Cologne Bonn Airport
|Cologne Bonn Airport
|IATA: CGN – ICAO: EDDK|
|Operator||Flughafen Köln/Bonn GmbH|
|Serves||Cologne and Bonn|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||302 ft / 92 m|
Cologne Bonn Airport (German: Flughafen Köln/Bonn, also known as Flughafen Köln-Wahn) (IATA: CGN, ICAO: EDDK) is the international airport of Germany's fourth largest city, Cologne and also serves the former German capital, Bonn. With around 10.3 million passengers passing through it in 2015, it is the seventh largest passenger airport in Germany and the third largest in terms of cargo operations. By traffic units, which combines cargo and passengers, the airport is in fifth position in Germany. As of March 2015, Cologne Bonn Airport features 115 passenger destinations in 35 countries. It is christened after Konrad Adenauer, the first post-war Chancellor of Germany.
The airport is located in the district of Porz and is surrounded by the Wahner Heide nature reserve. The airport is centrally located in the Cologne/Bonn Region 14.8 km (9.2 mi) southeast of Cologne city centre and 16 km (9.9 mi) northeast of Bonn. Cologne Bonn Airport is one of the country's few 24-hour airports and serves as a hub for Eurowings and Germanwings, FedEx Express and UPS Airlines. It also is a host of the German and European space agencies DLR and EAC, part of ESA, which train astronauts there for space explorations.
- 1 History
- 2 Facilities
- 3 Airlines and destinations
- 4 Statistics
- 5 Ground transportation
- 6 Incidents and accidents
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
In 1913 the first plane took off from the Wahner Heide military training area on an artillery reconnaissance flight. In 1939 an airfield was built for the German Luftwaffe.
After World War II the British military took over and expanded the airport. A 1,866 m runway was built in this period. In 1951 the airport was opened for civilian air traffic, superseding the former Cologne Butzweilerhof Airport.
In 1986, Cologne Bonn Airport was chosen by United Parcel Service (UPS) as the location for their European hub.
In the late 1990s the Airport started an expansion program. Several new parking lots and a second terminal were built, and in 2004 a new long-distance railway station was opened. The airport is jointly owned by the City of Cologne (31.12%), the Federal Republic of Germany (30.94%), the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (30.94%), the City of Bonn (6.06%) and two counties (0.94%).
Development in the 2000s
Coinciding with the start of several low-cost airlines in Germany, Cologne/Bonn opened new capacities. This enabled the airport to make competitive offers to the airlines. Consequently, Germanwings and TUIfly started operations from Cologne/Bonn as their hub in the fall of 2002. As a result, the number of passengers in 2003 rose by 43% compared to 2002. These airlines were joined by easyJet in late 2003 and Wizz Air in June 2006.
In 2006 the Brazilian airline BRA provided a twice a week connection to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, which was discontinued in April 2007 due to problems with the airline. Also in 2006 a daily transatlantic flight to New Jersey's Newark Liberty International Airport by Continental Airlines was established, operating with a Boeing 757-200. This route was discontinued on 4 September 2008 due to a reduction in passenger numbers.
Low-cost carriers Ryanair and Norwegian Air Shuttle began service to Cologne/Bonn in May 2012. In April 2014 Ryanair announced the opening of their fifth German base at Cologne/Bonn Airport for October 2014.
In December 2014, Lufthansa announced to base Eurowings' new long-haul operations at Cologne Bonn Airport with flights to Florida, Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean to start by the end of 2015. Meanwhile, Condor cancelled their service to Varadero after only one season due to the expected competition.
Cologne Bonn Airport has two passenger terminals which are located directly beside each other:
The older Terminal 1 is a building from the 1970s which spots large surfaces of bare concrete in its design. It features a u-shaped main building with shops, restaurants, check-in and service facilities and a visitors deck on its roof as well as the star-shaped piers B and C with five aircraft stands each plus a central airside hall between them added in 2004 with joint security-check facilities, more shops and restaurants as well as three additional stands. All ten stands at both piers feature jet bridges while the other three use walk-boarding. Also several bus-boarding stands are available at the apron. Terminal 1 is used by Eurowings and Germanwings which occupy most of the landside check-in facilities, Lufthansa and Austrian Airlines. Terminal 1 features its own direct connection to the railway station.
