Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve
|Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve|
|Participant in the Syrian Civil War, the Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017), and the War on Terror|
Seal of Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve
|Active||10 October 2014 – present|
(4 years, 5 months and 3 days)
|Founding leader||U.S. Central Command|
|Current Commander||LTG Paul LaCamera|
|Deputy Commander-Strategy and Support||MG Christopher Ghika|
|Deputy Commander-Operations and Intelligence||Maj Gen Chad P. Franks|
|Chief of Staff||BG Xavier T. Brunson|
|Opponent(s)|| Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant|
|Battles and war(s)||International campaign against ISIL|
Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve (CJTF–OIR) is the Joint Task Force established by the US-led international coalition against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), set up by the US Central Command to coordinate military efforts against ISIL (Da'esh), and is composed of US military forces and personnel from over 30 countries. The stated aim of CJTF–OIR is to "degrade and destroy" ISIL. Its establishment by US Central Command was announced in December 2014, after it was set up to replace the ad hoc arrangements that had previously been established to coordinate operations following the rapid gains made by ISIL in Iraq in June. Formed in October 2014, its first "coalition integration conference" was held the first week of December 2014. Current operations are named Operation Inherent Resolve by the United States Department of Defense. The current coalition commander expressed his intent to root out ISIL from the major cities of Syria by the end of his rotation as commander, a promise which has been fulfilled with the loss of ISIL control over all cities in Syria.
This section needs to be updated.October 2018)(
As of August 2016[update], U.S. Army lieutenant general Stephen J. Townsend commands CJTF-OIR in an appointment which consolidates three commander's tasks. Townsend has two deputies, a British Army officer, Major General Rupert Jones, who is currently serving as CJTF-OIR Deputy Commander-Strategy and Sustainment, and a U.S. Air Force officer, Major General Scott A. Kindsvater, who is currently serving as CJTF-OIR Deputy Commander-Operations and Intelligence. CJTF-OIR's headquarters is at Camp Arifjan in Kuwait and includes approximately 500 personnel from 15 nations who are involved in coordinating operations in Iraq.
As part of CJTF-OIR, countries which have conducted airstrikes in Iraq include the United States, Australia, Canada, Belgium, Denmark, France, Jordan, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. Those who have conducted airstrikes in Syria include the United States, Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, and the United Kingdom.
A dozen countries are also involved in the Capacity Building Mission Iraq effort in Iraq. Those who have announced their participation in the program, which trains Iraqi security forces, include the United States, Australia, Canada, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Slovenia, Spain, and the United Kingdom. As a result of the BPC program, nearly 6,500 Iraqi forces completed training, with approximately 4,500 currently in training.
From August 2014 to August 2015, coalition aircraft flew a total of 45,259 sorties, with the U.S. Air Force flying the majority (67%), and dropped more than 5,600 bombs. At the time,The Guardian reported that a team of independent journalists had published details of 52 airstrikes which killed more than 450 civilians. The coalition acknowledged only 2 non-combatant deaths.
From August 8, 2014 to August 2017, coalition aircraft flew a total of 167,912 sorties, and conducted 13,331 strikes in Iraq and 11,235 strikes in Syria, for a total of 24,566 strikes.
From August 8, 2014 to January 31 2019, coalition aircraft conducted a total of 33,921 strikes. At least 1257 civilians were unintentionally killed in these strikes.
On December 22, 2018, three days after Donald Trump announced the U.S. would withdraw all its troops from Syria, Brett McGurk, the U.S. envoy to the coalition against ISIL, announced his resignation from his post.
- International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)
- Multi-National Force – Iraq (MNF–I)
- Islamist terrorism in Europe (2014–present)
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Participants commended the efforts of the Lebanese Armed Forces in fighting ISIL/Daesh, and noted that ISIL/Daesh’s finances and recruitment are also increasingly being challenged through international cooperation. Participants affirmed, however, that a successful campaign against ISIL/Daesh will take time, and will require a sustained, united, and coordinated response. Participants reiterated their long-term commitment to this effort.
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Army Lt. Gen. Stephen J. Townsend, commanding general of XVIII Airborne Corps based at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, assumed command of Combined Joint Task Force-Operation Inherent Resolve during a transfer of authority ceremony on Monday August 21.
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