Colorado Party (Uruguay)

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Colorado Party

Partido Colorado
General SecretaryJulio María Sanguinetti
FounderFructuoso Rivera
Founded17 September 1836; 184 years ago (1836-09-17)
HeadquartersMartínez Trueba 1271, Montevideo
IdeologyLiberalism[1]
Social liberalism[2]
Batllism[3]
Political positionCentre[4][5][6]
Regional affiliationCOPPPAL[7]
Colors    Red, yellow
Chamber of Deputies
13 / 99
Senate
4 / 30
Party flag
Flag of Colorado Party (Uruguay).svg
Website
www.partidocolorado.com.uy

The Colorado Party (Spanish: Partido Colorado, lit. "The Red Party") is a centrist political party in Uruguay.

Ideology[edit]

The party seeks to unite moderate and liberal groups, although its members have had a diverse set of ideologies since its foundation, including Krausism, social democracy, and liberal conservatism, as well as general pragmatism. It was the dominant party of government almost without exception during the stabilization of the Uruguayan republic.

History[edit]

At the 2004 national elections, the Colorado Party won 10 seats out of 99 in the Chamber of Representatives and 3 seats out of 31 in the Senate. Its presidential candidate, Guillermo Stirling, won 10.4% of the popular vote.

Earlier history[edit]

The Colorado Party was founded in Montevideo, Uruguay, on 17 September 1836.

Some of its major historical leaders were Fructuoso Rivera, Venancio Flores, José Batlle y Ordóñez, Luis Batlle Berres, Jorge Pacheco Areco, Juan María Bordaberry, Julio María Sanguinetti and Jorge Batlle.

The party has historically been the most elected party in Uruguayan history with almost uninterrupted dominance during the 20th century. The Colorados were in office from 1865 to 1959, when they were defeated by the Partido Nacional in the 1958 elections. They returned to office after the 1966 elections. They won the first elections at the end of the military dictatorship, in 1984. They went on to win the 1994 and 1999 elections.

Traditional rivals[edit]

From its birth until the last decades of the 20th century its traditional rival was the conservative Partido Nacional (also called Partido Blanco).

Post 2004: defeat at polls and rise of Pedro Bordaberry Herrán[edit]

The Colorado Party suffered its worst defeat ever in the 2004 national elections, with little over 10 per cent of the popular vote for its presidential candidate Guillermo Stirling, and having only three out of thirty national Senators. Reasons for the party's weak results were many, but these include the economic crisis and old party leaders.

Subsequently, to his defeat in 2004, Guillermo Stirling endorsed Pedro Bordaberry Herrán's Vamos Uruguay movement. Bordaberry Herrán became the presidential candidate for the 2009 presidential election, and placed third, with 17 percent of the vote, behind José Mujica and Luis Alberto Lacalle. Bordaberry Herrán placed third again in the 2014 presidential election, with 13% of the vote.