Construction of Terminal 2 started in June 1997 and operations at the terminal commenced on 21 June 2000. Terminal 2 is located to the north of Terminal 1. Both feature separate check-in facilities but are connected through a landside walkway. As part of a plan-approval procedure the airport is currently seeking approval for building an airside connection between both terminals. Terminal 2 is a modern-style rectangular building made out of glass and steel which is equipped with eight stands with jet bridges as well as several stands for bus-boarding. It is used by several airlines such as Air Berlin, Ryanair, KLM and Iran Air. Terminal 2 is also directly connected to the airports' railway station via the basement level. The terminal hosts an interdenominational prayer room on its base level.
Airlines and destinations
The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Cologne Bonn Airport:
Passengers and freight
|Passengers||Movements||Freight (in t)|
|Source: ADV German Airports Association|
|1||Berlin, Germany||1,321,095||Air Berlin, Germanwings|
|2||Munich, Germany||1,003,612||Air Berlin, Lufthansa|
|3||Palma de Mallorca, Spain||839,771||Air Berlin, Condor, Germanwings, Ryanair, TUIfly|
|4||Antalya, Turkey||525,206||Air Berlin, Atlasjet, Condor, Germanwings, SunExpress, TUIfly|
|5||London (all airports), United Kingdom||483,514||easyJet, Germanwings, Ryanair|
|6||Istanbul (all airports), Turkey||480,491||Germanwings, Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines|
|8||Vienna, Austria||268,592||Austrian Airlines, Germanwings|
|10||Gran Canaria, Spain||153,417||Air Berlin, Germanwings, TUIfly|
|Source: Airport Traffic Statistics|
Cologne/Bonn Airport station is a 4-track railway station on a loop off the Cologne–Frankfurt high-speed line that connects Cologne Bonn Airport to long-distance trains at least once an hour per direction, most of them ICE services. The station lies directly across both terminals under a large glass roof and features direct connections to the basement of Terminal 2 as well as the check-in area at Terminal 1-C. The S-Bahn line S13 as well as regional train line RE8 also stop here and continue to Cologne and Bonn. Regional Express line RE6a connects the airport station with Düsseldorf Main Station, via Cologne Main Station and Neuss Main Station with an hourly frequency.
Local bus lines also connect the airport with Cologne (route 161) and Bonn (route SB60). On 28 October 2015, a new coach terminal opened and is used for remote bus services to other German cities and many other European countries.
Incidents and accidents
- There have been two similar severe security breaches at the airport in March and May 2016. In March 2016, an off-duty police officer entered the airside area in Terminal 2 after bypassing the security screening. In May 2016, a tourist entered the Terminal 1 airside area without clearing security as well. In both cases, the Terminal had to be shut down until the intruder was found which severely disrupted flight operations.
- "EAD Basic - Error Page". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- "Sommerflugplan 2015: Sieben neue Ziele ab Flughafen Köln/Bonn". airliners.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- "Unternehmensführung der Flughafen Köln/Bonn GmbH". Koeln-bonn-airport.de. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- Steven Chase. "MacKay secures German staging base for post-Afghan missions". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Ryanair eröffnet zum Winter Basis am Flughafen Köln-Bonn". airliners.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- UBM Information Ltd. 2015 (3 December 2014). "Eurowings to Launch Long-Haul from Cologne under Lufthansa ‘Wings’ Project". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- "Billigflüge: Köln im Zentrum der Schlacht - aeroTELEGRAPH". aeroTELEGRAPH. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- "Orientierung am Airport, Wegweiser Köln Bonn Airport". Koeln-bonn-airport.de. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Flight Destinations, Travel Destinations - Cologne Bonn Airport". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- Eurowings Revises US Launch in S16. Airline Route. 9 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
- Eurowings Mit FTI nonstop nach Salalah (German). FTI Touristik announcement. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
- "MNG AIRLINES - SERVICES". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- "Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule" (PDF). wwwdownload.thy.com.
- "German Airport Statistics (German)".
- "Luftverkehr auf Hauptverkehrsflughäfen (German)". Retrieved 22 November 2015.
- "Anreise mit dem PKW". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- aerotelegraph.com - "Chaos at Cologne Airport Terminal 1" 31 May 2016
Media related to Cologne Bonn Airport at Wikimedia Commons