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Colquhounia coccinea 1.jpg
Colquhounia coccinea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Colquhounia

Colquhounia is a genus of about six species of evergreen or semi-evergreen shrubs or subshrubs in the family Lamiaceae, first described in 1822. They are native to the Himalaya and southwestern China south to Peninsular Malaysia.[1][2]

They are shrubs growing to 1 to 3 meters tall, rarely to 4 meters. The aromatic leaves are 3 to 12 centimeters long and 1 to 6 centimeters broad, finely toothed and borne in opposite pairs on the square stems. The flowers are tubular, two-lipped, and carried on terminal spikes.[2]

Species include:

  1. Colquhounia coccinea Wall. - Tibet, Yunnan, Bhutan, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand
  2. Colquhounia compta W.W.Sm. - Sichuan, Yunnan
  3. Colquhounia elegans Wall. - Yunnan, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia
  4. Colquhounia seguinii Vaniot - Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan, Myanmar
  5. Colquhounia vestita Wall. - Yunnan, Assam, Bhutan, Nepal, Himalayas of northern + eastern India