Colors are the insignia, or "patches", worn by motorcycle club members on cut-off vests to identify membership of their club and territorial location. Club patches have been worn by many different groups since the 1960s. They are regarded by many to symbolize an elite amongst motorcyclists and the style has been widely copied by other subcultures and commercialized.
Colors are considered to represent "significant markers of the socialization" of new members to clubs, rank and present a dominant symbol of identity and are marked with related symbolism. They can be embroidered patches sewn onto clothing or stenciled in paint, the primary symbol being the back patch of the club's insignia or logo and generally remain the property of the club. Wearing such clothing is referred to as "flying one's colors". The term has its roots in military history, originating with regimental colours.
Colors identify the rank of members within clubs from new members, to "prospects" to full members known as "patch-holders", and usually consist of a top and bottom circumferential badge called a rocker, due to the curved shape, with the top rocker stating the club name, the bottom rocker stating the location or territory, and a central logo of the club's insignia, with a fourth, smaller badge carrying the initials "MC" standing for "motorcycle club".
The badges are used to create a social bond and boundaries and, generally, belong to the clubs involved rather than the individual wearing them. The wearing of them can often lead individuals to be refused service at related businesses and bars, and some biker bars have a "no colors" policy, to reduce conflict. Claiming territory by wearing a bottom rocker can lead to violent conflict with a rival club, such as in the 2015 Waco shootout, which was partially caused by a club wearing a "Texas" bottom rocker.
Many motorcyclists wearing colors are from "family oriented" motorcycling clubs chartered by the American Motorcyclist Association and wear one-piece patches to differentiate themselves from three piece patches of outlaw bikers. These generally do not state a territorial location. The motorcycle manufacturer Harley-Davidson notably adopted the style in its branding and community-building effort, the Harley Owners Group.
Law and order colors and/or insignia
As with outlaw motorcycle clubs visual identification of a member of a club is indicated by a specific large club patch or set of patches usually located in the middle of the back of a vest or jacket. The patches may contain a club logo, the name of the club and other chapter identification.
In most motorcycle clubs the patch representing membership in the organization is often referred to as "the club colors" or simply "the colors". Each club has rules on how the colors are treated and when it is proper to wear them. Well structured clubs have bylaws dictating the behavior of its members and thus the proper use of their colors.
- Ferrell, Jeff; Sanders, Clinton R. (1995). Cultural Criminology. Northeastern University Press. ISBN 978-1-55553-236-9.
- Rollin, Bernard E.; Gray, Carolyn M.; Mommer, Kerri; Pineo, Cynthia, eds. (2006). Harley-Davidson and Philosophy: Full-Throttle Aristotle. Popular Culture and Philosophy. 18. Open Court. ISBN 978-0-8126-9589-2.
- Schouten, John W.; McAlexander, James H. (June 1995). "Subcultures of Consumption: An Ethnography of the New Biker". Journal of Consumer Research. 22 (1): 43–61. doi:10.1086/209434. JSTOR 2489699.
- Thompson, Steven L. (January 2000). "The Arts of the Motorcycle: Biology, Culture, and Aesthetics in Technological Choice". Technology and Culture. 41 (1): 99–115. doi:10.1353/tech.2000.0040.
- Quinn, James F.; Forsyth, Craig J. (February 2009). "Leathers and Rolexs: The Symbolism and Values of the Motorcycle Club". Deviant Behavior. 30 (3): 235–265. doi:10.1080/01639620802168700.
- Møller, J. Ørstrøm (2000). The End of Internationalism: Or World Governance?. Praeger. ISBN 0-275-96701-8.
- Ebert, Dave (2010). Bikers. Xlibris. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-4535-0536-6.
- Dulaney, William Lee (2006). Over the Edge and into the Abyss: The Communication of Organizational Identity in an Outlaw Motorcycle Club (PhD). Florida State University.
- Eiserer, Tanya (18 May 2015). "Bulletin warned of potential 'war' between rival biker gangs". WFAA. Dallas. Archived from the original on 19 January 2016. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
- Smedman, Lisa (2007). From Boneshakers to Choppers: The Rip-Roaring History of Motorcycles. Annick Press. pp. 57–60. ISBN 978-1-55451-016-0.
- "Amicitia Ad Vitum Motorcycle Club". Amicitia.co.za. Archived from the original on 9 August 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- "Gang Prevention". Will County State's Attorney. Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
- Media related to Motorcycle club colors at Wikimedia Commons