Combretum fruticosum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Orange flame vine
Combretum fruticosum.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Combretum
Species: C. fruticosum
Binomial name
Combretum fruticosum
(Loefl.) Stuntz
Synonyms

Combretum farinosum Kunth[1]

Combretum fruticosum, known as orange flame vine or chameleon vine, is a species of bushwillow that occurs from Mexico to northern Argentina.[1]

View of the plant

Description[edit]

The orange flame vine is a liana that reaches up to 3 metres (9.8 ft) in height without a support and up to 11 metres (36 ft) with a support. The branches are cylindrical and striated.

The leaves are persistent to semipersistent, dense and dry. They are simple, opposite, sometimes alternate, 6 to 16 cm long and 3 to 8 cm broad, with an entire margin and a short petiole.

The flowers appear in summer and are yellowish to reddish, small, grouped in axillar spikes 8 to 16 cm long. The calyx is bell-shaped with 4 lobules 5 mm long, the corolla has 4 very small petals 1 to 1.5 mm long. The 8 stamens are 3 cm long and have reddish anthers. The number of flowers varies from 52 to 93 in each inflorescence.[1]

The fruit forms in autumn and is dry and indehiscent, 2 cm long, and reddish brown.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Bernardello, Luis; Galetto, Leonardo; Rodriguez, Ivana G. (1994). "Reproductive biology, variability of nectar features and pollination of Combretum fruticosum (Combretaceae) in Argentina". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 114 (3): 293–308. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1994.tb01938.x. ISSN 0024-4074.