Colorado Party (Paraguay)

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National Republican Association – Colorado Party

Asociación Nacional Republicana – Partido Colorado
PresidentHércules Pedro Lorenzo Alliana Rodríguez
FounderBernardino Caballero
FoundedSeptember 11, 1887; 131 years ago (1887-09-11)
Headquarters25 de Mayo N° 842 c/ Tacuary, Asunción
IdeologyConservatism
National conservatism
Economic liberalism
Political positionRight-wing
Regional affiliationUnion of Latin American Parties
International affiliationInternational Democrat Union
Colours         Red, white
Chamber of Deputies
46 / 80
Senate
20 / 45
Party flag
Bandera Partido Colorado de Paraguay.svg
Website
www.anr.org.py

The National Republican Association – Colorado Party (Spanish: Asociación Nacional Republicana – Partido Colorado, ANR-PC) is a right-wing political party in Paraguay, founded on September 11, 1887, by Bernardino Caballero. The presidential candidate of the party was defeated in elections held in April 2008 after 61 years in power, but the party regained the presidency in the 2013 presidential election.

History[edit]

1887–1989[edit]

It initially ruled the country from 1887 until 1904. In 1946, it rejoined the government, together with the Febreristas, during Higinio Moríñigo's rule as President of Paraguay.

From 1947 until 1962, the Colorado Party ruled Paraguay as a one-party state; all other political parties were illegal.[1] In 1962, all national parties were nominally legalized; the Communist Party being deemed "international" remained illegal and its adherents repressed by the Paraguayan state. During the rule of Alfredo Stroessner all members of the armed forces and government employees were required to be members of the Colorado Party. In the late 1980s, there was a rift in the party between a hardliner faction and a traditionalist faction. This rift was primarily over the issue of Stroessner's succession and was a large contributor to the 1989 coup d'état led by General Andrés Rodríguez, himself a traditionalist.[2]

In practice, however, Paraguay remained a one-party military dictatorship until the overthrow of longtime president Alfredo Stroessner in 1989. It served as one of the "twin pillars" of Stroessner's 35-year rule, one of the longest in history by a non-royal leader.[3]

Since 1989[edit]

In 2002 the National Union of Ethical Citizens split from the party.

At the legislative elections of April 27, 2003, the party won 35.3% of the popular vote (37 out of 80 seats) in the Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay and 32.9% (16 out of 45 seats) in the Senate. Its candidate at the presidential elections on the same day, Nicanor Duarte, won 37.1% of the popular vote and was elected President of Paraguay.

Originally, the Colorado Party was conservative, representing those opposed to the Liberal Party.

On April 20, 2008, for the first time in 61 years, the Colorado Party lost the presidential elections to an opposition candidate from the center-left, Fernando Lugo, a Roman Catholic bishop, a first on both accounts (free election of an opposition candidate and of a bishop to the office of president in Paraguay). The Colorado Party was represented in these elections by Blanca Ovelar, the first woman to run for the presidency. Fernando Lugo, who had resigned his bishophood and priesthood before the elections so that he could become eligible under Paraguayan law, was formally released of his vows by the Vatican before his installation as president on August 15, 2008.

According to Antonio Soljancic, a social scientist at the Autonomous University of Asunción, "in order to get a job you had to show you were a party member. The problem Paraguay has is that, although Stroessner disappeared from the political map, he left a legacy that no one has tried to bury".[4]

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
1953 Federico Chávez 224,788 100% Elected Green tickY
1954 Alfredo Stroessner 236,191 100% Elected Green tickY
1958 Alfredo Stroessner 295,414 100% Elected Green tickY
1963 Alfredo Stroessner 569,551 92.3% Elected Green tickY
1968 Alfredo Stroessner 465,535 71.6% Elected Green tickY
1973 Alfredo Stroessner 681,306 84.7% Elected Green tickY
1978 Alfredo Stroessner 905,461 90.8% Elected Green tickY
1983 Alfredo Stroessner 944,637 91.0% Elected Green tickY
1988 Alfredo Stroessner 1,187,738 89.6% Elected Green tickY
1989 Andrés Rodríguez 882,957 76.59% Elected Green tickY
1993 Juan Carlos Wasmosy 449,505 41.78% Elected Green tickY
1998 Raúl Cubas Grau 887,196 55.35% Elected Green tickY
2003 Nicanor Duarte 574,232 38.30% Elected Green tickY
2008 Blanca Ovelar 573,995 31.75% Lost Red XN
2013 Horacio Cartes 1,104,169 48.48% Elected Green tickY
2018 Mario Abdo Benítez 1,206,067 48.96% Elected Green tickY

Vice presidential election[edit]

Election date Party candidate Votes % Result
2000 Félix Argaña 587,498 48.8% Lost Red XN

Chamber of Deputies elections[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election Votes % Seats +/–
1960 Not released Not released
60 / 60
Increase 60
1963 569,551 92.3%
40 / 60
Decrease 20
1968 465,535 71.6%
40 / 60
Steady
1973 681,306 84.7%
40 / 60
Steady
1978 905,461 90.7%
40 / 60
Steady
1983 944,637 91.0%
40 / 60
Steady
1988 1,187,738 89.6%
40 / 60
Steady
1989 845,820 74.5%
40 / 72
Steady
1993 488,342 43.4%
38 / 80
Decrease 2
1998 857,473 53.8%
45 / 80
Increase 7
2003 520,761 35.3%
37 / 80
Decrease 8
2008 582,932 32.96%
30 / 80
Decrease 7
2013 919,625 40.99%
44 / 80
Increase 14
2018 927,183 39.10%
42 / 80
Decrease 2

Senate elections[edit]

Senate
Election Votes % Seats +/–
1968 Not released Not released
20 / 30
Increase 20
1973 681,306 84.7%
20 / 30
Steady
1978 Not released Not released
20 / 30
Steady
1983 Not released Not released
20 / 30
Steady
1988 Not released Not released
20 / 30
Steady
1993 498,586 44.0%
20 / 45
Steady
1998 813,287 51.7%
24 / 45
Increase 4
2003 508,506 34.4%
16 / 45
Decrease 8
2008 509,907 29.07%
15 / 45
Decrease 1
2013 865,206 38.50%
19 / 45
Increase 4
2018 766,841 32.52%
17 / 45
Decrease 2

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Paraguay: Opposition Parties". Library of Congress Country Studies. Archived from the original on 9 January 2009.
  2. ^ Paraguay: Potential Successors to Stroessner
  3. ^ "Paraguay: The Twin Pillars of the Stroessner Regime". Library of Congress Country Studies. Archived from the original on 9 January 2009.
  4. ^ "Horacio Cartes: Millionaire. Criminal. Business titan. Homophobe. The next president of Paraguay?". The Independent. 19 April 2013.

External links[edit]