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election Party candidate Running mate Votes % Votes % Result
First Round Second Round
Elections under the Ley de Lemas system
1938 Alfredo Baldomir César Charlone 121,259 33.9% - - Elected Green tickY
Eduardo Blanco Acevedo Martínez Thedy 97,998 27.4% - - Lost Red XN
Lema 54 0.0% - -
Total votes 219,311 61.4% - -
1942 Juan José de Amézaga Alberto Guani 234,127 40.7% - - Elected Green tickY
Eduardo Blanco Acevedo Carlos Vilaró Rubio 74,767 13.0% - - Lost Red XN
Williman Mermot 670 0.1% - -
Lema 66 0.0% - -
Total votes 309,630 57.2% - -
1946 Tomás Berreta Luis Batlle Berres 185,715 28.6% - - Elected Green tickY
Rafael Schiaffino Daniel Castellanos 83,534 12.9% - - Lost Red XN
Alfredo Baldomir Juan Carlos Mussio Fournier 40,875 6.3% - -
Lema 372 0.0% - -
Total votes 310,496 47.8% - -
1950 Andrés Martínez Trueba Alfeo Brum 161,262 19.6% - - Elected Green tickY
César Mayo Gutiérrez Lorenzo Batlle Pacheco 150,930 18.3% - - Lost Red XN
Eduardo Blanco Acevedo Cyro Giambruno 120,949 14.7% - -
Lema 313 0.0% - -
Total votes 433,454 52.6% - -
1966 Óscar Diego Gestido Jorge Pacheco Areco 262,040 21.3% - - Elected Green tickY
Jorge Batlle Julio Lacarte Muró 215,642 17.5% - - Lost Red XN
Amílcar Vasconcellos Renán Rodríguez 77,476 6.3% - -
Zelmar Michelini Aquiles Lanza 48,992 4.0% - -
Justino Jiménez de Aréchaga Nilo Berschesi 4,064 0.0% - -
Lema 389 0.0% - -
Total votes 607,633 49.3% - -
1971 Juan María Bordaberry Jorge Sapelli 379,515 22.8% - - Elected Green tickY
Jorge Batlle Renán Rodríguez 242,804 14.6% - - Lost Red XN
Amílcar Vasconcellos Manuel Flores Mora 48,844 2.9% - -
Juan Luis Pintos Torialli 5,402 0.3% - -
Juan Pedro Ribas Gorlero 4,025 0.2% - -
Lema 604 0.0% - -
Total votes 681,624 41.0% - -
1984 Julio María Sanguinetti Enrique Tarigo 588,143 31.2% - - Elected Green tickY
Jorge Pacheco Areco Carlos Pirán 183,588 9.7% - - Lost Red XN
Lema 5,970 0.3% - -
Total votes 777,701 41.2% - -
1989 Jorge Batlle Jorge Sanguinetti 291,944 14.20% - - Lost Red XN
Jorge Pacheco Areco Pablo Millor 289,222 14.06% - -
Hugo Fernández Faingold Enrique Vispo 14,482 0.70% - -
Lema 1,316 0.06% - -
Total votes 596,964 29.03% - -
1994 Julio María Sanguinetti Hugo Batalla 500,760 24.7% - - Elected Green tickY
Jorge Batlle Federico Bouza 102,551 5.1% - - Lost Red XN
Jorge Pacheco Areco Eduardo Ache 51,935 2.6% - -
Total votes 656,426 32.3% - -
Elections under single presidential candidate per party
1999 Jorge Batlle Luis Antonio Hierro López 703,915 32.8% 1,158,708 54.1% Elected Green tickY
2004 Guillermo Stirling Tabaré Viera 231,036 10.36% - - Lost Red XN
2009 Pedro Bordaberry Hugo de León 392,307 17.02% - - Lost Red XN
2014 Pedro Bordaberry Germán Coutinho 305,699 12.89% - - Lost Red XN
2019 Ernesto Talvi Robert Silva 300,177 12.80% - - Lost Red XN

Chamber of Deputies and Senate elections[edit]

