir-base-from-oct-2017/
  16. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/268885/eurowings-adds-new-routes-to-cyprusgreece-in-s17/
  17. ^ "Eurowings releases summer flight schedule for 2017". Incentive Travel & Corporate Meetings. 5 September 2016. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  18. ^ https://www.eurowings.com/en/booking/offers/flights-from/DE/CGN/to/JM/MBJ/2017-7.html
  19. ^ [1]
  20. ^ https://www.eurowings.com/en/booking/offers/flights-from/DE/CGN/to/NA/WDH/2017-7.html
  21. ^ https://www.eurowings.com/en/booking/offers/flights-from/ZA/CPT/to/DE/CGN.html
  22. ^ [2]
  23. ^ http://www.flybe.com
  24. ^ "Onur Air schedules Kayseri seasonal routes in 3Q17 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 26 January 2017. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f "Ryanair W17 new routes as of 05MAR17". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  26. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/271685/ryanair-w17-new-routes-as-of-05mar17/
  27. ^ "Ryanair route map". Ryanair. Retrieved 9 April 2017. 
  28. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/271655/sunexpress-schedules-german-routes-from-ordu-giresun-in-s17/
  29. ^ Fin tur i fint terreng. Normalt er det trakket løype. Skjøytespor og et klassisk spor på siden
  30. ^ "TAP Portugal nimmt Köln-Bonn ins Programm auf". Airliners.de. 17 February 2017. Retrieved 17 February 2017. 
  31. ^ https://spectator.sme.sk/c/20499813/kosice-airport-now-offers-direct-flights-to-cologne.html
  32. ^ https://wizzair.com/en-gb/information-and-services/destinations/timetable#/SOF/CGN/0/0/2017-05/2017-05
  33. ^ "MNG AIRLINES - SERVICES". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  34. ^ "Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule" (PDF). wwwdownload.thy.com. 
  35. ^ "German Airport Statistics (German)". 
  36. ^ "Luftverkehr auf Hauptverkehrsflughäfen (German)". Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  37. ^ a b c "Anreise mit dem PKW". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  38. ^ a b aerotelegraph.com - "Chaos at Cologne Airport Terminal 1" 31 May 2016

External links[edit]

Media related to Cologne Bonn Airport at Wikimedia Commons