Demographics of Colombia

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Demographics of Colombia
Tota Lake 1.JPG
Tota Lake
Population 48,301,354 (at 2015)(28th)[1]
Density 42.25 inhab/sq km (72nd)
Growth rate Increase 1.27% (105th)
Birth rate 18.9 births/1,000 population (111th)
Death rate 5.8/1,000 population (178th)
Life expectancy 79 (34th)
 • male 76 (37th)
 • female 83 (22nd)
Fertility rate 2.00 children/woman (122nd)
Net migration rate Decrease-0.65 (2014)[2]
Age structure
0–14 years 26.7%
15–64 years 65.6%
65 and over 7.6%
Sex ratio
Total 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 1.02 male(s)/female
15–64 years 0.95 male(s)/female
65 and over 0.75 male(s)/female
Language
Spoken Spanish

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Colombia, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. It is the second-most populous country in South America after Brazil.

The Demography of Colombia is characterized for being the third-most populous country in Latin America, after Mexico and Brazil. Colombia experienced rapid population growth like most countries, but four decades of an armed conflict pushed millions of Colombians out of the country. However, a rebound economy in the 2000s in urban centres (perhaps the most urbanized Latin American nation) improved the situation of living standards for Colombians in a traditional class stratified economy.

Census[edit]

Population census
Year Pop. ±%
1864 1,694,487 —    
1870 2,681,637 +58.3%
1905* 4,533,777 +69.1%
1912 5,472,604 +20.7%
1918 5,855,077 +7.0%
1928 7,851,110 +34.1%
1938** 8,701,816 +10.8%
1951 11,228,509 +29.0%
1964 17,848,508 +59.0%
1973 20,666,920 +15.8%
1985 27,867,326 +34.8%
1993 34,109,840 +22.4%
2005 42,888,592 +25.7%
2017 49,291,609 +14.9%
Note: Diverse sources Census respective year DANE *First census after 35 years **First modern census
Source: DANEDANE Simple
The population density of Colombia. Red showing concentration of population.
Demographics of Colombia, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

2005 Census[edit]

According to the 2005 census, there are 46,219,699 Colombians in the world (42,888,592 living in the national territory and 3,331,107 living abroad). In 2005 there were 3,378,345 Colombians living permanently outside Colombia. More recently, according with MRE estimates this indicator may ascend to 4,700,000 in 2012.[3]

# Department Capital Area Population
1 Amazonas Leticia 109,665 km² 56,036
2 Antioquia Medellín 63,612 km² 5,671,689
3 Arauca Arauca 23,818 km² 208,605
4 Atlántico Barranquilla 3,388 km² 2,112,128
5 Bogotá, Distrito Capital Bogotá 1,587 km² 6,778,691 (not metropolitan)
6 Bolívar Cartagena 25,978 km² 1,860,445
7 Boyacá Tunja 23,189 km² 1,211,186
8 Caldas Manizales 7,888 km² 908,841
9 Caquetá Florencia 88,965 km² 404,896
10 Casanare Yopal 44,640 km² 282,452
11 Cauca Popayán 29,308 km² 1,244,886
12 Cesar Valledupar 22,905 km² 879,914
13 Chocó Quibdó 46,530 km² 441,395
14 Córdoba Montería 25,020 km² 1,472,699
15 Cundinamarca Bogotá 24,210 km² 2,228,478 (without Bogotá)
16 Guainía Inirida 72,238 km² 30,232
17 Guaviare San José del Guaviare 53,460 km² 81,411
18 Huila Neiva 19,890 km² 1,006,797
19 La Guajira Riohacha 20,848 km² 623,250
20 Magdalena Santa Marta 23,188 km² 1,136,901
21 Meta Villavicencio 85,635 km² 789,276
22 Nariño Pasto 33,268 km² 1,531,777
23 Norte de Santander Cúcuta 21,658 km² 1,228,028
24 Putumayo Mocoa 24,885 km² 299,286
25 Quindío Armenia 1,845 km² 518,691
26 Risaralda Pereira 4,140 km² 863,663
27 San Andrés and Providencia San Andrés 52 km² 59,573
28 Santander Bucaramanga 30,537 km² 1,916,336
29 Sucre Sincelejo 10,670 km² 765,285
30 Tolima Ibagué 23,562 km² 1,335,177
31 Valle del Cauca Cali 22,140 km² 4,060,196
32 Vaupés Mitú 54,135 km² 27,124
33 Vichada Puerto Carreño 100,242 km² 55,158
Total 1,141,748 km² 42,888,592

