Color Line (ferry operator)
|Predecessor||Jahre Line and Norway Line|
|Norway, Denmark, Germany, Sweden|
|Morten Garman, Chairman|
Olav Nils Sunde, President
Color Line AS is the largest cruiseferry line operating on routes to and from Norway. The company is also one of the leading operators in Europe. Color Line provides transportation for people and cargo, hotel accommodation, shopping, restaurants and entertainment. The company currently employs 3500 people in four countries.
Color Line has roots in the ferry business that go back more than 100 years. The company was established in 1990 when two Norwegian shipping companies, Jahre Line and Norway Line merged. Jahre Line had operated ferries between Oslo and Kiel since 1961, while Norway Line had operated ferries from Norway to the United Kingdom and the Netherlands since 1986. During 1990 Color Line also took over the Fred. Olsen Lines cruiseferry operations, thereby expanding the traffic area of the new company to Norway–Denmark routes.
During the first half of the 1990s Color Line enlargened their tonnage by lengthening their existing ships by acquisition of larger second-hand ships. The company began operating fast ferries between Norway and Denmark during the summer of 1996. Initially the operations were in collaboration with SeaContainers, but were run without them from 1997 onwards. In October of the same year Color Line took over the operations of Larvik Line, their competitor in the Norway—Denmark traffic. In September 1998 Color Line acquired both the Color Hotel Skagen and Scandi Line, which operated two ferries on the short routes connecting Norway and Sweden. In the end of 1998 the Norway–United Kingdom operations were sold to Fjord Line. For the 1999 summer season the (former) Scandi Line ships received new Color Scandi Line liveries. They were fully incorporated into the Color Line fleet in 2001.
During the 2000s Color Line begun investing heavily in new tonnage, with MS Color Fantasy, MS Color Magic, MS Superspeed 1 and MS Superspeed 2 supplanting much of the older tonnage between 2004 and 2008. In April 2008 the company announced the closure of the Oslo—Hirtshals service from 6 May 2008 onwards.
In January 2017, Color Line announced that it had signed a letter of intent with the Ulstein Verft shipyard to build a new ferry with a hybrid drivetrain for the Sandefjord–Strömstad route, with delivery expected in 2019. The keel way laid in April 2018 in Poland and the ship was launched in November 2018.
Ships and routes
for Color Line
|MS Bohus||1971||1999||Sandefjord—Strömstad||8,772 GRT||ex-Prisessan Desireé, Europafärjan, Europafärjan II, Lion Princess, To be phased out in 2019|
|MS Color Viking||1985||2000||Sandefjord—Strömstad||19,763 GRT||ex-Peder Paars, Stena Invicta|
|MS Color Fantasy||2004||2004||Oslo—Kiel||75,027 GT|
|MS Color Magic||2007||2007||Oslo—Kiel||75,100 GT||Largest cruiseferry in the world|
|MS Superspeed 1||2008||2008||Kristiansand—Hirtshals||33,500 GT|
|MS Superspeed 2||2008||2008||Larvik—Hirtshals||33,500 GT|
|MS Color Carrier||1998||2019||Oslo-Kiel||12,433 GT|
|MS Color Hybrid||2019||2019||Sandefjord—Strömstad||To replace MS Bohus|
|Ship||Built||Years in service||Tonnage1||Status as of 2009|
|MS Kronprins Harald||1987||1991–2007||31,122 GRT||Since 2007 MV Oscar Wilde for Irish Ferries|
|MS Prinsesse Ragnhild||1980||1991–2008||35,855 GRT||Since 2008 MS Bahamas Celebration. In 2015 sold for scrap, Alang India.|
|MS Jupiter||1973||1991–1999||11,344 GRT||recently sold for scrap|
|MS Skagen||1975||1991–2005||12,333 GRT||Since 2005 MS Sherazad for Arab Bridge Maritime Co. In 2011 sold for scrap, Alang India.|
|MS Venus||1974||1991–1994||8,753 GRT||Since 2002 MS Cesme for Turkish Marmara Lines|
|MS Christian IV||1982||1991–2008||21,699 GT||Since 2009 MS Julia for Fastnet Line.|
|MS Color Viking||1975||1994–1998||20,581 GRT||Since 2007 MS Jupiter for Royal Group Ltd.|
|MS Color Festival||1985||1994–2008||34,694 GRT||Since 2008 MS Mega Smeralda for Corsica Ferries|
|HSC SeaCat Danmark||1991||1996||3,003 GT||Since 2006 HSC Pescara Jet for SNAV.|
|HSC SeaCat Norge||1991||1996||3,003 GT||Since 2007 HSC Snaefell for Isle of Man Steam Packet|
|MS Octagon 3||1984||1996–1997||10,243 GRT||Since 2005 MS Fast Independence for Independence Shipping Co. Ltd.|
|MS Peter Wessel||1981||1996–2008||29,706 GRT||Since 2008 MS SNAV Toscana for SNAV|
|HSC Silvia Ana L||1996||1997–2007||7,895 GRT||Since 2007 sailing for Buquebus|
|HSC Pegasus Two||1997||1997–1998||3,971 GT||Since 2007 HSC Queen Nefertiti for Arab Bridge Maritime Co.|
|MS Color Trader||1977||1998||8,454 GRT||Scrapped 2004|
|MS Feederman||1972||1998||3,166 GRT||Since 2003 MS Dorrah Jeddah, owned by an unknown Saudi Arabian company|
|MS Sandefjord||1965||1999–2000||5,678 GRT||Since 2007 MS Red Star I for Star Ferries|
|MS Landi||1976||1999||9,079 GRT||Since 2007 MS Ammari for Ustica Lines|
|MS European Mariner||1978||2002||1,598 GRT||Since 2003 sailing for P&O Ferries|
|MS Gute||1979||2003||7,616 GRT||Since 2007 laid up in Visby, owned by Rederi AB Gotland|
|MS Calibur||1976||2003||3,642 GRT||Since 2007 sails for P&O Ferries|
|MS Color Traveller||1981||2004–2006||17,046 GRT||Since 2007 MS Rostock for Scandlines|
|1May be specified in gross tonnage (GT) or gross register tons (GRT).|
- "Color Line's history". Color Line. Archived from the original on 30 June 2007. Retrieved 22 April 2008.
- Asklander, Micke. "Jahre Line". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2008.
- Asklander, Micke. "Norway Line". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 22 April 2008.
- Asklander, Micke. "M/S Olau Britannia (1982)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 22 April 2008.
- Boyle, Ian. "Color Line". Simplon Postcards. Retrieved 22 April 2008.
- Asklander, Micke. "HSC Hoverspeed Belgium (1991)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 22 April 2008.
- Asklander, Micke. "HSC Hoverspeed France (1991)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 22 April 2008.
- Boyle, Ian. "Larvik Line". Simplon Postcards. Retrieved 22 April 2008.
- Boyle, Ian. "Scandi Line". Simplon Postcards. Retrieved 22 April 2008.
- Asklander, Micke. "M/S Wellamo (1975)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 22 April 2008.
- Asklander, Micke. "Scandi Line". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 2 August 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2008.
- Asklander, Micke. "Color Line". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 26 May 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2008.
- "Color Line to focus on its engagement in cruise and transport". Color Line press release. Color Line. Archived from the original on 4 July 2007. Retrieved 2008-04-22.
- "VIDEO: Color Line inks LOI for large plug-in hybrid". Marine Log. 25 January 2017. Retrieved 26 January 2017.
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