Combretum molle

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Velvet bushwillow
Combretum molle, Eugene Marais Park.jpg
habit, winter
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Combretum
Species: C. molle
Binomial name
Combretum molle
R.Br. ex G.Don, Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. London 15:431. 1827

Combretum molle, the velvet bushwillow, is a plant species in the genus Combretum found in West-, East- and South Africa.

The larvae of Parosmodes morantii and Acalyptris molleivora feed on C. molle. It is recorded to contain antioxidants such as punicalagin,[1] which is also found in the other Myrtale pomegranates (Punica granatum), a somewhat related plant. It also contains the 1alpha-hydroxycycloartenoid saponins mollic acid glucoside[2] and mollic acid 3β-D-xyloside.[3]

Extracts from the bark of C. molle show antibacterial and antifungal[4] as well as in vitro antiprotozoal activities.[1] Mollic acid glucoside shows cardiovascular effects.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Asres, K.; Bucar, F.; Knauder, E.; Yardley, V.; Kendrick, H.; Croft, S. L. (2001). "In vitro antiprotozoal activity of extract and compounds from the stem bark of Combretum molle". Phytotherapy Research. 15 (7): 613–617. doi:10.1002/ptr.897. PMID 11746844.
  2. ^ a b Ojewole, J. A. (2008). "Cardiovascular effects of mollic acid glucoside, a 1alpha-hydroxycycloartenoid saponin extractive from Combretum molle R Br ex G Don (Combretaceae) leaf". Cardiovascular journal of Africa. 19 (3): 128–134. PMID 18568171.
  3. ^ Pegel, K. H.; Rogers, C. B. (1985). "The characterisation of mollic acid 3?-D-xyloside and its genuine aglycone mollic acid, two novel 1?-hydroxycycloartenoids from combretum molle". Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1: 1711. doi:10.1039/P19850001711.
  4. ^ Asres, K.; Mazumder, A.; Bucar, F. (2006). "Antibacterial and antifungal activities of extracts of combretum molle". Ethiopian medical journal. 44 (3): 269–277. PMID 17447394.

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