Cologne Bonn Airport

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Cologne Bonn Airport
Flughafen Köln/Bonn
Koln Bonn Airport.png
Airport type Public
Operator Flughafen Köln/Bonn GmbH
Serves Cologne and Bonn
Location Cologne, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 302 ft / 92 m
Coordinates 50°51′57″N 007°08′34″E / 50.86583°N 7.14278°E / 50.86583; 7.14278Coordinates: 50°51′57″N 007°08′34″E / 50.86583°N 7.14278°E / 50.86583; 7.14278
EDDK is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Location of airport
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 2,459 8,068 Concrete/Asphalt
14L/32R 3,815 12,516 Asphalt
14R/32L 1,863 6,112 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Passengers 10,338,375
Passenger change 14-15 Increase9.4%
Aircraft movements 128.616
Movements change 14-15 Increase4.4%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, ADV[1]

Cologne Bonn Airport (German: Flughafen Köln/Bonn, also known as Flughafen Köln-Wahn) (IATA: CGNICAO: EDDK) is the international airport of Germany's fourth largest city, Cologne and also serves the former German capital, Bonn. With around 10.3 million passengers passing through it in 2015, it is the seventh largest passenger airport in Germany and the third largest in terms of cargo operations. By traffic units, which combines cargo and passengers, the airport is in fifth position in Germany.[3] As of March 2015, Cologne Bonn Airport features 115 passenger destinations in 35 countries.[4] It is christened after Konrad Adenauer, the first post-war Chancellor of Germany.

The airport is located in the district of Porz and is surrounded by the Wahner Heide nature reserve. The airport is centrally located in the Cologne/Bonn Region 14.8 km (9.2 mi) southeast of Cologne city centre[2] and 16 km (9.9 mi) northeast of Bonn. Cologne Bonn Airport is one of the country's few 24-hour airports and serves as a hub for Eurowings and Germanwings, FedEx Express and UPS Airlines. It also is a host of the German and European space agencies DLR and EAC, part of ESA, which train astronauts there for space explorations.


Early years[edit]

In 1913 the first plane took off from the Wahner Heide military training area on an artillery reconnaissance flight. In 1939 an airfield was built for the German Luftwaffe.

After World War II the British military took over and expanded the airport. A 1,866 m runway was built in this period. In 1951 the airport was opened for civilian air traffic, superseding the former Cologne Butzweilerhof Airport.

During the 1950s and 1960s two additional runways and a new passenger terminal were constructed. On 1 November 1970 a Boeing 747 took off for New York City from the airport for the first time.

In 1986, Cologne Bonn Airport was chosen by United Parcel Service (UPS) as the location for their European hub.

In the late 1990s the Airport started an expansion program. Several new parking lots and a second terminal were built, and in 2004 a new long-distance railway station was opened. The airport is jointly owned by the City of Cologne (31.12%), the Federal Republic of Germany (30.94%), the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (30.94%), the City of Bonn (6.06%) and two counties (0.94%).[5]

Development in the 2000s[edit]

Coinciding with the start of several low-cost airlines in Germany, Cologne/Bonn opened new capacities. This enabled the airport to make competitive offers to the airlines. Consequently, Germanwings and TUIfly started operations from Cologne/Bonn as their hub in the fall of 2002. As a result, the number of passengers in 2003 rose by 43% compared to 2002. These airlines were joined by easyJet in late 2003 and Wizz Air in June 2006.

Also, the Canadian Forces began to use the airport as a staging area to move troops and supplies in support of humanitarian missions and possible anti-terrorism roles.[6]

In 2006 the Brazilian airline BRA provided a twice a week connection to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, which was discontinued in April 2007 due to problems with the airline. Also in 2006 a daily transatlantic flight to New Jersey's Newark Liberty International Airport by Continental Airlines was established, operating with a Boeing 757-200. This route was discontinued on 4 September 2008 due to a reduction in passenger numbers.[7]

Low-cost carriers Ryanair and Norwegian Air Shuttle began service to Cologne/Bonn in May 2012. In April 2014 Ryanair announced the opening of their fifth German base at Cologne/Bonn Airport for October 2014.[8]

In December 2014, Lufthansa announced to base Eurowings' new long-haul operations at Cologne Bonn Airport with flights to Florida, Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean to start by the end of 2015.[9] Meanwhile, Condor cancelled their service to Varadero after only one season due to the expected competition.[10]

