Top row: The Cargills Ceylon building, and the Seema Malakaya of the Gangaramaya Temple
Row 2: The Lotus Tower, Bank of Ceylon tower and WTC, and Independence Square
Row 3: Nelum Pokuna and the Old Parliament
Bottom: Skyline of the CBD, looking north
Location within Sri Lanka
|• District Secretary||H. T. Kamal Pathmasiri|
|• Total||699 km2 (270 sq mi)|
|• Land||676 km2 (261 sq mi)|
|• Water||23 km2 (9 sq mi) 3.29%|
|Area rank||25th (1.07% of total area)|
|Population (2012 census)|
|• Rank||1st (11.40% of total pop.)|
|• Density||3,300/km2 (8,600/sq mi)|
|• Sinhalese||1,771,319 (76.69%)|
|• Sri Lankan Moors||242,728 (10.51%)|
|• Sri Lankan Tamil||231,318 (10.01%)|
|• Indian Tamil||27,336 (1.18%)|
|• Other||37,108 (1.61%)|
|• Buddhist||1,631,999 (70.66%)|
|• Muslim||271,719 (11.76%)|
|• Christian||220,711 (9.56%)|
|• Hindu||182,342 (7.89%)|
|• Other||3,038 (0.13%)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (Sri Lanka)|
|Telephone Codes||011, 036|
|ISO 3166 code||LK-11|
|Official Languages||Sinhala, Tamil|
|Website||Colombo District Secretariat|
Colombo District (Sinhalese: කොළඹ දිස්ත්රික්කය kol̠am̆ba distrikkaya; Tamil: கொழும்பு மாவட்டம் Koḻumpu Māvaṭṭam) is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary (previously known as a Government Agent) appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka. The capital of the district is the city of Colombo.
Colombo District was part of the pre-colonial Kingdom of Kotte. The district then came under Portuguese, Dutch and British control. In 1815 the British gained control of the entire island of Ceylon. They divided the island into three ethnic based administrative structures: Low Country Sinhalese, Kandyan Sinhalese and Tamil. Colombo District was part of the Low Country Sinhalese administration. In 1833, in accordance with the recommendations of the Colebrooke-Cameron Commission, the ethnic based administrative structures were unified into a single administration divided into five geographic provinces. Colombo District, together with Kalutara, Puttalam, Seven Korales (present day Kurunegala District), Three Korales, Four Korales and Lower Bulatgama (present day Kegalle District) formed the new Western Province. At the time that Ceylon gained independence, Colombo was one of the two districts located in the Western Province. Parts of the district were transferred to newly created Gampaha District in September 1978.
Colombo District is located in the south west of Sri Lanka and has an area of 699 square kilometres (270 sq mi).
Colombo District is divided into 13 Divisional Secretary's Division (DS Divisions), each headed by a Divisional Secretary (previously known as an Assistant Government Agent). The DS Divisions are further sub-divided into 566 Grama Niladhari Divisions (GN Divisions).
|DS Division||Main Town||Divisional Secretary||GN
|Population (2012 Census)||Population|
|Sinhalese||Sri Lankan Moors||Sri Lankan
|Colombo||Colombo||K. G. Dharmathilaka||35||18||79,468||126,345||97,690||8,635||5,910||318,048||17,669|
|Dehiwala||Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia||K. Champa N. Perera||15||8||53,182||17,870||12,917||1,240||2,625||87,834||10,979|
|Kaduwela||Kaduwela||M. S. P. Suriyapperuma||57||88||241,104||2,011||4,605||740||3,597||252,057||2,864|
|Kesbewa||Kesbewa||L. A. Kalukapuarachchi||73||64||237,781||1,114||2,403||439||2,325||244,062||3,813|
|Kolonnawa||Kolonnawa||U. W. Senarathna||46||28||128,623||40,412||15,934||2,101||3,747||190,817||6,815|
|Maharagama||Maharagama||K. M. Buddhi Tharanga Karunasena||41||38||187,363||1,369||3,107||529||2,987||195,355||5,141|
|Moratuwa||Moratuwa||K. C. Niroshan||42||20||157,901||2,683||4,802||397||1,377||167,160||8,358|
|Padukka||Padukka||S. H. Hewage||46||110||62,472||998||1,238||334||125||65,167||592|
|Ratmalana||Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia||Pradeep Ratnayaka||13||13||75,181||9,005||7,852||855||2,269||95,162||7,320|
|Seethawaka||Avissawella||P. D. S. Wijerathna||68||150||100,046||838||5,007||7,285||301||113,477||757|
|Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte||Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte||Amal J. S. S. Edirisooriya||20||17||91,268||5,207||7,503||801||2,729||107,508||6,324|
|Thimbirigasyaya||Colombo||Geethamani C. Karunaratne||29||24||125,052||34,368||66,353||3,520||7,690||236,983||9,874|
Colombo District's population was 2,309,809 in 2012. It has the highest population and population density in Sri Lanka. The majority of the population are Sinhalese, with a minority Sri Lankan Moor and Sri Lankan Tamil population.
|Year||Sinhalese||Sri Lankan Moors||Sri Lankan Tamil||Indian Tamil||Other||Total|
- "Area of Sri Lanka by province and district" (PDF). Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-11-13.
- "A2 : Population by ethnic group according to districts, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.
- "A3 : Population by religion according to districts, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.
- Mills, Lennox A. (1933). Ceylon Under British Rule (1795 - 1932). London: Oxford University Press. pp. 67–68.
- Medis, G. C. (1946). Ceylon Under the British (2nd (revised) ed.). Colombo: The Colombo Apothecaries Co. pp. 39–40.
- "Grama Niladhari Divisions". Colombo District Secretariat.
- "Land area by province, district and divisional secretariat division" (PDF). Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.
- "A6 : Population by ethnicity and district according to Divisional Secretary's Division, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.
- "Census of Population Sri Lanka 1971 - General Report". Census of Population & Housing, 1971. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. p. 29.
- "Population by ethnic group and district, Census 1981, 2001" (PDF). Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-15.
- Department of Census and Statistics,The Census of Population and Housing of Sri Lanka-2011
- "Population by religion and district, Census 1981, 2001" (PDF). Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-11-13.
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