Come Out, Ye Black and Tans

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Come Out, Ye Black and Tans is an Irish rebel song referring to the Black and Tans, or "special reserve constables" (mainly former World War I army soldiers), recruited in Great Britain and sent to Ireland from 1920, to reinforce the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) during the Irish War of Independence.[1][2] The song was written by Dominic Behan as a tribute to his Irish Republican Army (IRA) father Stephen,[3] who had fought in the War of Independence, and is concerned with political divisions in working-class Dublin of the 1920s.[1] The song uses the term "Black and Tans" in the pejorative sense against people living in Dublin, both Catholic and Protestant, who were pro-British.[2][1] The most notable recording was in 1972 by the Irish traditional music group, The Wolfe Tones, which re-charted in 2020.[1]

Authorship[edit]

The song is attributed to Irish songwriter Dominic Behan, who was born into the literary Behan family in Dublin in 1928 (his brother was Brendan Behan).[1][2] The date when the song was written is not recorded, but Behan was active as a songwriter from 1958 onwards. The setting of the song is the Dublin into which Behan was born in the late 1920s, and the main character in the song (who is calling his neighbours "Black and Tans"), is believed to be Behan's father, Stephen Behan,[3] who was a prominent Irish republican, and who had fought in the Irish War of Independence and the Irish Civil War.[1][2] At times, the song's authorship has been mistakenly attributed to Stephen Behan.[1]

The melody of the song was adapted by Behan from an old air, Rosc Catha na Mumhan (Irish for "Battlecry of Munster"), by Piaras Mac Gearailt [ga] (Pierce FitzGerald, c. 1709 – c. 1792), which is also used by the loyalist song The Boyne Water.[1]

Lyrics[edit]

A group of Black and Tans and Auxiliaries outside the London and North Western Hotel in Dublin following an IRA attack, April 1921
A green area of Killeshandra

While the song title and lyrics refer to the Black and Tans from the War of Independence, the song itself is a dispute between republican and unionist neighbours in inner-city Dublin in the Irish Free State era of the mid-1920s.[1] During this era, Dublin continued to elect unionist pro-British politicians and voluntary service in the British Army was a popular career choice amongst working-class Dubliners, for both Catholics and Protestants.[1][2] Supporting this tradition was the existence of a relatively large, and now generally forgotten and disappeared, Dublin Protestant working class. It is this pro-British working class, of both religions, that the composer is confronting in the song (a noted representation of this cultural group is Bessie Burgess in the Seán O'Casey play The Plough and the Stars).[1]

In the chorus, the composer is pejoratively labelling his Dublin neighbours, who are pro-British and ex-British army ("show your wife how you won medals down in Flanders"). He calls them "Black and Tans", and asks them to come out and "fight me like a man", stating that the "IRA" (Irish Republican Army), had made the Black and Tans "run like hell away" from rural Ireland such as the "green and lovely lanes of Killeshandra" (which is in County Cavan, and where, in 1922, ex-RIC and Black and Tan soldiers were forced to flee the town after being given a few days warning to leave by the local IRA[4]).[2]

The lyrics make references to the history of Irish nationalism, and the conflicts of the British Army against opponents with inferior weaponry: "Come tell us how you slew them poor Arabs two by two / Like the Zulus, they had spears and bows and arrows".[2][1] The lyrics reference the disdain by his neighbours (saying "sneers and jeers that you loudly let us hear"), to the execution of the leaders of the 1916 Easter Rising, and to the fall of the Irish nationalist political leader, Charles Stuart Parnell.[1]

There are variations of the original lyrics that incorporate references to more modern events in Irish nationalism, such as The Troubles.

Recordings[edit]

Wolfe Tones[edit]

The most notable recording of the song was by the Irish traditional group, The Wolfe Tones, who recorded the song on their 1972 album, Let the People Sing, and which credited the writing of the song to Joe Giltrap and Wes McGhee (who were traditional musicians but not band members), and an "unknown PD writer".[1] The Wolfe Tones version of the song recharted in 2019–2020 (see below),[5] and the group posted on their Twitter account that the proceeds from the re-charting would be donated to an Irish homeless charity run by Peter McVerry.[6]

Others[edit]

The song has been recorded by other artists including:

21st-century use[edit]

Celtic football club[edit]

In an article about the violence and bigotry surrounding Old Firm football matches, the Irish Independent said: "Then there's the stereotypical image of the Celtic supporters wearing T-shirts of 'undefeated army' and having their phones ringing to the sound of 'Come out ye black and tans'".[7]