On June 26, 2015 the airport received the ACI EUROPE Best Airport Award in the category of 5 to 10 million passengers. The judges were particularly impressed by the airport’s innovation in customer experience, high degree of environmental action as well as its strong relationship with the local community.[11]


Terminal overview; Terminal 1 is on the left, Terminal 2 on the right

Cologne Bonn Airport has two passenger terminals which are located directly beside each other:

Terminal 1[edit]

The older Terminal 1 is a building from the 1970s which spots large surfaces of bare concrete in its design. It features a u-shaped main building with shops, restaurants, check-in and service facilities and a visitors deck on its roof as well as the star-shaped piers B and C with five aircraft stands each plus a central airside hall between them added in 2004 with joint security-check facilities, more shops and restaurants as well as three additional stands. All ten stands at both piers feature jet bridges while the other three use walk-boarding. Also several bus-boarding stands are available at the apron. Terminal 1 is used by Eurowings and Germanwings which occupy most of the landside check-in facilities, Lufthansa and Austrian Airlines.[12] Terminal 1 features its own direct connection to the railway station.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 is the newer one and located to the north of Terminal 1. Both feature separate check-in facilities but are connected through a landside walkway. Additionally its airside area, which is signposted as pier D, is connected with the airside areas of Terminal 1. Terminal 2 is a modern-style rectangular building made out of glass and steel which is equipped with eight stands with jet bridges as well as several stands for bus-boarding. It is used by several airlines such as Air Berlin, Ryanair, KLM and Iran Air.[12] Terminal 2 is also directly connected to the airports' railway station via the basement level.

Airlines and destinations[edit]


Countries served by flights from Cologne Bonn Airport including future destinations as of September 2015

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Cologne Bonn Airport:[13]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Adria Airways Ljubljana (begins 28 March 2016)[14] TBD
Air Arabia Maroc Nador 2D
Air Berlin Antalya, Berlin-Tegel, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Málaga, Munich, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Corfu, Ibiza, Kos, Malta, Menorca, Olbia
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Varna 2D
AtlasGlobal Seasonal: Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen 2D
Austrian Airlines Vienna 1C
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna 2D
Blue Air Bucharest, Iași (begins 3 June 2016), Sibiu (begins 28 March 2016) 2D
Borajet Ankara, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen 2D
Condor Seasonal: Antalya, Palma de Mallorca 2D
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya 2D
easyJet London-Gatwick (ends 21 March 2016)[15] 2D
Eurowings Dresden, Hamburg, Leipzig/Halle, Milan-Malpensa, Prague
Seasonal: Heringsdorf
operated by SunExpress Deutschland
Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Boston (begins 1 June 2016),[16] Cancun, Las Vegas (begins 1 June 2016),[17] Mauritius (begins 5 May 2016),[18] Miami (begins 1 May 2016),[19] Phuket, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Varadero
Seasonal: Dubai-International
Seasonal charter: Barbados, La Romana, Montego Bay
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya 2D
Germanwings Ankara, Barcelona, Bari, Berlin-Schönefeld, Berlin-Tegel, Bologna, Budapest, Catania, Dresden, Dublin, Edinburgh, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Klagenfurt, Larnaca, Leipzig/Halle, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, London-Stansted, Manchester, Marrakesh, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Domodedovo (begins 9 June 2016),[20] Nador, Naples, Nice, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Rostock, Salzburg, Sarajevo, Split, Thessaloniki, Tunis, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Zagreb, Zürich
Seasonal: Antalya, Athens, Bastia, Bodrum (begins 5 June 2016),[21] Cagliari, Calvi, Casablanca, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Faro, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Izmir, Jerez de la Frontera, Kavala, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Menorca (begins 1 May 2016),[21] Mykonos, Olbia, Pisa, Pula, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Rhodes, Rijeka, Santorini, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tangier, Tenerife-South, Tirana, Verona, Zadar
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2D
Lufthansa Munich 1C
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich 1C
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante, Gran Canaria, Málaga, Tenerife-South 2D
Nouvelair Seasonal: Djerba, Enfidha 2D
Onur Air Seasonal: Antalya 2D
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Adana, Antalya, Izmir
Pobeda Moscow-Vnukovo (begins 15 February 2016)[22][23] 2D
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Berlin-Schönefeld, Copenhagen, Dublin, Gran Canaria, London-Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Malta (begins 19 March 2016), Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Riga, Rome-Ciampino, Sofia (begins 30 October 2016), Tenerife-South, Valencia, Warsaw-Modlin
Seasonal: Corfu (begins 28 April 2016),[24] Faro
SkyWork Airlines Basel/Mulhouse (begins 4 May 2016),[25] Bern 2D
SunExpress Antalya, Izmir 2D
SunExpress Deutschland Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Bodrum, Fuerteventura, Gaziantep, Gazipasa, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Izmir, Kayseri, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca, Sharm el-Sheikh, Trabzon
Seasonal: Dalaman, Fuerteventura, Paphos, Rhodes
Seasonal charter: Nador[26]
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya 2D
TUIfly Antalya, Boa Vista, Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Menorca, Sal, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Adana, Dalaman, Heraklion, Hurghada, Kos, Palma de Mallorca, Nador, Rhodes, Samsun, Sundsvall, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen 2D
Wizz Air Cluj-Napoca, Gdańsk, Katowice, Kiev-Zhulyany, Skopje, Sofia 2D


