Columbia-Moses language

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Columbia-Moses
Columbia-Wenatchi
Nxaảmxcín
Native to United States of America
Region northern Idaho, eastern Washington
Ethnicity 230 (2000 census)[1]
Native speakers
40 (2007)[1]
Salishan
Dialects
  • Columbian
  • Wenatchi
Language codes
ISO 639-3 col
Glottolog colu1241[2]

Columbia-Moses, or Columbia-Wenatchi, is a Southern Interior Salish language, also known as Nxaảmxcín. Speakers currently reside on the Colville Indian Reservation

There are two dialects, Columbia (Sinkiuse, Columbian) and Wenatchi (Wenatchee, Entiat, Chelan). Wenatchi is the heritage language of the Wenatchi, Chelan, and Entiat tribes, Columbian of the Sinkiuse-Columbia.

Phonology[edit]

Phonology of the Columbia-Wenatchi dialect:

Consonants
Bilabial Alveolar Lateral Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
nor. lab. nor. lab. nor. lab.
Plosive plain p t k q ʕ ʕʷ ʔ
glottalized kʼʷ qʼʷ ʕʼ ʕʼʷ
Nasal plain m n
glottalized
Trill plain r
glottalized
Affricate plain ts
glottalized tsʼ tɬʼ
Fricative s ɬ x χ χʷ ħ ħʷ h
Approximant plain w l j
glottalized

The three vowels in Columbia-Moses are /i/, /a/, /u/. They are sometimes transcribed as [e]; /i/, [o]; /u/, and [æ]; /a/, and could also tend to sound unstressed, almost as a schwa sound, /ə/.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Columbia-Moses at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Columbia-Wenatchi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Czaykowska-Higgins, Ewa and Paul Proulx. 2000. "REVIEWS - What's in a Word? Structure in Moses-Columbia Salish". International Journal of American Linguistics. 66, no. 3: 410.
  • Kinkade, M. Dale. Dictionary of the Moses-Columbia Language (Nxaảmxcín). Nespelem, Wash: Colville Confederated Tribes, 1981.
  • Mattina, Nancy. 2006. "Determiner Phrases in Moses-Columbia Salish". International Journal of American Linguistics. 72, no. 1: 97.
  • Willet, Marie Louise. 2003." A Grammatical Sketch of Nxa'amxcin" PhD Thesis, University of Victoria.