Columbia County, Wisconsin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Columbia County, Wisconsin
Columbia County WI courthouse.jpg
Columbia County courthouse in December 2014
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Columbia County
Location in the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded 1846
Seat Portage
Largest city Portage
Area
 • Total 796 sq mi (2,062 km2)
 • Land 766 sq mi (1,984 km2)
 • Water 30 sq mi (78 km2), 3.8%
Population
 • (2010) 56,833
 • Density 74/sq mi (29/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.columbia.wi.us

Columbia County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 56,833.[1] Its county seat and largest city is Portage.[2] The county was created in 1846.[3] At the time, it was in the Wisconsin Territory.

Columbia County is part of the Madison, WI Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Madison-Janesville-Beloit, WI Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 796 square miles (2,060 km2), of which 766 square miles (1,980 km2) is land and 30 square miles (78 km2) (3.8%) is water.[4] The county's highest point is Gibraltar Rock at 1,247 feet above sea level. The high butte-shaped bluff is located north of Lodi overlooking the Lake Wisconsin River valley.

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 9,565
1860 24,441 155.5%
1870 28,802 17.8%
1880 28,065 −2.6%
1890 28,350 1.0%
1900 31,121 9.8%
1910 31,129 0.0%
1920 30,468 −2.1%
1930 30,503 0.1%
1940 32,517 6.6%
1950 34,023 4.6%
1960 36,708 7.9%
1970 40,150 9.4%
1980 43,222 7.7%
1990 45,088 4.3%
2000 52,468 16.4%
2010 56,833 8.3%
Est. 2016 56,927 [5] 0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2014[1]
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Columbia County
Columbia County Law Enforcement Center
Columbus, Wisconsin
Doylestown Wisconsin Municipal Building

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 52,468 people, 20,439 households, and 14,164 families residing in the county. The population density was 68 people per square mile (26/km²). There were 22,685 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.18% White, 0.88% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 1.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 46.4% were of German, 10.2% Norwegian, 7.8% Irish, 6.4% English and 5.0% United States or American ancestry.

There were 20,439 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 101.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.40 males.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost town[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 47.7% 14,163 45.6% 13,528 6.8% 2,007
2012 42.6% 13,026 56.2% 17,175 1.1% 345
2008 41.7% 12,193 56.9% 16,661 1.4% 418
2004 50.6% 14,956 48.4% 14,300 1.0% 299
2000 46.9% 11,987 49.4% 12,636 3.8% 964
1996 38.9% 8,377 48.0% 10,336 13.1% 2,808
1992 37.9% 9,099 39.0% 9,348 23.1% 5,537
1988 53.1% 10,475 46.3% 9,132 0.6% 123
1984 58.5% 11,662 40.8% 8,125 0.7% 140
1980 49.9% 10,478 41.5% 8,715 8.6% 1,803
1976 50.6% 10,075 47.5% 9,457 1.9% 368
1972 58.0% 10,122 40.6% 7,083 1.4% 242
1968 52.6% 8,633 40.8% 6,698 6.6% 1,083
1964 38.2% 6,253 61.7% 10,093 0.2% 24
1960 60.9% 10,282 39.0% 6,576 0.1% 15
1956 66.0% 10,120 33.7% 5,158 0.3% 52
1952 67.8% 11,133 32.1% 5,272 0.1% 20
1948 52.6% 6,406 46.1% 5,615 1.2% 148
1944 56.5% 7,867 43.1% 5,997 0.4% 60
1940 53.7% 8,260 45.6% 7,021 0.7% 106
1936 37.3% 5,607 59.4% 8,936 3.4% 511
1932 36.4% 4,970 62.0% 8,455 1.6% 216
1928 60.7% 7,615 38.4% 4,819 0.9% 111
1924 40.4% 4,724 7.8% 907 51.8% 6,059
1920 83.3% 7,394 13.5% 1,201 3.2% 287
1916 57.5% 3,395 39.0% 2,299 3.5% 208
1912 42.6% 2,463 42.7% 2,473 14.7% 852
1908 60.1% 4,072 34.9% 2,363 5.0% 338
1904 67.5% 4,730 27.2% 1,907 5.2% 367
1900 65.7% 4,763 30.1% 2,181 4.2% 305
1896 63.6% 4,845 31.2% 2,380 5.2% 397
1892 49.3% 3,314 44.0% 2,957 6.8% 457

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Wisconsin: Individual County Chronologies". Wisconsin Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved August 13, 2015. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°28′N 89°20′W / 43.47°N 89.33°W / 43.47; -89.33