20th and 21st centuries[edit]

Colombian census from 1912:[4]

  • On 1912 census estimated 5,472,604 inhabitants.
  • On 1918 census estimated 5,855,077 inhabitants.
  • On 1928 census estimated 7,851,110 inhabitants.
  • On 1938 census estimated 8,697,041 inhabitants.
  • On 1951 census estimated 12,739,910 inhabitants.
  • On 1964 census estimated 18,337,973 inhabitants.
  • On 1973 census estimated 23,881,851 inhabitants.
  • On 1985 census estimated 31,593,587 inhabitants.
  • On 1993 census estimated 37,422,791 inhabitants.
  • On 2005 census estimated 42,888,592 inhabitants.
  • On 2018 census will estimate inhabitants.[5]

UN estimates[edit]

According to the 2017 revision of the World Population Prospects[6] the total population was 48,653,419 in 2016, compared to only 12,342,000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2015 was 24.3%, 68.7% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 7% was 65 years or older .[7]

Total population
(x 1000)
Proportion
aged 0–14
(%)
Proportion
aged 15–64
(%)
Proportion
aged 65+
(%)
1950 12 341 42.6 54.0 3.4
1955 14 225 44.8 52.0 3.2
1960 16 480 46.4 50.4 3.2
1965 19 144 46.9 49.9 3.2
1970 22 061 45.9 50.7 3.4
1975 24 757 43.4 53.0 3.6
1980 27 738 40.6 55.7 3.7
1985 31 012 37.9 58.2 3.9
1990 34 272 36.3 59.6 4.1
1995 37 442 34.3 61.3 4.4
2000 40 404 31.5 63.8 4.7
2005 43 286 28.9 65.9 5.2
2010 45 918 26.4 67.8 5.9
2015 48 229 24.3 68.7 7.0

Structure of the population[edit]

[8] Structure of the population (01.07.2013) (Estimates) (Data are revised projections taking into consideration also the results of 2005 census) :

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 23,264,039 23,857,050 47,121,089 100
0–4 2,199,694 2,100,031 4,299,725 9.12
5–9 2,179,681 2,084,913 4,264,594 9.05
10–14 2,209,575 2,118,395 4,327,970 9.18
15–19 2,244,449 2,143,506 4,387,955 9.31
20–24 2,160,859 2,061,652 4,222,511 8.96
25–29 1,914,365 1,904,075 3,818,440 8.10
30–34 1,671,089 1,754,172 3,425,261 7.27
35–39 1,490,015 1,583,059 3,073,074 6.52
40–44 1,381,926 1,498,588 2,880,514 6.11
45–49 1,366,374 1,495,820 2,862,194 6.07
50–54 1,210,148 1,332,829 2,542,977 5.40
55–59 970,679 1,080,402 2,051,081 4.35
60–64 753,793 840,857 1,594,650 3.38
65–69 558,729 635,567 1,194,296 2.53
70–74 394,140 471,078 865,218 1.84
75–79 287,769 372,754 660,523 1.40
80+ 270,754 379,352 650,106 1.38
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0–14 6,588,950 6,303,339 12,892,289 27.36
15–64 15,163,697 15,694,960 30,858,657 65.49
65+ 1,511,392 1,858,751 3,370,143 7.15

Urbanization[edit]

Movement from rural to urban areas was very heavy in the middle of the twentieth century, but has since tapered off. The urban population increased from 31% of the total population in 1938, to 57% in 1951 and about 70% by 1990. Currently the figure is about 77%. Thirty cities have a population of 100,000 or more. The nine eastern lowlands departments, constituting about 54% of Colombia's area, have less than 3% of the population and a density of less than one person per square kilometer (two people per sq. mi.).[citation needed]

Vital statistics[edit]

UN estimates[edit]

The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates.[7]

