Colorado Army National Guard

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Colorado Army National Guard
Colorado Army National Guard seal.png
Seal of the Colorado Army National Guard
Founded1903
Country United States
AllegianceColorado State of Colorado
TypeARNG Headquarters Command
Part ofColorado National Guard
Garrison/HQCentennial, Colorado
Commanders
Current
commander
Brigadier General Laura Clellan
Insignia
Distinctive Unit InsigniaCo arng.png

The Colorado Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army, United States National Guard, and Colorado National Guard. Nationwide, the Army National Guard comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau.

Colorado Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Colorado Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Colorado.

The Colorado Army National Guard is composed of over 3500 soldiers, maintaining 30 armories in 24 communities (as of 1999).

Units[edit]

A Colorado Army National Guard crew chief conducts preflight checks on a UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter during a blizzard response exercise
Sgt. Shawn Ludolph of the Colorado Army National Guard connecting fire hoses together during a training exercise
Colorado Army National Guardsmen assisting law enforcement in providing security for evacuated homes during a forest fire

The following units are part of the Colorado Army National Guard:

  • 169th Field Artillery Brigade – Buckley AFB, Aurora[1]
    • 3rd Battalion, 157th Field Artillery Regiment – Colorado Springs
      • Headquarters and Headquarters Battery – Colorado Springs
      • Battery A – Longmont
      • Battery B – Aurora
    • 147th Brigade Support Battalion – Fort Collins
      • 3650th Maintenance Company – Firestone
      • 928th Medical Company (Area Support) – Fort Carson
    • 540th Signal Company – Aurora
    • 86th Military Intelligence Company – Aurora
  • 89th Troop Command[2]
    • 5th Battalion, 19th Special Forces Group (Airborne) – Watkins
    • 193d Military Police Battalion (I/R) – Denver
      • HHC – Denver
      • 220th Military Police Company – Denver
      • 947th Engineer Company – Montrose
      • 1157th Engineer Detachment (Firefighting) – Colorado Springs (inactivation ceremony held on 13 Sep 2019)[3]
  • 2d Battalion (General Support), 135th Aviation Regiment – Buckley AFB, Aurora[4]
  • 131st Maintenance Company (Avionics)[5]
  • Company D (Medical Evacuation), 3rd Battalion, 140th Aviation Regiment[citation needed]
  • 117th Space Support Battalion – Colorado Springs
    • HHC
    • 217th Space Company
    • 1158th Space Company
  • 1st Battalion, 157th Infantry Regiment – Colorado Springs
    • HHC – Colorado Springs
    • Company A – Colorado Springs
    • Company B – Fort Lupton
    • Company C – Grand Junction
    • Company D (Weapons Company) – Alamosa
    • Forward Support Company – Windsor
  • Special Operations Detachment – Korea (SOD-K) – Buckley AFB, Aurora, CO
  • 168th Regiment, Regional Training Institute (RTI)
    • Centennial Training Site (CTS)
    • Basic Leader Course
  • 100th Missile Defense Brigade (Ground-Based Midcourse Defense)[6] Colorado Springs, CO
  • Colorado Army National Guard Medical Command – Buckley AFB, Aurora, CO
  • Colorado National Guard Mobilization/Augmentation Element NORAD-USNORTHCOM
  • Joint Forces Headquarters – Centennial, CO
    • 101st Army Band
    • 104th Public Affairs Detachment
    • 891st Trial Defense Team
    • 8th Civil Support Team[7]

Duties[edit]

National Guard units can be mobilized at any time by presidential order to supplement regular armed forces, and upon declaration of a state of emergency by the governor of the state in which they serve. Unlike Army Reserve members, National Guard members cannot be mobilized individually (except through voluntary transfers and Temporary Duty Assignments TDY), but only as part of their respective units. However, there has been a significant number of individual activations to support military operations (2001–?); the legality of this policy is a major issue within the National Guard.[citation needed]

Active Duty Callups[edit]

For much of the final decades of the twentieth century, National Guard personnel typically served "One weekend a month, two weeks a year", with a portion working for the Guard in a full-time capacity. The current forces formation plans of the US Army call for the typical National Guard unit (or National Guardsman) to serve one year of active duty for every three years of service. More specifically, current Department of Defense policy is that no Guardsman will be involuntarily activated for a total of more than 24 months (cumulative) in one six-year enlistment period (this policy is due to change 1 August 2007, the new policy states that soldiers will be given 24 months between deployments of no more than 24 months, individual states have differing policies).[citation needed]

History[edit]

The Colorado Volunteer Militia, predecessor of the Colorado Army National Guard, was originally formed in 1860. The Militia Act of 1903 organized the various state militias into the present National Guard system.[citation needed]

The Colorado National Guard was involved in the suppression of multiple strikes, including the 1903–1904 Cripple Creek Strike while under the command of General John Chase. During the 1913–1914 United Mine Workers of America strike against the Rockefeller-owned Colorado Fuel and Iron company–an event known as the Colorado Coalfield War–the Guard was deployed in October 1913, again under the command of Chase.[8] The Guard was involved in several violent encounters prior to the 20 April 1914 Ludlow Massacre, in which over a dozen women and children were killed when Guardsmen fired into a tent camp at Ludlow. Following the massacre, the Guard battled strikers throughout Southern Colorado during a 10-Day War.[9]

Originally Colorado was a part of the Southern Department. This was later redesignated, in 1920, as Eighth Corps Area, with headquarters at Fort Sam Houston Texas. In 1941 Colorado was transferred to the new Central Defense Command.

Approximately 300 Colorado ARNG soldiers deployed to Iraq with the 36th Combat Aviation Brigade in September 2006.

On 20 October 2007 the Guard's provisional 193rd Space Battalion became a permanent-status unit, the 117th Space Battalion.[10]

On September 25, 2010, the 1st Battalion, 157th Infantry Regiment was reestablished.[11] By 2018-19, it had become part of the Vermont-based 86th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, consisting of three National Guard mountain battalions.

The Colorado Army National Guard was deployed to Washington, D.C. to avoid another violent riot similar to the one on January 6, when supporters of outgoing President Donald Trump stormed the U.S. Capitol where one Capitol police officer was killed.[12]

Historic units[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ co.ng.mil/ARMY/Pages/169FIRES.aspx
  2. ^ co.ng.mil/ARMY/Pages/89TC.aspx
  3. ^ https://co.ng.mil/News/Archives/Article/1958651/colorado-national-guard-firefighting-unit-deactivates/
  4. ^ "2–135th Ground Support Aviation Battalion (GSAB)". Colorado National Guard. 18 December 2016.
  5. ^ "131 Avionics Maintenance Company". Colorado National Guard. 18 December 2016.
  6. ^ co.ng.mil/ARMY/Pages/100GMD.aspx
  7. ^ https://www.facebook.com/8th-Civil-Support-Team-WMD-478293179023004/
  8. ^ McGovern, George; Guttridge, Leonard. The Great Coalfield War. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1972. 141 p.
  9. ^ McGovern & Guttridge, 213.
  10. ^ Kenney, Laura D. (25 October 2007). "117th Space Battalion's new colors flown on shuttle Atlantis". Peterson Air Force Base. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  11. ^ https://co.ng.mil/News/Archives/Article/1639878/passing-of-the-infantry-torch/, Adam Morgan, May 30, 2015.
  12. ^ https://denver.cbslocal.com/2021/01/17/police-national-guard-washington-inauguration/
  • order of battle [1]

External links[edit]