Cologne Bonn Airport is a major cargo hub in the world mainly due to its function as a hub for FedEx Express and UPS Airlines.

Airlines Destinations
ATRAN Moscow-Vnukovo
Bluebird Cargo Reykjavík
Cargojet Airways Brussels, Halifax, Hamilton
EgyptAir Cargo Cairo
FedEx Express Memphis, Munich, Shanghai-Pudong, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
FedEx Feeder
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Lufthansa Cargo
operated by MyCargo Airlines
MNG Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk, Leipzig/Halle, Paris-Charles de Gaulle[27]
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk, London-Luton[28]
UPS Airlines Almaty, Ancona, Barcelona, Budapest, Chicago-O'Hare, Dubai-International, East Midlands, Helsinki, Hong Kong, London-Stansted, Louisville, Madrid, Malmö, Moscow-Vnukovo, Mumbai, Newark, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Philadelphia, Rome-Ciampino, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenzhen, Singapore, Stockholm-Arlanda, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Valencia, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin
UPS Airlines
operated by Bluebird Cargo
Cork, Edinburgh, Reykjavík-Keflávik
UPS Airlines
operated by ASL Airlines Switzerland
Basel/Mulhouse, Bucharest-Henri Coanda, Cardiff, Geneva, Katowice, Ljubljana, Prague, Sofia, Timisoara, Zagreb
UPS Airlines
operated by MNG Airlines
UPS Airlines
operated by Star Air (Maersk)
Dublin, East Midlands, Lyon, Marseille, Milan-Orio al Serio, Munich, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Porto
West Air Sweden Berlin-Schönefeld


Passengers and freight[edit]

Main building of Terminal 1
Airside area at Terminal 2
Passengers Movements Freight (in t)
2000 6,291,739 138,434 423,641
2001 Decrease 5,705,819 Decrease 134,950 Increase 443,040
2002 Decrease 5,375,126 Decrease 125,307 Increase 494,331
2003 Increase 7,758,655 Increase 139,872 Increase 518,493
2004 Increase 8,332,961 Decrease 136,927 Increase 605,069
2005 Increase 9,452,185 Increase 140,775 Increase 636,887
2006 Increase 9,904,236 Decrease 139,096 Increase 685,563
2007 Increase 10,471,657 Decrease 138,837 Increase 704,649
2008 Decrease 10,342,931 Decrease 128,713 Decrease 578,161
2009 Decrease 9,739,581 Decrease 120,675 Decrease 552,363
2010 Increase 9,849,779 Increase 121,011 Increase 656,120
2011 Decrease 9,623,398 Decrease 117,715 Increase 742,372
2012 Decrease 9,280,070 Increase 125,335 Increase 751,183
2013 Decrease 9,077,346 Decrease 120,385 Decrease 739,569
2014 Increase 9,450,493 Increase 123.241 Increase 754.356
2015 Increase 10,338,375 Increase 128.616 Increase 757.717
Source: ADV German Airports Association[29]

Route statistics[edit]

