The Colombian passport is a travel document which is issued to citizens of Colombia for the purpose of international travel. Since August 2010 a machine readable passport has been introduced. The previous version can be used until November 2015 (if it is still valid).
Front Cover Colombian old Passport valid until 2015
Citizens of Colombia do not need a passport when traveling to Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay. For these countries, they may use just their domestic identification cards called "CÉDULA DE CIUDADANÍA".
Several drivers resulted in the issuing of the document:
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) issued Resolution No. A36-15 in which it urged its 190 member countries to issue readable passports from 2010. The intent of this resolution was to ensure security and integrity of travel documents worldwide.
Increased safety: The new book has special design features, and print materials that correspond to three levels of security.
Allowing quick migration processes: the machine-readable zone facilitates the process of recognition and registration of the passenger when entering or leaving a country, because a machine automatically interprets the information encoded in their passport, which reduces approximately 50% on-call time by immigration agents.