Colton, New York
|Colton, New York|
|• Total||254.9 sq mi (660.3 km2)|
|• Land||242.1 sq mi (627.0 km2)|
|• Water||12.8 sq mi (33.2 km2)|
|Elevation||1,496 ft (456 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0978854|
The Town of Colton is located in the southeast part of the county and is south of the Village of Potsdam.
The first land patents were issued in 1776. The first settlement occurred around 1825 near Colton village in the northern part of the town.
Colton was organized in 1843 from part of the Town of Parishville. Additional land from Parishville was added to Colton in 1851, and Colton was increased in 1876 from territory taken from the Town of Hopkinton.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 254.9 square miles (660 km2), of which, 242.1 square miles (627 km2) of it is land and 12.8 square miles (33 km2) of it (5.04%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,453 people, 604 households, and 405 families residing in the town. The population density was 6.0 people per square mile (2.3/km²). There were 1,163 housing units at an average density of 4.8 per square mile (1.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.17% White, 0.34% Native American, 0.07% Asian, and 0.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.
There were 604 households out of which 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the town the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 30.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $38,875, and the median income for a family was $44,637. Males had a median income of $35,000 versus $22,443 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,528. About 10.5% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.
- Bertrand Snell, former US Congressman
Communities and locations in Colton
- Brandy Brook – A location in the southwest part of the town on New York State Route 3.
- Carry Falls Reservoir – A reservoir in the northeast part of Colton.
- Colton – The hamlet of Colton is located at the junction of NY-56 and NY-68 by the Raquette River. The community, in the northwest part of the town, is the location of the first settlement.
- Cranberry Lake – A large lake near the southwest town line, but only a small part of the lake is in Colton.
- Granshue Club – A location south of Stark near the west town line.
- Higley Flow State Park – A state park west of South Colton.
- Irish Settlement – A hamlet near the town center on NY-56.
- Lows Lake – A lake partly in the southwest corner of Colton.
- Sevey – A hamlet in the central part of the town on NY-56
- Sevey Corners – A location in the east-central part of the town on NY-3, south of Sevey.
- Shurteff – A hamlet southwest of Sevey on NY-3.
- South Colton – A village in the north part of Colton, south of Colton village on NY-56. Sunday Rock was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2010.
- Stark – A hamlet by the town line in the eastern part of Colton.
- Stark Reservoir – A reservoir south of Stark and north of Carry Falls Reservoir.
- Stone Valley Recreational Area - A hiking and fishing area along the Raquette River, north of the hamlet of Colton.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 88.
- Staff (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "National Register of Historic Places". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 5/14/12 through 5/18/12. National Park Service. 2012-05-25.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "National Register of Historic Places". WEEKLY LIST OF ACTIONS TAKEN ON PROPERTIES: 3/28/11 THROUGH 4/01/11. National Park Service. 2011-04-08.