Comando Jaramillista Morelense 23 de Mayo

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The Comando Jaramillista Morelense of May 23 is a rebel group in Mexico which claimed responsibility for the bombing of three banks (branches of Banamex, Bancomer and Santander Serfin) on the outskirts of Cuernavaca, Morelos, on May 23, 2004.

CJM took the name of Rubén Jaramillo, who was associated with a Zapatist movement in the 1940s and 1950s (as well agrarian reform) and was murdered on May 23, 1962. The bombings were a tribute to Jaramillio and carried out because CJM claimed to be against the corruption of government leaders; in particular, Sergio Estrada Cajigal (governor of Morelos) and President Vicente Fox. The group claims Estrada Cagijal is involved in drug trafficking and runs a corrupt and repressive government.[1] CJM claims not to be terrorists, just anti-government, and have stated they have no interest in harming civilians – one of the reasons why the bombing was on a Sunday (when the banks were closed and few people were about).[citation needed]

Between May 23, 2004, and May 23, 2009, the group issued nineteen Comunicados expressing their support of socialism and their opposition to neoliberalism without expressing specific demands.[2] A similarly-named group, Comando Jaramillista de la Region Oriente, issued a Comunicado in Oaxaca on November 11, 2004.[3]

Over the years there have been other armed groups in the State of Morelos. Besides the rebellions led by Ruben Jaramillo, the Partido Proletario Unido de América flourished in 1974. More recently, the Popular Revolutionary Army and Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias del Pueblo (People's Armed Revolutionary Forces) have been active.[1]

CJM only recently became a vocal group; prior activity is unheard of in the region.[4] After the May 23 bombing, they have placed another four explosive devices in Cuernavaca and its environs.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b Hernández Navarro, Luis (June 1, 2004), "Los jaramillistas" [The Jaramillistas], La Jornada (in Spanish), Mexico City, retrieved March 28, 2019
  2. ^ "VER LISTA DE ARTÍCULOS DE COMANDO JARAMILLISTA MORELENSE 23 DE MAYO" (in Spanish). Centro de Documentacion de los Movimientos Armados. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  4. ^ "11 guerrillas mexicanas que continúan activas que desconocías" [11 Active Mexican Guerilla Organizations That You Don't Know] (in Spanish). Toma Nota. Retrieved March 28, 2019.

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