Comboyne, New South Wales

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Comboyne
New South Wales
Comboyne NSW.JPG
Comboyne village & pastures
Comboyne is located in New South Wales
Comboyne
Comboyne
Coordinates 31°36.352′S 152°28.101′E / 31.605867°S 152.468350°E / -31.605867; 152.468350Coordinates: 31°36.352′S 152°28.101′E / 31.605867°S 152.468350°E / -31.605867; 152.468350
Population 453 (2011 census)[1]
Postcode(s) 2429
Elevation 705 m (2,313 ft)
LGA(s) Port Macquarie Hastings
State electorate(s) Oxley
Federal Division(s) Lyne
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
 ? ? 1,818 mm
71.6 in

Comboyne is a village on the Mid North Coast region of New South Wales. It is situated on the Comboyne Plateau, some 60 km south-west of Port Macquarie, 35 km west of Kew and 54 km north-west of Taree. It is an attractive agricultural area with fertile soils and a high rainfall. The word "Comboyne" is a corruption of the local Biripi people's name for "a place of kangaroos" (Gambuyn).[2] At the 2011 census, Comboyne had a population of 453.[1]

Previously, the area was covered in sub-tropical rainforest which has almost all been cleared by the early 20th century. The early explorers originally sought the valuable timber of the Australian Red Cedar. The second oldest natural reserve in the state is at nearby Boorganna Nature Reserve which preserves a remnant of sub-tropical rainforest. The Antarctic beech has been recorded at four sites in the Comboyne area.[3][4]

Geology and climate[edit]

The annual average rainfall at Comboyne is a high 1818 mm.[5] The climate is sub tropical, though at an elevation of 705 metres, it is cooler than at the coast nearby. Soils are derived from basalt, which provide a deep red loam. Below the basalt are less fertile sedimentary rocks. The Comboyne Shield Volcano erupted some 11 to 13 million years ago.[6] The Comboyne plateau is a scarp-bounded paleoplain located between the central north coast of New South Wales and the Great Dividing Range. Miocene basalts overlie much of the plateau, creating relatively fertile red/brown soils.[7] In the southern third of the plateau are underlying Triassic sediments of the Lorne basin.[8] The plateau has a wet, sub tropical climate,[9] though subject to frost and occasional snow.

Dairy Cattle at Comboyne

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Comboyne (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 April 2015.  Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ National Parks and Wildlife Service pamphlet "Boorganna Nature Reserve", Department of Climate Change & Water, 2010
  3. ^ "Lost & Found, Nothofagus moorei at Comboyne. authors C.L. Bale & J.B. Williams" (PDF). Cunninghamia. Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  4. ^ Floyd, A.G., Rainforest Trees of Mainland South-eastern Australia, Inkata Press 2008, ISBN 978-0-9589436-7-3 page 272
  5. ^ "Peace, Quiet & Fresh Mountain Air". Comboyne. Archived from the original on 2008-07-19. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  6. ^ Seach, John. "Comboyne Volcano". Volcano Live. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  7. ^ "Red Podzolic Soil". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2017-03-25. 
  8. ^ "Lost & Found. Nothofagus moorei at Comboyne." authors CL Bale and JB Williams" (PDF). Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney. Cunninghamia - New South Wales. Retrieved 2017-03-24. 
  9. ^ "Comboyne Climate Averages". Meat & Livestock Australia. Retrieved 2017-03-25.