Colorado City, Texas

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Colorado City, Texas
Downtown Colorado City
Downtown Colorado City
Location of Colorado City, Texas
Location of Colorado City, Texas
Mitchell County ColoradoCity.svg
Coordinates: 32°23′46″N 100°51′44″W / 32.39611°N 100.86222°W / 32.39611; -100.86222Coordinates: 32°23′46″N 100°51′44″W / 32.39611°N 100.86222°W / 32.39611; -100.86222
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyMitchell
Government
 • MayorTravis Lynch[1]
Area
 • Total5.33 sq mi (13.81 km2)
 • Land5.33 sq mi (13.81 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
2,067 ft (630 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total3,991
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
3,857
 • Density750/sq mi (290/km2)
 • Demonym
Colorado Citian
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Code
79512
Area code325
FIPS code48-16120[4]
GNIS feature ID1333141[5]
Websitewww.coloradocitytexas.org

Colorado City (/ˌkɒləˈrdə/ KOL-ə-RAY-də)[6] is a city in and the county seat of Mitchell County, Texas, United States.[7] Its population was 3,991 at the 2020 census.

History[edit]

Colorado City originated as a ranger camp in 1877. It grew into a cattlemen's center and has been called "the Mother City of West Texas". The town acquired a railway station and post office in 1881 and was named the county seat. In the early 1880s it was a center for cattle shipment, with herds driven to Colorado City and loaded onto trains for shipment to the eastern markets. The population was estimated at 6,000 in 1884–1885, but dropped to 2,500 by 1890 after a drought, and dropped further with the growth of nearby San Angelo.

The first school was conducted in a dugout in 1881 and moved to a building the next year. During the late 19th and 20th century, economic activity centered successively on salt mining, then farming, then oil production. By 1910 the town had a new public school, a waterworks, and an electric plant. A city hall was built by 1926.[8]

An oil refinery began operation in 1924 and closed in 1969. Other industries included a meat-packing operation and a mobile home factory.[8]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.3 sq mi (14 km2), all land. Colorado City is situated along the Colorado River to the west and Lone Wolf Creek to the east.

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification, Colorado City has a semiarid climate, BSk on climate maps.[9]

Climate data for Colorado City 1981–2010, extremes 1898–2009
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 91
(33)
99
(37)
98
(37)
101
(38)
110
(43)
115
(46)
112
(44)
110
(43)
107
(42)
103
(39)
91
(33)
89
(32)
115
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 57.1
(13.9)
61.6
(16.4)
69.8
(21.0)
79.7
(26.5)
86.6
(30.3)
91.9
(33.3)
95.0
(35.0)
94.7
(34.8)
87.3
(30.7)
78.4
(25.8)
68.2
(20.1)
57.5
(14.2)
77.3
(25.2)
Average low °F (°C) 28.3
(−2.1)
31.5
(−0.3)
40.1
(4.5)
47.6
(8.7)
58.6
(14.8)
65.6
(18.7)
69.5
(20.8)
68.1
(20.1)
60.6
(15.9)
50.2
(10.1)
37.0
(2.8)
28.2
(−2.1)
48.8
(9.3)
Record low °F (°C) −7
(−22)
−1
(−18)
8
(−13)
23
(−5)
27
(−3)
42
(6)
51
(11)
51
(11)
33
(1)
22
(−6)
3
(−16)
2
(−17)
−7
(−22)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.91
(23)
1.54
(39)
1.47
(37)
1.31
(33)
1.13
(29)
3.49
(89)
1.39
(35)
2.11
(54)
2.31
(59)
2.54
(65)
1.01
(26)
1.11
(28)
20.32
(517)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.7
(1.8)
0.6
(1.5)
0.3
(0.76)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.3
(0.76)
0.5
(1.3)
2.4
(6.12)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 3 4 4 4 6 5 4 5 5 5 3 3 51
Source: WRCC for Colorado City

http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?tx1903

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18901,582
19101,840
19201,766−4.0%
19304,671164.5%
19405,21311.6%
19506,77429.9%
19606,457−4.7%
19705,227−19.0%
19805,4053.4%
19904,749−12.1%
20004,281−9.9%
20104,146−3.2%
2019 (est.)3,857[3]−7.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2020 census[edit]

Colorado City racial composition[11]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 1,794 44.95%
Black or African American (NH) 210 5.26%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 20 0.5%
Asian (NH) 43 1.08%
Some Other Race (NH) 6 0.15%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 103 2.58%
Hispanic or Latino 1,815 45.48%
Total 3,991

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,991 people, 1,494 households, and 728 families residing in the city.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, 4,146 people, 1,646 households, and 1,124 families resided in the city. The population density was 809.2 people per square mile (312.5/km2). There were 2,076 housing units at an average density of 392.4 per square mile (151.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.71% White, 5.09% African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 14.62% from other races, and 2.59% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 36.25% of the population.

Of the 1,646 households, 34.2% had children under 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were not families. About 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the city, the age distribution was 28.5% under 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.7% who were 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,842, and for a family was $27,363. Males had a median income of $22,272 versus $20,037 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,591. About 18.7% of families and 20.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.2% of those under age 18 and 23.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Colorado City is served by the Colorado Independent School District.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Welcome to Colorado City, TX". Colorado City. Archived from the original on March 27, 2020. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 17, 2020. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Archived from the original on July 26, 2019. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on March 20, 2010. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "Town Pronunciation Guide" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 26, 2016. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  8. ^ a b Hunt, William R. "Colorado City, TX (Mitchell County)". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  9. ^ "Climate Summary for Colorado City, Texas". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  12. ^ http://www.census.gov[not specific enough to verify]
  13. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  14. ^ "Clint Formby obituary". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. Archived from the original on October 2, 2012. Retrieved August 4, 2010.
  15. ^ "Don Maynard Bio | Pro Football Hall of Fame Official Site". Archived from the original on December 6, 2017. Retrieved December 5, 2017.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[12][13]

External links[edit]