Columbia, Louisiana

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Columbia, Louisiana
Town
Town of Columbia
Gateway to Ouachita River at Columbia
Gateway to Ouachita River at Columbia
Nickname: 
Columbia on the Ouachita
Location of Columbia in Caldwell Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Columbia in Caldwell Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Coordinates: 32°06′15″N 92°04′37″W / 32.10417°N 92.07694°W / 32.10417; -92.07694Coordinates: 32°06′15″N 92°04′37″W / 32.10417°N 92.07694°W / 32.10417; -92.07694
CountryUnited States
StateLouisiana
ParishCaldwell
Founded1827
Area
 • Total0.77 sq mi (2.00 km2)
 • Land0.76 sq mi (1.98 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
75 ft (23 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total277
 • RankCW: 3rd
 • Density362.57/sq mi (139.94/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code
71418
Area code318
FIPS code22-16830

Columbia is a town in, and the parish seat of, Caldwell Parish, Louisiana, United States.[2] The population was 277 in 2020.[3]

History[edit]

The land that became Columbia was first cleared by Daniel Humphries in 1827. A store was built a few years later the only settlement between Monroe, Louisiana and the settlements of the Black River was formed. The harbor became a busy port for shipping cotton by steamboats and Packet boats until the arrival of the railroad. In February 1864 Columbia was the location of a skirmish between Federal and Confederate troops during the Civil War and there are several plantations in the area.[4]

Geography[edit]

Columbia is located just east of the center of Caldwell Parish at 32°6′15″N 92°4′37″W / 32.10417°N 92.07694°W / 32.10417; -92.07694 (32.104042, -92.076921),[5] on the southwest bank of the Ouachita River. U.S. Route 165 passes through the center of town and bridges the river, leading north 32 miles (51 km) to Monroe and south 64 miles (103 km) to Alexandria.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.77 square miles (2.00 km2), of which 0.76 square miles (1.96 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2), or 1.75%, is water.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1870235
1880210−10.6%
189035267.6%
19003828.5%
191050030.9%
1920434−13.2%
193076075.1%
194084010.5%
19509209.5%
19601,02111.0%
19701,000−2.1%
1980687−31.3%
1990386−43.8%
200047723.6%
2010390−18.2%
2020277−29.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
Columbia racial composition as of 2020[3]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 202 72.92%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 48 17.33%
Asian 2 0.72%
Other/Mixed 10 3.61%
Hispanic or Latino 15 5.42%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 277 people, 152 households, and 107 families residing in the town.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Law enforcement services are provided by the Columbia Police Department[8] and the Caldwell Parish Sheriff's Office.[9] Fire protection services are provided by the Columbia Volunteer Fire Department, and by other Volunteer Fire Departments across the parish when needed.[10][11]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ a b "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-29.
  4. ^ Google books: The WPA Guide to Louisiana: The Pelican State; "Columbia"- Retrieved 2017-03-11
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Columbia town, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "Town of Columbia". caldwellparishla. Retrieved 2022-01-27.
  9. ^ "Caldwell Parish Sheriff's Office". caldwellparishla. Retrieved 2022-01-27.
  10. ^ "Fire Departments - Caldwell Parish, LA (Fire Stations & Marshals)". www.countyoffice.org. Retrieved 2022-01-27.
  11. ^ "Fire Services | Caldwell Parish, Louisiana". 2019-06-21. Archived from the original on 2019-06-21. Retrieved 2022-01-27.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)

External links[edit]