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The fossil Homo sapiens from Combe Capelle with ornaments, 7,600 BC. Museum für Völkerkunde, Berlin

Combe-Capelle is a Paleolithic and Epipaleolithic site situated in the Couze valley in the Périgord region of southern France. Henri-Marc Ami carried out excavations in the area from the late 1920s until his death in 1931.

The famous Homo sapiens fossil from Combe-Capelle, discovered in 1909 was sold to the Museum für Völkerkunde, Berlin, in 1910. It was for a long time considered to be 30,000 years old, an Upper Paleolithic Cro-Magnon man and one of the oldest finds of modern humans in Europe, formerly classified as Homo aurignaciensis hauseri. [1] This was revised in a 2011 study, which dated collagen from a tooth of the skull in Berlin with accelerator mass spectrometry. The fossil was found to date to the early Holocene (Mesolithic Europe), at 9,500 years old.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Robert Alexander Stewart, Macalister, A text-book of European archaeology (1921), p. 359. Verhandlung der geologischen Reichsanstalt (1909), p. 302. Georg Wilke, "Die neue Skelettfund des Homo auri-gnaciensis Hauseri" (Mannus 1 [1909], p. 252); G. Kossinna. "Zum Homo aurignaciensis" (Mannus 2 [1910], p. 169).
  2. ^ "7601–7547 cal BC, 95.4%" Almut Hoffmann et al.: The Homo aurignaciensis hauseri from Combe-Capelle - A Mesolithic burial. Journal of Human Evolution 61(2), 2011, S. 211–214 doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2011.03.001.

Coordinates: 44°45′10″N 00°50′55″E / 44.75278°N 0.84861°E / 44.75278; 0.84861