Period Live births
per year
Deaths
per year
Natural change
per year
CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR* Life expectancy
total
Life expectancy
males
Life expectancy
females
1950–1955 628,000 219,000 409,000 47.3 16.5 30.6 6.76 123 50.6 49.0 52.3
1955–1960 697,000 203,000 494,000 45.4 13.2 32.2 6.76 105 55.2 53.5 56.9
1960–1965 787,000 203,000 584,000 44.2 11.4 32.8 6.76 92 57.9 56.2 59.7
1965–1970 845,000 206,000 639,000 41.1 10.0 31.1 6.18 82 60.0 58.3 61.8
1970–1975 800,000 202,000 598,000 34.2 8.7 25.5 4.90 73 61.7 59.6 63.9
1975–1980 853,000 199,000 654,000 32.5 7.6 24.9 4.25 57 64.0 61.7 66.3
1980–1985 900,000 191,000 709,000 30.7 6.5 24.2 3.70 43 66.8 63.6 70.2
1985–1990 904,000 201,000 703,000 27.7 6.2 21.5 3.18 35 68.0 64.5 71.7
1990–1995 898,000 219,000 679,000 25.1 6.1 19.0 2.84 28 68.7 64.5 73.0
1995–2000 853,000 223,000 630,000 21.9 5.7 16.2 2.50 24 70.3 66.5 74.2
2000–2005 842,000 234,000 608,000 20.1 5.6 14.5 2.30 21 71.7 68.0 75.5
2005–2010 804,000 249,000 555,000 18.0 5.6 12.4 2.10 19 72.9 69.2 76.7
2010–2015 764,000 273,000 491,000 16.2 5.8 10.4 1.93 16 73.9 70.3 77.6
2015–2020 729,000 300,000 429,000 14.8 6.1 8.7 1.83 14 74.9 71.4 78.6
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Births and deaths[edit]

[9] [10]