Election Votes % Chamber seats +/– Position Senate seats +/- Position
1916 60,420 41.2%
87 / 218
Increase 87 Increase 2nd
1917 63,617 49.4% Unknown Increase 1st
1919 Ran as various factions, see 1919 Uruguayan parliamentary election
1922 Ran as various factions, see 1922 Uruguayan parliamentary election
1925 Ran as various factions, see 1925 Uruguayan parliamentary election
1928 Ran as various factions, see 1928 Uruguayan general election
1931 Ran as various factions, see 1931 Uruguayan parliamentary election
1933 Ran as various factions, see 1933 Uruguayan Constitutional Assembly election
1934 139,832 56.1%
55 / 99
Decrease 5 Steady 1st
15 / 30
Increase 15 Steady 1st
Senate 125,981 57.0%
1938 219,362 58.4%
64 / 99
Increase 9 Steady 1st
15 / 30
Steady 0 Steady 1st
Senate 219,375 60.6%
1942 328,596 57.1%
58 / 99
Decrease 6 Steady 1st
19 / 30
Increase 4 Steady 1st
Senate 328,599 57.2%
1946 310,556 46.3%
47 / 99
Decrease 11 Steady 1st
15 / 30
Decrease 4 Steady 1st
Senate 310,390 46.3%
1950 433,628 52.3%
53 / 99
Increase 6 Steady 1st
17 / 30
Increase 2 Steady 1st
Senate 433,440 52.9%
1954 444,429 50.6%
51 / 99
Decrease 2 Steady 1st
17 / 31
Steady 0 Steady 1st
1958 379,062 37.7%
38 / 99
Decrease 13 Decrease 2nd
12 / 31
Decrease 5 Decrease 2nd
1962 521,231 44.5%
44 / 99
Increase 6 Steady 2nd
14 / 31
Increase 2 Steady 2nd
1966 607,633 49.3%
50 / 99
Increase 6 Increase 1st
16 / 30
Increase 2 Decrease 2nd
1971 681,624 41.0%
41 / 99
Decrease 9 Steady 1st
13 / 30
Decrease 3 Steady 1st
1984 777,701 41.2%
41 / 99
Steady 0 Steady 1st
13 / 30
Steady 0 Steady 1st
1989 596,964 29.03%
30 / 99
Decrease 11 Decrease 2nd
9 / 30
Decrease 4 Decrease 2nd
1994 656,426 32.3%
32 / 99
Increase 2 Increase 1st
11 / 31
Increase 2 Increase 1st
1999 703,915 32.8%
33 / 99
Increase 1 Decrease 2nd
10 / 30
Decrease 1 Decrease 2nd
2004 231,036 10.36%
10 / 99
Decrease 23 Decrease 3rd
3 / 30
Decrease 7 Decrease 3rd
2009 392,307 17.02%
17 / 99
Increase 7 Steady 3rd
5 / 30
Increase 2 Steady 3rd
2014 305,699 12.89%
13 / 99
Decrease 4 Steady 3rd
4 / 30
Decrease 2 Steady 3rd
2019 300,177 12.80%
13 / 99
Steady 0 Steady 3rd
4 / 30
Steady 0 Steady 3rd

National Council of Administration and National Council of Government elections[edit]

Election Votes % Council seats +/- Position
1925 Ran as various factions, see 1925 Uruguayan parliamentary election
1926 Ran as various factions, see 1926 Uruguayan general election
1928 Ran as various factions, see 1928 Uruguayan general election
1930 165,069 52.1% Unknown 1st
1932 107,664 67.0% Unknown Steady 1st
Abolished in 1933, reestablished as National Council of Government
1954 444,429 50.6%
6 / 9
Increase 6 1st
1958 379,062 37.7%
3 / 9
Decrease 3 Decrease 2nd
1962 545,029 521,231
3 / 9
Steady Steady 2nd
National Council abolished in 1966, presidential system reestablished

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Claps, Manuel Arturo; Lamas, Mario Daniel (1999). El batllismo como ideología. Cal y Canto.
  2. ^ Giudici, Roberto B.; González Conci, Efraín (1959). Batlle Y El Batllismo. Medina.
  3. ^ Nahum, Benjamín; Barrán, José Pedro (1982). El nacimiento del batllismo. Ediciones de la Banda Oriental.
  4. ^ http://partidocolorado.uy/ideas-y-valores/
  5. ^ Moreira, Constanza (2004). Final de juego: del bipartidismo tradicional al triunfo de la izquierda en Uruguay. Ediciones Trilce. p. 167. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  6. ^ Caetano, Gerardo; Lanzaro, Jorge Luis (2000). La "segunda" transición en el Uruguay: gobierno y partidos en un tiempo de reformas. Comisión Sectorial de Investigación Científica. p. 381. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  7. ^ "Países y Partidos Miembros de la COPPPAL – Copppal".