Comac

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coordinates: 31°05′43″N 121°51′10″E / 31.0951801°N 121.852788°E / 31.0951801; 121.852788

Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, Ltd.
中国商用飞机有限责任公司
Native name
Chinese: 中国商用飞机有限责任公司
TypeState-owned limited company
IndustryAviation
Founded11 May 2008; 13 years ago (11 May 2008)
Headquarters,
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
He Dongfeng (Chairman)[1]
Zhao Yuerang (President)[2]
ProductsCommercial airliners
OwnerSASAC
Websitewww.comac.cc
Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, Ltd.
Simplified Chinese中国商用飞机有限责任公司
Traditional Chinese中國商用飛機有限責任公司
Abbreviation
Simplified Chinese中国
Traditional Chinese中國商飛

The Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, Ltd. (COMAC, Chinese: 中国商用飞机有限责任公司) is a Chinese state-owned aerospace manufacturer established on 11 May 2008 in Shanghai.[3] The headquarters are in Pudong, Shanghai.[4] The company has a registered capital of RMB 19 billion (US$2.7 billion as of May 2008). The corporation is a designer and constructor of large passenger aircraft with capacities of over 150 passengers.

The first jet to be marketed is the ARJ21 developed by China Aviation Industry Corporation I, which will be followed by the C919, which made its maiden flight in 2017[5] and has attracted interest from Chinese airlines.[6] The C919, which can seat up to 168 passengers, is meant to compete in the market for single-aisle jets.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

COMAC, Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, was established on 11 May 2008 in Shanghai. It was established jointly by Aviation Industry Corporation of China, Aluminum Corporation of China, Baosteel Group Corporation, Sinochem Group, Shanghai Guosheng Corporation Limited, and State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission.

U.S. sanctions[edit]

In January 2021, the United States government named COMAC as a company "owned or controlled" by the People's Liberation Army and thereby prohibited any American company or individual from investing in it.[7]

Products[edit]

A Comac ARJ21-700 in flight at the 2010 Zhuhai Airshow

Model naming convention[edit]

For all models sold beginning with the Comac C919, COMAC's naming system for commercial airliners has taken the form of 9X9.[citation needed]

Aircraft in production or development[edit]

Product list and details (date information from Comac)
Aircraft Variants Description Capacity First Flight Launch Customer
First Delivery
Production Ceased
Narrow-body
ARJ21 700,900,F,B Twin‑engine, single aisle, short-range 70−105 28 November 2008 28 November 2015[8]
C919 Twin‑engine, single aisle, short- to medium-range 150−190 5 May 2017[9] 2021[10]
Wide-body
C929 500,600,700 Twin‑engine, twin aisle, long-range 250−290 2023+[11] 2026+[11]

Orders and deliveries[edit]

Aircraft Orders Deliveries In operation Unfilled
ARJ-21 375 53 53 344
C919 1008 0 0 1008
Total 1,383 53 53 1,352

Collaborations[edit]

Bombardier[edit]

On 24 March 2011, Comac and the Canadian company Bombardier Inc. signed a framework agreement for a long-term strategic cooperation on commercial aircraft.[12][13]

Products included in the programme include[citation needed]:

In May 2017, Bombardier and Comac began holding talks about an investment into Bombardier's passenger jet business.[14]

Boeing[edit]

On 23 September 2015, Boeing announced plans to build a Boeing 737 completion and finishing plant in China.[15] The facility will be used to paint exteriors and install interiors into airframes built in the United States.[16] The joint-venture plant will be located in Zhoushan, Zhejiang.[17]

Ryanair[edit]

In June 2011 COMAC and Irish low-cost airline Ryanair signed an agreement to cooperate on the development of the C919, a 200-seat narrow-body commercial jet which will compete with the Boeing 737 and Airbus A320.[18]

UAC[edit]

China-Russia Commercial Aircraft International Co. Ltd. (CRAIC), a joint venture company invested by COMAC and Russia's United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) responsible for the development of a wide-body commercial jet, was established in Shanghai on 22 May 2017. Research and development for the new plane will be conducted in Moscow, and it will be assembled in Shanghai.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China. "He Dongfeng - Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China". Retrieved 31 May 2020.
  2. ^ Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China. "Zhao Yuerang - Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China". Retrieved 31 May 2020.
  3. ^ An Lu (11 May 2008). "China's jumbo passenger aircraft company established in Shanghai". Xinhua. Archived from the original on 25 April 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  4. ^ 联系我们 (in Chinese (China)). COMAC. 5 January 2010. Retrieved 7 January 2020. 上海市张杨路25号
  5. ^ "With maiden jet flight, China enters dog-fight with Boeing, Airbus". Reuters. 5 May 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  6. ^ Ben Sandilands (8 September 2009). "China models its airliner ambitions". Crikey. Retrieved 8 September 2009.
  7. ^ Stone, Mike (14 January 2021). "Trump administration adds China's Comac, Xiaomi to Chinese military blacklist". Reuters. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  8. ^ "China's COMAC delivers first ARJ21 jet plane to domestic airline". Reuters. 28 November 2015.
  9. ^ "China's first big passenger plane takes off for maiden flight". BBC News. 5 May 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  10. ^ "China's COMAC says first delivery of C919 jet planned for 2021". Reuters. 6 February 2018. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  11. ^ a b 中俄合研宽体机全球征选供应商 “闭关”十年直面竞争 (in Chinese (China)). Sina Finance. 3 November 2016.
  12. ^ "COMAC and Bombardier Sign Strategic Agreement on Commercial Aircraft" (Press release). Bombardier. 24 March 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  13. ^ Jon Ostrower (1 April 2011). "Many questions surround Bombardier/Comac partnership". Flight Global. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  14. ^ Weinland, Don (18 May 2017). "Chinese group in talks to aid struggling jet maker Bombardier". Financial Times. United Kingdom. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  15. ^ "China orders 300 Boeing planes worth $38 billion". Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  16. ^ Thompson, Loren. "Boeing To Build Its First Offshore Plane Factory In China As Ex-Im Bank Withers". Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  17. ^ Boeing to build plant in Zhoushan. Shanghai Daily.
  18. ^ Ryanair and Comac (Commercial Aircraft Corp. of China) Sign C 919...
  19. ^ "China-Russia joint venture to develop wide-body commercial jet". China Daily.

None

External links[edit]