Year Population (x1000) Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of natural increase TFR
1934 240 050 125 527 114 523 29.9 15.6 14.3
1935 247 049 125 074 121 975 30.1 15.3 14,8
1936 246 692 129 976 116 716 29.5 15.5 14.0
1937 262 762 131 241 131 521 30.8 15.4 15.4
1938 279 983 150 670 129 313 32.2 17.3 14.9
1939 280 577 156 309 124 268 31.6 17.6 14.0
1940 292 553 137 786 154 767 32.2 15.2 17.0
1941 304 012 144 095 159 917 32.8 15.5 17.3
1942 314 628 151 809 162 819 33.2 16.0 17.2
1943 312 091 165 749 146 342 32.3 17.0 15.3
1944 319 724 162 323 157 401 32.4 16.4 16.0
1945 321 654 159 159 162 495 31.9 15.8 16.1
1946 340 790 160 460 180 330 33.0 15.6 17.4
1947 358 975 152 411 206 564 34.0 14.5 19.5
1948 378 300 154 392 223 908 35.1 14.3 20.8
1949 388 926 154 662 234 264 35.3 14.0 21.3
1950 413 721 160 378 253 343 36.7 14.2 22.5
1951 419 384 165 169 254 215 36.2 14.3 21,9
1952 436 406 153 738 282 668 36.8 13.0 23.8
1953 471 109 163 653 307 456 38.9 13.5 25.4
1954 474 585 150 853 323 732 38.3 12.2 26.1
1955 511 011 161 863 349 148 40.4 12.8 27.6
1956 538 485 171 984 366 501 41.6 13.3 28.3
1957 563 037 173 873 389 164 42.6 13.1 29.5
1958 585 561 173 681 411 880 43.3 12.8 30.5
1959 608 670 40.7
1960 598 530 44.9 12.2 32.7
1961 626 801 44.7 11.9 32.8
1962 650 561 44.4 11.6 32.8
1963 665 287 44.1 11.3 32.8
1964 674 825 175 349 499 476 43.6 11.0 32.6
1965 663 816 178 372 485 444 43.1 10.7 32.4
1966 663 632 174 712 488 920 42.3 10.4 31.9
1967 669 978 179 676 490 302 41.3 10.1 31.2
1968 622 884 40.1 9.9 30.2
1969 691 000 153 882 537 118 38.8 9.6 29.2
1970 37.5 9.3 28.2
1971 797 160 206 897 590 263 36.2 9.1 27.1
1972 745 462 160 412 585 050 35.1 8.8 26.3
1973 739 611 206 572 533 039 34.2 8.6 25.6
1974 739 440 33.5 8.3 25.2
1975 735 673 153 238 583 435 33.0 8.1 24.9
1976 731 163 32.7 7.9 24.8
1977 806 492 145 426 661 066 32.4 7.7 24.7
1978 32.2 7.5 24.7
1979 110 400 32.0 7.2 24.8
1980 125 573 31.7 7.0 24.7
1981 166 195 31.3 6.8 24.5
1982 137 768 30.8 6.6 24.2
1983 829 348 140 292 689 056 30.4 6.5 23.9
1984 825 482 137 189 688 293 29.8 6.4 23.4
1985 30,802 835 922 153 947 681 975 29.2 6.3 22.9 3.42
1986 31,439 831 956 146,346 685 610 28.7 6.2 22.5
1987 32,097 837 426 151,957 685 469 28.1 6.2 21.9
1988 32,767 153,067 27.5 6.2 21.3
1989 33,446 154,694 27.0 6.2 20.8
1990 34,130 154,685 26.4 6.2 20.2 2.99
1991 34,830 163,692 25.8 6.1 19.7 2.93
1992 35,521 167,743 25.3 6.1 19.2 2.86
1993 36,207 790,210 168,647 621,563 24.7 6.1 18.6 2.79
1994 36,854 168,568 24.0 6.0 18.0 2.73
1995 37,472 793 174 237 117 556 057 23.4 5.9 17.5 2.66
1996 38,068 791 277 235 231 556 046 22.8 5.9 16.9 2.60
1997 38,635 790 057 234 106 555 951 22.3 5.8 16.5 2.54
1998 39,184 789 071 234 090 554 981 21.8 5.7 16.1 2.48
1999 39,730 789 117 234 112 555 005 21.4 5.7 15.7 2.43
2000 40,295 752 834 187 432 565 402 20.9 5.6 15.3 2.39
2001 40,813 724 319 191 513 532 806 20.6 5.6 15.0 2.35
2002 41,328 700 455 192 262 508 193 20.2 5.6 14.6 2.31
2003 41,848 710 702 192 121 518 581 19.9 5.6 14.3 2.27
2004 42,368 723 099 188 933 534 166 19.5 5.6 13.9 2.24
2005 42,888 719 968 189 022 530 946 19.1 5.6 13.5 2.20
2006 43,405 714 450 192 814 521 636 18.7 5.6 13.1 2.16
2007 43,926 709 253 193 936 515 317 18.3 5.6 12.7 2.12
2008 44,451 715 453 196 394 519 059 17.8 5.6 12.2 2.08
2009 44,978 699 775 196 933 502 842 17.5 5.6 11.9 2.04
2010 45,509 654 627 200 524 454 103 17.1 5.7 11.4 2.01
2011 46,044 665 499 195 823 469 676 16.7 5.7 11.0 1.98
2012 46,581 676 815 199 756 477 059 16.4 5.8 10.6 1.95
2013 47,121 658 835 203 071 455 764 16.1 5.8 10.3 1.92
2014 47,661 669 137 210 051 459 086 15.8 5.9 9.9 1.90
2015 48,203 660 999 219 472 441 527 15.5 5.9 9.6 1.87
2016 48,747 647 521 223 078 424 443 15.0 6.0 9.0
2017 49,291 647 679 213 318 434 361 14.8 5.9 8.9

Current vital statistics[edit]

[11]

  • Number of births from January-August 2016 = Decrease 432,060
  • Number of births from January-August 2017 = Decrease 420,047
  • Number of deaths from January-August 2016 = Negative increase 128,800
  • Number of deaths from January-August 2017 = Negative increase 132,504
  • Natural growth from January-August 2016 = Decrease 303,260
  • Natural growth from January-August 2017 = Decrease 287,543

Fertility and births[edit]

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[12]

Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
1981–83 3.65
1986 3.34 (2.81) 2.76 (2.42) 4.88 (3.87)
1990 26.1 2.9 (2.2) 25.7 2.5 (2.1) 27.0 3.8 (2.7)
1995 26 3.0 (2.2) 25 2.5 (1.9) 30 4.3 (2.8)
2000 22.7 2.6 (1.8) 21.6 2.3 (1.7) 25.6 3.8 (2.3)
2005 20.4 2.4 (1.7) 19.0 2.1 (1.5) 24.3 3.4 (2.1)
2010 18 2.1 (1.6) 17 2.0 (1.5) 20 2.8 (1.9)
2015[13] 16.4 2.0 (1.6) 15.7 1.8 (1.5) 18.5 2.6 (1.9)

