Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve
|Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve|
|Participant in the Syrian Civil War and the Iraqi Civil War,|
Seal of Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve
10 October 2014 – present|
(3 years, 10 months and 5 days)
|Founding leader||U.S. Central Command|
|Current Commander||LTG Paul E. Funk II|
|Deputy Commander-Strategy and Support||MG Felix Gedney|
|Deputy Commander-Operations and Intelligence||Maj Gen Dirk D. Smith|
|Chief of Staff||BG J. Kenneth L. Kamper|
|Opponents||Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant|
|Battles and wars|
Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve (CJTF–OIR) is the Joint Task Force established by the US-led international coalition against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), set up by the US Central Command to coordinate military efforts against ISIL (Da'esh), and is composed of US military forces and personnel from over 30 countries. The stated aim of CJTF–OIR is to "degrade and destroy" ISIL. Its establishment by US Central Command was announced in December 2014, after it was set up to replace the ad hoc arrangements that had previously been established to coordinate operations following the rapid gains made by ISIL in Iraq in June. Formed in October 2014, its first "coalition integration conference" was held the first week of December 2014. Current operations are named Operation Inherent Resolve by the United States Department of Defense. The current coalition commander has expressed his intent to root out ISIL from the major cities of Syria by the end of his rotation as commander.
As of August 2016[update], U.S. Army lieutenant general Stephen J. Townsend commands CJTF-OIR in an appointment which consolidates three commander's tasks. Townsend has two deputies, a British Army officer, Major General Rupert Jones, who is currently serving as CJTF-OIR Deputy Commander-Strategy and Sustainment, and a U.S. Air Force officer, Major General Scott A. Kindsvater, who is currently serving as CJTF-OIR Deputy Commander-Operations and Intelligence. CJTF-OIR's headquarters is at Camp Arifjan in Kuwait and includes approximately 500 personnel from 15 nations who are involved in coordinating operations in Iraq.
As part of CJTF-OIR, countries which have conducted airstrikes in Iraq include the United States, Australia, Canada, Belgium, Denmark, France, Jordan, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. Those who have conducted airstrikes in Syria include the United States, Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, and the United Kingdom.
A dozen countries are also involved in the Capacity Building Mission Iraq effort in Iraq. Those who have announced their participation in the program that trains Iraqi security forces include Australia, Canada, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Slovenia, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. As a result of the BPC program, nearly 6,500 Iraqi forces have completed the training, with approximately 4,500 currently in training.
As of August 2015[update], U.S.-led coalition aircraft had reportedly flown a total 45,259 sorties in the previous 12 months of operations, with the U.S. Air Force flying the majority, accounting for 67 percent and dropping more than 5,600 bombs in the campaign to date. The Guardian reported that a team of independent journalists had published details of 52 airstrikes which killed more than 450 civilians. The coalition acknowledged only 2 non-combatant deaths.
- International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)
- Multi-National Force – Iraq (MNF–I)
- Islamist terrorism in Europe (2014–present)
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Participants commended the efforts of the Lebanese Armed Forces in fighting ISIL/Daesh, and noted that ISIL/Daesh’s finances and recruitment are also increasingly being challenged through international cooperation. Participants affirmed, however, that a successful campaign against ISIL/Daesh will take time, and will require a sustained, united, and coordinated response. Participants reiterated their long-term commitment to this effort.
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"New Operation Inherent Resolve commander continues fight against ISIL". U.S. Army. 2016-08-22. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
Army Lt. Gen. Stephen J. Townsend, commanding general of XVIII Airborne Corps based at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, assumed command of Combined Joint Task Force-Operation Inherent Resolve during a transfer of authority ceremony on Monday August 21.
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- "Targets of Russian airstrikes in question". The Daily Star Newspaper - Lebanon. 5 October 2015. Retrieved 5 October 2015.