Busiest routes (2014)
Rank Destination Passengers Operating airlines
1 Berlin, Germany 1,321,095 Air Berlin, Germanwings
2 Munich, Germany 1,003,612 Air Berlin, Lufthansa
3 Palma de Mallorca, Spain 839,771 Air Berlin, Condor, Germanwings, Ryanair, TUIfly
4 Antalya, Turkey 525,206 Air Berlin, Atlasjet, Condor, Germanwings, SunExpress, TUIfly
5 London (all), United Kingdom 483,514 easyJet, Germanwings, Ryanair
6 Istanbul (all), Turkey 480,491 Germanwings, Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
7 Hamburg, Germany 399,152 Germanwings
8 Vienna, Austria 268,592 Austrian Airlines, Germanwings
9 Zürich, Switzerland 220,978 Germanwings
10 Gran Canaria, Spain 153,417 Air Berlin, Germanwings, Tuifly
Source: Airport Traffic Statistics [30]

Ground transportation[edit]


An ICE 3 high-speed train arriving at Cologne/Bonn Airport station

Cologne/Bonn Airport station is a 4-track railway station on a loop off the Cologne–Frankfurt high-speed line that connects Cologne Bonn Airport to long-distance trains at least once an hour per direction, most of them ICE services. The station lies directly across both terminals under a large glass roof and features direct connections to the basement of Terminal 2 as well as the check-in area at Terminal 1-C. The S-Bahn line S13 as well as regional train line RE8 also stop here and continue to Cologne and Bonn.[31] Regional Express line RE6a connects the airport station with Düsseldorf Main Station, via Cologne Main Station and Neuss Main Station with an hourly frequency.


The airport has its own exit (named Flughafen) on motorway A59 which links it to the city centres of Cologne and Bonn as well as the Ruhrgebiet.[31]


Local bus lines also connect the airport with Cologne (route 161) and Bonn (route SB60).[31] On October 28, 2015, a new Busterminal is going to open and will be used for remote bus services to other German cities and many other European countries.

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic - Error Page". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Sommerflugplan 2015: Sieben neue Ziele ab Flughafen Köln/Bonn". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "Unternehmensführung der Flughafen Köln/Bonn GmbH". Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  6. ^ Steven Chase. "MacKay secures German staging base for post-Afghan missions". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  7. ^
  8. ^ "Ryanair eröffnet zum Winter Basis am Flughafen Köln-Bonn". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  9. ^ UBM Information Ltd. 2015 (3 December 2014). "Eurowings to Launch Long-Haul from Cologne under Lufthansa ‘Wings’ Project". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  10. ^ "Billigflüge: Köln im Zentrum der Schlacht - aeroTELEGRAPH". aeroTELEGRAPH. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  11. ^
  12. ^ a b "Orientierung am Airport, Wegweiser Köln Bonn Airport". Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  13. ^ "Flight Destinations, Travel Destinations - Cologne Bonn Airport". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "EX-YU Aviation News: Adria Airways: Ljubljana - Cologne". 
  15. ^ "easyJet Flights & Travel Info (> Book a flight)". easyJet. 10 September 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2015. 
  16. ^ "Eurowings Delays Boston Launch to June 2016". 2 February 2016. Retrieved 2 February 2016. 
  17. ^ Eurowings Delays Las Vegas Launch to June 2016. Airline Route. 5 February 2016. Retrieved 5 February 2016.
  18. ^ "Eurowings S16 Preliminary Long-Haul Network Additions". 
  19. ^ Eurowings Confirms Cologne – US Launch from May 2016. Airline Route. 18 November 2015. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
  20. ^ L, J (15 September 2015). "germanwings Cologne – Moscow S16 Service Changes". Airline Route. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  21. ^ a b "germanwings Adds New Cologne Routes in S16". 
  22. ^ L, J (22 January 2016). "Pobeda Adds Cologne Service from mid-Feb 2016". Airline Route. Retrieved 22 January 2016. 
  23. ^ "«Победа» открыла продажу билетов в Кёльн, Дюссельдорф и Леверкузен". Pobeda Airlines LLC. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  24. ^ "Ryanair Launches 75th Base in Corfu in S16". 
  25. ^ "SkyWork Airlines - News". 
  26. ^
  27. ^ "MNG AIRLINES - SERVICES". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  28. ^ "Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule" (PDF). 
  29. ^ "German Airport Statistics (German)". 
  30. ^ "Luftverkehr auf Hauptverkehrsflughäfen (German)". Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  31. ^ a b c "Anreise mit dem PKW". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Cologne Bonn Airport at Wikimedia Commons