Total fertility rate by departments[edit]

Departament TFR 2010[14] TFR 2015 [15]
Amazonas department 3.7 3.1
Antioquia 1.8 1.4
Arauca department 2.4 2.1
Atlántico 2.5 2.2
Bolívar department 2.4 2.4
Bogotá 1.9 1.8
Boyacá 2.3 1.8
Caldas 1.6 1.3
Caquetá 2.7 2.3
Casanare 2.2 2.1
Cauca department 2.3 2.2
Cesar department 2.8 2.7
Chocó 3.3 3.4
Córdoba department 2.3 2.1
Cundinamarca 2.2 2.2
Guainía 3.1 2.9
Guaviare 2.3 1.7
Huila 2.5 2.1
La Guajira 4.1 3.6
Magdalena department 3.1 2.9
Meta 2.3 2.0
Nariño 2.2 1.8
Norte de Santander 2.4 2.2
Putumayo 2.5 1.8
Quindío 1.7 1.7
Risaralda 1.7 1.7
San Andrés y Providencia 2.1 2.0
Santander department 2.1 1.8
Sucre department 2.5 2.2
Tolima 2.4 2.2
Valle del Cauca 1.7 1.6
Vaupés 3.8 4.6
Vichada 3.3 2.6

Ethnicity[edit]

Ethnic groups in Colombia[16]
Ethnic group percent
Mestizo and White
84.2%
Afro-Colombians (includes Mulatto, Raizal, and Palenquero )
10.4%
Amerindians
3.4%
Unspecified
2.1%

Colombia is ethnically diverse, its people descending from the original native inhabitants, Spanish colonists, Africans originally brought to the country as slaves, and 20th-century immigrants from Europe and the Middle East, all contributing to a diverse cultural heritage.[17] The demographic distribution reflects a pattern that is influenced by colonial history. Whites tend to live mainly in urban centers, like Bogotá, Medellín or Cali, and the burgeoning highland cities. The populations of the major cities also include mestizos. Mestizo campesinos (people living in rural areas) also live in the Andean highlands where some Spanish conquerors mixed with the women of Amerindian chiefdoms. Mestizos include artisans and small tradesmen that have played a major part in the urban expansion of recent decades.[18]

The 2005 census reported that the "non-ethnic population", consisting of whites and mestizos (those of mixed white European and Amerindian ancestry), constituted 86% of the national population. 10.6% is of African ancestry. Indigenous Amerindians comprise 3.4% of the population. Less than 0.01% of the population is Roma. An extraofficial estimate considers that the 49% of the Colombian population is Mestizo or of mixed European and Amerindian ancestry, and that approximately 37% is White, mainly of Spanish lineage, but there is also a large population of Middle East descent; among the upper class there is a considerable input of Italian and German ancestry.[19]

Many of the Indigenous peoples experienced a reduction in population during the Spanish rule[20] and many others were absorbed into the mestizo population, but the remainder currently represents over eighty distinct cultures. Reserves (resguardos) established for indigenous peoples occupy 30,571,640 hectares (305,716.4 km2) (27% of the country's total) and are inhabited by more than 800,000 people.[21] Some of the largest indigenous groups are the Wayuu,[22] the Paez, the Pastos, the Emberá and the Zenú.[23] The departments of La Guajira, Cauca, Nariño, Córdoba and Sucre have the largest indigenous populations.[24]

The Organización Nacional Indígena de Colombia (ONIC), founded at the first National Indigenous Congress in 1982, is an organization representing the indigenous peoples of Colombia. In 1991, Colombia signed and ratified the current international law concerning indigenous peoples, Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989.[25]

Black Africans were brought as slaves, mostly to the coastal lowlands, beginning early in the 16th century and continuing into the 19th century. Large Afro-Colombian communities are found today on the Caribbean and Pacific coasts. The population of the department of Chocó, running along the northern portion of Colombia's Pacific coast, is over 80% black.[26] British and Jamaicans migrated mainly to the islands of San Andres and Providencia. A number of other Europeans and North Americans migrated to the country in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, including people from the former USSR during and after the Second World War.[27][28]

