Columbus County, North Carolina
|Columbus County, North Carolina|
Columbus County Courthouse, Whiteville
Location in the state of North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Christopher Columbus|
|• Total||954 sq mi (2,471 km2)|
|• Land||937 sq mi (2,427 km2)|
|• Water||16 sq mi (41 km2), 1.7%|
|• Density||161/sq mi (62/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Columbus County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 58,098. Its county seat is Whiteville. The county was formed in 1808 from parts of Bladen County and Brunswick County. It was named for Christopher Columbus.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 954 square miles (2,470 km2), of which 937 square miles (2,430 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (1.7%) is water. It is the third-largest county in North Carolina by land area.
- Bladen County - north
- Pender County - northeast
- Brunswick County - southeast
- Horry County, South Carolina - southwest
- Robeson County - northwest
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 54,749 people, 21,308 households, and 15,043 families residing in the county. The population density was 58/sq mi (23/km²). As of 2004, there were 24,668 housing units at an average density of 26/sq mi (10/km²). The racial makeup for the county was 68.9% White, 23.1% Black or African American, 5.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 4.7% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. 2.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
By 2005 62.3% of the county population was White. 31.1% of the population was African-American. 3.2% of the population was Native American. According to the 2010 census, 1,025 people in Columbus County self-identify as Waccamaw Siouan. 2.8% of the population was Latino. According to the 2010 census, 1,025 peopl
There were 21,308 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.80% were married couples living together, 15.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.40% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.40 males.
The 2003 median income for a household in the county was $27,659, and the median income for a family was a little more than $33,800. Males had a median income of $28,494 versus $19,867 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,415. About 17.60% of families and 20.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.00% of those under age 18 and 25.50% of those age 65 or over.
Waccamaw Siouan Indian Presence
The Waccamaw Siouan Indians are one of several autonomous tribes, known colloquially as "eastern Siouans", whose territories extended through Columbus County prior to European settlement in the 16th Century. During the Tuscarora War and Yamasee War, tribal numbers were greatly reduced and resulted in the people's retreat to the swamps near Lake Waccamaw. Throughout the 17th Century, Waccamaw Siouans are notably absent from the historical record, only appearing towards the end of the century when the U.S. Census recorded common Waccamaw surnames among peoples of small isolated communities.
In 1910, the earliest known governmental body of the Waccamaw Indians was officially created—the Council of Wide Awake Indians. The council's primary objectives were to obtain public funding for Indian schools, and to eventually obtain federal recognition. The council was successful in opening its first publicly funded school in 1933 and others soon followed; however, lack of funding from taxpayers helped to significantly fuel the council's campaign for federal recognition in 1940.
The name Waccamaw Siouan was first officially used by the United States government in 1949, when a bill intended to grant the tribe federal recognition was introduced before Congress. While the bill was defeated in committee the following year, changes in federal policy during the 1960s and 1970s regarding public funding and economic assistance led to the Waccamaw benefiting from government programs without federal recognition.
Though the Waccamaw Siouan are not federally recognized, they have been recognized by the North Carolina Commission of Indian Affairs since 1971. Tribal leadership is provided and maintained by the Waccamaw Siouan Sevelopment Association (WSDA), a nonprofit group founded in 1972. The group is headed by a nine-member board of directors, elected by a secret ballot that is open to all tribal members over the age of 18; in addition, the board includes a chief, whose role is largely symbolic.
Law and government
Columbus County is a member of the regional Cape Fear Council of Governments.
- Whiteville (county seat)
- Bug Hill
- Cerro Gordo
- Fair Bluff
- South Williams
- Welch Creek
- Western Prong
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 88.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Commission on Indian Affairs, North Carolina Department of Administration. (2010). "Total Population by Tribe by County in North Carolina." http://www.doa.nc.gov/cia/documents/populationdata/TotalPopulationbyTribebyNCCounty.pdf
- William S. Powell, Encyclopedia of North Carolina (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006), 1170.
- Powell, Encyclopedia of North Carolina, 1170.
||Robeson County||Bladen County||Pender County|
|Horry County, South Carolina||Brunswick County|