"Embracing The Future, While Preserving The Past”
|Coordinates: 33°11′35″N 86°36′41″W / 33.19306°N 86.61139°W|
|• Mayor||David Mitchell|
|• Total||17.40 sq mi (45.07 km2)|
|• Land||17.30 sq mi (44.81 km2)|
|• Water||0.10 sq mi (0.26 km2)|
|Elevation||574 ft (175 m)|
|• Density||257.89/sq mi (99.57/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|Area code(s)||205, 659|
|GNIS feature ID||2404109|
Columbiana is a city and the county seat of Shelby County, Alabama, United States. At the 2020 census, the population was 4,462.
Columbiana, originally called Columbia, was selected as the county seat of Shelby County in 1826 over rivals Calera and Montevallo. After the selection as the county seat, Columbiana celebrated by drilling holes in a large pine tree and packing it with gunpowder. The tree was blown up and the sound could be heard for miles. Later in 1826, the courthouse was moved to an old school building in Columbiana.
An act of the Alabama Legislature officially changed the name of Shelby County's county seat to Columbiana on January 13, 1832. Columbiana was incorporated on December 5, 1837, with corporate limits one-quarter of a mile in each direction from the public square.
In 1854, the decision was made to build a larger courthouse at the south end of “Silk Stocking Road”, now Main Street. From 1854 to 1908 several additions and changes were made to the courthouse. During the American Civil War, Columbiana was connected to the nearby town of Shelby by the Shelby Iron Company Railroad, which connected the Shelby Iron Works to the Alabama and Tennessee River Railroad. The Iron Works supplied iron to the C.B. Churchill and Company foundry, which moved to Columbiana in 1862 after the fall of Corinth, Mississippi. The Churchill foundry made eight and ten pound shot, eight and ten pound shells, and shells for Blakely rifles. The C.B. Churchill and Company foundry, Shelby Iron Works and the railroad were destroyed by Union forces on March 31, 1865, as part of Wilson's Raid.
Moving the courthouse to Columbiana was not necessarily popular in 1826 and there have been numerous attempts to relocate the county seat over the years. In 1901, the Alabama Constitutional Convention addressed the issue by including Section 41 in the new state constitution. Section 41 prohibited a move of the Shelby County seat from Columbiana unless a vote of the people was held, the only county in Alabama with such a designation.
To further solidify Columbiana's claim to the county seat, in 1905 construction began two blocks north of the existing courthouse on a new marble courthouse at a cost of $300,000. The new courthouse was completed in 1908 and has been renovated and enlarged on a number of occasions. The new courthouse has served Shelby County for over 100 years.
The “Old Courthouse” is now home to the Shelby County Museum and Archives.
Today, Columbiana is home to the Shelby County Board of Education, the Shelby County Sheriff's Office, the Shelby County Jail, and Harrison Regional Library, which is the main office for the Shelby County Library System. Columbiana holds the annual Liberty Day celebration on the last weekend in June, which was first held in 1986 to honor the 100th anniversary of the Statue of Liberty. The current mayor is David Mitchell.
The population of Columbiana was 4,546 as of 2021.
The city is located in the southeastern part of the county along Alabama State Route 25, which runs northeast to southwest to the west of the downtown area, leading northeast 9 miles (14 km) to Wilsonville and southwest 11 miles (18 km) to Calera.
Columbiana is a municipal corporation organized under the laws of the State of Alabama. The city is 25 miles (40 km) southeast of Birmingham. According to the 2010 census conducted by the U.S. Department of Commerce, the population of Columbiana was 4,197. There are 16.86 square miles (43.7 km2) within the corporate limits of Columbiana.
Columbiana is governed under the mayor-council form of government. The mayor is elected on an at-large basis for a four-year term and the five council members are elected from single member districts, each for a four-year term. The mayor and council serve on a part-time basis. The mayor serves as chief executive officer of the city and is responsible for the daily operations of all departments of the city. The council acts as the legislative branch of the city.
Municipal operations are financed largely by sales tax, utility revenues, privilege licenses, and property taxes.
- Mayor David Mitchell
- District 1 Councilmember: Karen Lilly
- District 2 Councilmember: Vicki Mizzell
- District 3 Councilmember: Ricky Ruston
- District 4 Councilmember: Kim King
- District 5 Councilmember: Ashley Phillips
|U.S. Decennial Census|
At the 2000 census there were 3,316 people in 1,260 households, including 868 families, in the city. The population density was 218.5 inhabitants per square mile (84.4/km2). There were 1,372 housing units at an average density of 90.4 per square mile (34.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.59% White, 19.60% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 1.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 1,260 households 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 29.2% of households were one person and 12.9% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.10.
The age distribution was 25.9% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.
The median household income was $34,034 and the median family income was $44,798. Males had a median income of $34,350 versus $21,193 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,086. About 8.2% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 14.2% of those age 65 or over.
At the 2010 census there were 4,197 people in 1,303 households, including 874 families, in the city. The population density was 218.2 inhabitants per square mile (84.2/km2). There were 1,445 housing units at an average density of 95.1 per square mile (36.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 71.3% White, 25.1% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. 3.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 1,303 households 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 29.7% of households were one person and 15.6% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.12.
The age distribution was 19.7% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% 65 or older. The median age was 37.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 121.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 148.9 males.
The median household income was $31,108 and the median family income was $56,411. Males had a median income of $43,304 versus $34,583 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,003. About 11.0% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.1% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.
|Black or African American (non-Hispanic)||1,003||22.48%|
|Hispanic or Latino||135||3.03%|
As of the 2020 United States census, there were 4,462 people, 1,641 households, and 851 families residing in the city.
Shelby County Schools operates public schools.
- Elvin Hill Elementary School – kindergarten through fifth grade
- Columbiana Middle School – sixth grade through eighth grade
- Shelby County High School – ninth grade through twelfth grade. The Shelby County Wildcats school colors are maroon and white. The colors were changed from its original school colors of red and white, which were also used by rival Thompson High. Its sports teams are part of the Alabama High School Athletic Association Class 5A.
- Shelby County School of Technology – career technical center
- Cornerstone Christian School – private school serving Pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade
- Robert J. Bentley (born February 3, 1943), Governor of Alabama (2011–2017).
- Leven H. Ellis (April 6, 1881 – January 4, 1968), Lt. Governor of Alabama 1943 to 1947.
- J. Frank Norris (1877–1952), Leader of Baptist Fundamentalism, lived in Columbiana during his youth
- E. B. Teague (1820–1902), prominent Baptist preacher
- Mary Ware, poet and prose writer
Shelby County Courthouse in Columbiana.
The Old Shelby County Courthouse is a defunct courthouse in Columbiana, Alabama. It was built in 1854 and added to the National Register of Historic Places on October 29, 1974.
- ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
- ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Columbiana, Alabama
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- ^ Armes, Ethel (1910). The story of coal and iron in Alabama - Ethel Armes - Google Books. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
- ^ Sparacino, Emily (October 6, 2020). "Mitchell wins Columbiana mayor runoff". Shelby County Reporter. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
- ^ "Columbiana, Alabama Population 2021". World Population Review. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
- ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2021.
- ^ "School Classification". AHSAA. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
- ^ Lewis, Herbert. "Horace Ware". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved January 22, 2021.