Many immigrant communities have settled on the Caribbean coast, in particular recent immigrants from the Middle East. Barranquilla (the largest city of the Colombian Caribbean) and other Caribbean cities have the largest populations of Lebanese, Palestinian, Phoenician and other Middle Easterners.[29][30] There are also important communities of Chinese, Japanese, Romanis and Jews.[17] There is a major migration trend of Venezuelans, due to the political crisis and economic collapse in Venezuela. [31]

Languages[edit]

Spanish (of which Colombia has the third-largest population of speakers in the world after Mexico and the United States) is the official language, and there are small communities in urban areas speaking other European languages such as German, French, English, Italian and Portuguese. There are 65 indigenous languages and two Creole languages, one creole in San Basilio de Palenque and one in San Andrés; and also San Andrés is the only place of Colombia where are three official languages: Spanish, English and a creole language. There are 5,000 speakers of Romani in Colombia.[2]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Colombia (2014) - Pew Research Center [32]

  Catholicism (79%)
  Protestantism (13%)
  Unaffiliated (6%)
  Other (2%)

Religion in Colombia - Other studies [33][34]

  Catholicism (70.9%)
  Protestantism (16.7%)
  Atheist or agnostic (4.7%)
  Claim to believe in God but do not follow a specific religion (3.5%)
  Other (0.2%)
  The remaining people either did not respond or replied that they did not know. (2.2%)

The National Administrative Department of Statistics (DANE) does not collect religious statistics, and accurate reports are difficult to obtain. However, based on various studies and a survey, about 90% of the population adheres to Christianity, the majority of which (70.9%) are Roman Catholic, while a significant minority (16.7%) adhere to Protestantism (primarily Evangelicalism). Some 4.7% of the population is atheist or agnostic, while 3.5% claim to believe in God but do not follow a specific religion. 1.8% of Colombians adhere to Jehovah's Witnesses and Adventism and less than 1% adhere to other religions, such as Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, Mormonism, Hinduism, Indigenous religions, Hare Krishna movement, Rastafari movement, Orthodox Catholic Church, and spiritual studies. The remaining people either did not respond or replied that they did not know. In addition to the above statistics, 35.9% of Colombians reported that they did not practice their faith actively.[33][34][32]

While Colombia remains a mostly Roman Catholic country by baptism numbers, the 1991 Colombian constitution guarantees freedom of religion and all religious faiths and churches are equally free before the law.[35]

Migration[edit]

Historically, a sizable percentage of Colombian emigration has also been motivated by the need to escape from political persecution and bipartisan violence during the periods of "La Violencia" (1948–1958), and later due to the effects of the nation's current conflict (since 1964). This has resulted in numerous applications for political asylum abroad.

Colombians have emigrated in comparably high rates to the United States. Other Colombians migrated to Canada and Europe (most to Spain, but also to France, Italy, the United Kingdom and Sweden). Among other locations.[citation needed]

Today millions of Colombians have returned to their country due to improvements in security, Colombia is now a country on the road to recovery. Colombia is creating an economy that is today considered attractive and prosperous by many national and international investors. There are policies of the Colombian Government to help Colombians with housing loans. There is a support system for returning migrants. Certificates of competency are issued and there is a free employment service to help people find job.[36][37][38][39]

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[40]

Population[edit]

48,637,910 (May, 2016 est.)

Median age[edit]

total: 27.7 years

male: 26.7 years

female: 28.6 years (2010 est.)

Sex ratio[edit]

At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

Under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

15–64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female

total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate[edit]

0.7% (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS[edit]

170,000 (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS – deaths[edit]

9,800 (2007 est.)

Nationality[edit]

noun: Colombia adjective: Colombian(s)

Literacy[edit]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 93.4%

male: 93.1%

female: 93.7% (2005 census)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Animated clock". Colombian State Department. Archived from the original on 5 September 2015. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  2. ^ "CIA – The World Factbook – Rank Order – Net migration rate". CIA. Retrieved 2009-02-23. 
  3. ^ "Colombianos en el Exterior" (PDF). Cancilleria.gov. Retrieved 17 October 2017. 
  4. ^ "La historia del censo en Colombia". Caracol. 28 September 2005. Consulted 16 April 2012.
  5. ^ "Censo nacional: Prepárese para el censo de población y vivienda". Caracol Radio. Retrieved 4 July 2017. 
  6. ^ "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
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