Colonial architecture

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Danish Fort Dansborg at Tranquebar, built by Ove Gedde in 1620.

Colonial architecture is an architectural style from a mother country that has been incorporated into the buildings of settlements or colonies in distant locations. Colonists frequently built settlements that synthesized the architecture of their countries of origin with the design characteristics of their new lands, creating hybrid designs.[1]

Below are links to specific articles about colonial architecture, specifically the modern colonies:

Spanish colonial architecture[edit]

Spanish Colonial architecture is most visible in South America. In Mexico, Spanish colonial architecture can be found in Puebla, Zacatecas, Querétaro, Guanajuato, and Morelia. Antigua Guatemala in Guatemala is also known for its well preserved Spanish colonial style architecture. Other cities famous for its Spanish colonial heritage are Ciudad Colonial of Santo Domingo, The port of Cartagena, Colombia, and Old San Juan

Portuguese colonial architecture[edit]

Church of Santo António;
b. 1498, Mozambique

Portuguese colonial architecture is most visible in Brazil, Madeira, North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa, Macau, Malaysian city of Malacca, city of Goa, Moluccas, and Java.

British colonial architecture[edit]

Westover Plantation, an example of Georgian architecture on the eastern James River, in Virginia

British colonial architecture are most visible in North America, British West Indies, Far East, and Australia.

French colonial architecture[edit]

Gabriel Peyreaux House in New Orleans, built circa 1780 It is an example of poteaux-sur-solle construction.

French colonial architecture are most visible in North America and Indochina.

  • Indochina

Dutch colonial architecture[edit]

Toko Merah, an 18th-century Dutch colonial landmark in Jakarta, shows a typically Dutch high sash windows with split shutters.

Dutch colonial architecture is most visible in Indonesia (especially Java and Sumatra), the United States, South Asia, and South Africa.


  1. ^ Guaita, Ovidio (1999). On distant shores: colonial houses around the world. Monacelli Press. ISBN 9781580930512. Retrieved January 26, 2014.