Comanche, Texas

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Comanche, Texas
Community
Downtown Comanche, Texas (2022)
Downtown Comanche, Texas (2022)
Map of Texas
Map of Texas
Comanche
Coordinates: 31°53′51″N 98°36′13″W / 31.89750°N 98.60361°W / 31.89750; -98.60361Coordinates: 31°53′51″N 98°36′13″W / 31.89750°N 98.60361°W / 31.89750; -98.60361[1]
Country United States
State Texas
CountyComanche
RegionCentral Texas
Established1858
Area
 • Total4.56 sq mi (11.81 km2)
 • Land4.56 sq mi (11.81 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation1,381 ft (421 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total4,335
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
4,197
 • Density920.19/sq mi (355.29/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
ZIP code
76442
Area code325
FIPS code48-16192
Websitewww.cityofcomanchetexas.net

Comanche is a city located in Comanche County in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 4,335 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Comanche County.[4]

History[edit]

A military road known as the "Corn Trail" came through in 1850 to supply area forts and encourage settlement. The town was established in 1856 and the city was incorporated in 1858. Near the modern courthouse is the preserved log structure known as the "Old Cora Courthouse", one of the oldest standing wooden courthouses in Texas. Cora, the former county seat, later became Gustine.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.5 square miles (12 km2), all of it land.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Comanche has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880704
18901,22674.1%
19002,07068.8%
19102,75633.1%
19203,52427.9%
19302,435−30.9%
19403,20931.8%
19503,84019.7%
19603,415−11.1%
19703,93315.2%
19804,0753.6%
19904,0870.3%
20004,4829.7%
20104,335−3.3%
2019 (est.)4,197[3]−3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

2020 census[edit]

Comanche racial composition[8]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 2,258 53.62%
Black or African American (NH) 18 0.43%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 19 0.45%
Asian (NH) 24 0.57%
Pacific Islander (NH) 1 0.02%
Some Other Race (NH) 4 0.09%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 96 2.28%
Hispanic or Latino 1,791 42.53%
Total 4,211

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 4,211 people, 1,592 households, and 990 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, 4,482 people, 1,656 households, and 1,157 families resided in the city. The population density was 998.3 people per square mile (385.4/km2). The 1,898 housing units averaged 422.8 per square mile (163.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 80.01% White, 1.20% African American, 1.09% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 15.13% from other races, and 2.34% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 28.51% of the population.

Of the 1,656 households, 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were not families. About 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the city, the population was distributed as 28.0% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 20.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,773, and for a family was $32,097. Males had a median income of $26,646 versus $16,958 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,155. About 17.0% of families and 20.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.7% of those under age 18 and 19.7% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

The Comanche County Historical Museum in Comanche features a blacksmith shop, filling station, and doctor's office. A replica saloon depicts the site where gunfighter John Wesley Hardin killed a deputy in 1874.[5]

Education[edit]

The City of Comanche is served by the Comanche Independent School District, which consists of Comanche Elementary, Comanche Middle School, H.R. Jefferies Junior High, and Comanche High School.[12] Also, Premier Accelerated Charter School for high school-aged students is located in Comanche.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The Comanche County-City Airport is located two nautical miles (2.3 mi, 3.7 km) northeast of Comanche's central business district.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Comanche". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ a b Texas Historical Commission, "Texas Forts Trail: Exploring the Heritage of West Central Texas" brochure, Austin, Texas
  6. ^ Climate Summary for Comanche, Texas
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-21.
  9. ^ http://www.census.gov[not specific enough to verify]
  10. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ Comanche Independent School District http://www.comancheisd.net/
  13. ^ FAA Airport Form 5010 for MKN PDF. Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 30 June 2011.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[9][10]

External links[edit]