Colorado Army National Guard
|Colorado Army National Guard|
Seal of the Army National Guard
|Country||United States of America|
|Allegiance||State of Colorado|
|Branch||Army National Guard|
|Type||ARNG Headquarters Command|
|Part of||Colorado National Guard|
|Major General H. Michael Edwards|
The Colorado Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. Nationwide, the Army National Guard comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau.
Colorado Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Colorado Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Colorado.
The Colorado Army National Guard is composed of over 3500 soldiers, maintaining 30 armories in 24 communities (as of 1999).
The following units are part of the Colorado Army National Guard:
- 169th Fires Brigade - Buckley AFB, Aurora 
- 3rd Battalion, 157th Field Artillery Regiment - Colorado Springs
- 147th Brigade Support Batallion - Boulder
- 3650th Maintenance Company - Firestone
- 540th Signal Company - Aurora
- 86th Military Intelligence Company - Aurora
- 89th Troop Command 
- 5th Bn., 19th Special Forces Group (Airborne) - Watkins
- 193rd Military Police Bn. (I/R) - Denver
- HHC 193rd Military Police - Denver
- 220th Military Police Co. - Denver
- 1157th Firefighter Co. - Colorado Springs
- 947th Engineer Co. - Montrose CO
- 2-135th General Support Aviation Bn. (GSAB) - Buckley AFB, Aurora
- HHC 2-135th GSAB
- A Co., 2-135th GSAB
- E Co., 2-135th GSAB
- Det 1, B Co. 2-135th GSAB
- Det 1, G Co. 2-135th GSAB
- 131 AVIM (Maintenance) Co.
- D Co., 3/140th Medevac Company
- 117th Space Support Bn - Colorado Springs
- HHC 117th Space Bn.
- 217th Space Co.
- 1158th Space Co.
- 1-157th Infantry Bn. - Colorado Springs
- HHC 1-157th INF - Colorado Springs
- A Co. 1-157th INF - Colorado Springs
- B Co. 1-157th INF - Ft Lupton
- C Co. 1-157th INF - Grand Junction
- D Co. 1-157th INF (Weapons Co.) - Alamosa
- 1157th Forward Support Co. - Windsor
- Special Operations Detachment – Korea (SOD-K) - Buckley AFB, Aurora, CO
- 168th Regiment, Regional Training Institute (RTI)
- Centennial Training Site (CTS)
- Basic Leader Course
- 100th Missile Defense Brigade (Ground-Based Midcourse Defense) Colorado Springs, CO
- Colorado Army National Guard Medical Command - Buckley AFB, Aurora, CO
- 928th Area Support Medical Company - Colorado Springs, CO
- Joint Forces Headquarters - Centennial, CO
- 101st Army Band
- 104th Public Affairs Detachment
- 891 Trial Defense Team
- 8th Civil Support Team
National Guard units can be mobilized at any time by presidential order to supplement regular armed forces, and upon declaration of a state of emergency by the governor of the state in which they serve. Unlike Army Reserve members, National Guard members cannot be mobilized individually (except through voluntary transfers and Temporary Duty Assignments TDY), but only as part of their respective units. However, there has been a significant amount of individual activations to support military operations (2001-?); the legality of this policy is a major issue within the National Guard.
Active Duty Callups
For much of the final decades of the twentieth century, National Guard personnel typically served "One weekend a month, two weeks a year", with a portion working for the Guard in a full-time capacity. The current forces formation plans of the US Army call for the typical National Guard unit (or National Guardsman) to serve one year of active duty for every three years of service. More specifically, current Department of Defense policy is that no Guardsman will be involuntarily activated for a total of more than 24 months (cumulative) in one six-year enlistment period (this policy is due to change 1 August 2007, the new policy states that soldiers will be given 24 months between deployments of no more than 24 months, individual states have differing policies).
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The Colorado Volunteer Militia, predecessor of the Colorado Army National Guard, was originally formed in 1860. The Militia Act of 1903 organized the various state militias into the present National Guard system. In 1914 in Ludlow, Colorado a unit of the guard was deployed during a strike by coal miners, but the sympathies of the militia leaders allied with company management resulted in the deaths of 20 people. Originally Colorado was a part of the CONUS regional command, called the Southern Department. This was later redesignated, in 1920, as Eighth Corps area. with headquarters at Fort Sam Houston Texas. In 1941 Colorado was transferred to the new Central Defense Command.
Approximately 300 Colorado ARNG soldiers deployed to Iraq with the 36th Combat Aviation Brigade in September 2006.
- 1st Colorado Infantry
- 137th Field Artillery Battalion (United States)
- 142nd Field Artillery Battalion (United States)
- 144th Field Artillery Battalion (United States)
- 168th Field Artillery Battalion (United States)
- 169th Field Artillery Battalion (Colorado)
- 183rd Field Artillery Battalion (Colorado)
- 193rd Tank Battalion (United states)
- 140th Signal Battalion (United States)
- 188th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion (United States)
- 199th Engineer Battalion (United States)
- 928th Medical Company (Cortez, Colorado)
- order of battle 
- Bibliography of Colorado Army National Guard History compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History
- The 168th Regiment, Regional Training Institute (RTI) Homepage (Secure Site)
- The Centennial Training Site (CTS) Homepage (Secure Site)
- Stories on DVIDS of the Colorado National Guard
-  Colorado command
- loveland Armory- http://www.ci.loveland.co.us/cultural_services/cultural_services_museum_historic_loveland%20v2.htm