Advertising campaigns[edit]

In March 2019, Irish food company, Brady Family Ham, released an advertising video that went viral, which used the tune of the song but with amended lyrics, and replacing the word "Tan" with "Ham", that was directed by Father Ted director, Declan Lowney.[8][1][9]

This Time with Alan Partridge (2019)[edit]

In March 2019, episode four of Steve Coogan’s This Time with Alan Partridge, ended with a rendition of Come Out, Ye Black and Tans by Coogan, acting in-character as the fictional Irish performer Martin Brennan (played as an eccentric rural Irish farmer).[2] The Guardian reported that: "Irish Twitter went wild and the Wolfe Tones’ rendition of the song started to penetrate foreign consciousness on easily the biggest scale since Behan apparently put pen to paper".[2] RTE News called it "the TV moment of the year".[10]

RIC commemoration (2020)[edit]

In January 2020, The Wolfe Tones' version of "Come Out Ye Black and Tans" reached number 1 on the Ireland and UK iTunes charts, as part of "widespread criticism" of the (Irish) Government's planned commemoration of the RIC, as part of its "Decade of Commemoration" (commemorating the events of 1912–1922 in Ireland).[11][12] As a result of this, on 10 January, the song entered the Irish Singles Chart at No. 33,[13] and also debuted at No. 1 in the Scottish Singles Chart, which only counts paid-for sales and does not include streaming.[14][2]

2020 Irish general election[edit]

The song was used on occasions by Irish political party Sinn Féin, during the 2020 Irish general election,[15][16] and was listed in the "10 defining moments" of the election by the Irish Independent.[12]

Charts[edit]

The Wolfe Tones version

Chart (2020) Peak
position
Australia Digital Tracks (ARIA)[17] 19
Ireland (IRMA)[18] 29
Scotland (OCC)[19] 1

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Deirdre Falvey (20 March 2019). "Come Out Ye Black and Tans: Think you know what it's about? You probably don't". Irish Times. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Brian Coney (14 January 2020). "How Alan Partridge helped Come Out Ye Black and Tans top the charts". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  3. ^ a b Frank McNally (13 February 2020). "Come Out Ye Drunken Dads – Frank McNally on the curious reinvention of a spoof rebel song". Irish Times. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  4. ^ Brian Hughes (October 2019). Defying the IRA?: Intimidation, coercion, and communities during the Irish Revolution (Reappraisals in Irish History). Liverpool University Press. p. 198. ISBN 978-1789620764.
  5. ^ Nick Reilly (9 January 2020). "The Wolfe Tones' rebel song 'Come Out Ye Black and Tans' tops UK and Ireland iTunes charts". NME. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  6. ^ Rachel O'Connor (10 January 2020). "The Wolfe Tones are donating all proceeds from 'Come Out Ye Black and Tans' sales to homeless charity". The Irish Post. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  7. ^ Aidan O'Hara (14 March 2011). "'If people want to hit their wives, not watching Scott Brown or El-Hadji Diouf won't make much difference'". Irish Independent. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  8. ^ Deirdre Falvey (13 March 2019). "Brady Family Ham's Black and Tans: the perfect ad for the Brexit era". Irish Times. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  9. ^ Sarah Peppard (13 March 2019). "Watch Kildare's Brady Family's hilarious video to the tune of "Come out, ye Black and Tans"". Leinster Leader. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  10. ^ "Watch: Alan Partridge just gave us the TV moment of the year". RTE News. 19 March 2019. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  11. ^ "Come Out Ye Black And Tans is number 1 in Irish and UK iTunes charts". The Irish Times. 10 January 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  12. ^ a b Cormac McQuinn (8 February 2020). "General Election 2020: The 10 defining moments". Irish Independent. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  13. ^ "Justin Bieber scores the highest new entry on the Official Irish Singles Chart with Yummy". Official Charts Company. 10 January 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  14. ^ "Official Scottish Singles Sales Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. 10 January 2020. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  15. ^ Brian Hutton (8 February 2020). "Sinn Féin's Dessie Ellis dismisses criticism of joining rebel sing-song". Irish Times. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  16. ^ Hugh O'Connell (9 February 2020). "Sinn Féin members sing 'Come Out Ye Black And Tans' as count celebrations begin in the RDS". Irish Independent. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  17. ^ "ARIA Australian Top 40 Digital Tracks" (PDF). Australian Recording Industry Association. 20 January 2020. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  18. ^ "Official Irish Singles Chart Top 50". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  19. ^ "Official Scottish Singles Sales Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 11 January 2020.

External links[edit]