Comiket

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Comic Market
The Cosplayers of Comiket 69.jpg
Elaborately dressed cosplayers at Comiket 69 in December 2005
Status Active
Venue Tokyo Big Sight
Location(s) Ariake, Tokyo
Country Japan
Inaugurated December 21, 1975
Attendance 550,000 in 2016 (winter) [1]
Activity Marketplace, industry floor, cosplay
Website
www.comiket.co.jp/index_e.html

Comiket (コミケット, Komiketto), otherwise known as the Comic Market (コミックマーケット, Komikku Māketto), is the world's largest dōjinshi fair, held twice a year in Tokyo, Japan.[2] The first Comiket was held on December 21, 1975, with only about 32 participating circles and an estimated 600 attendees.[3] Attendance has since swelled to over a half million people.[2]

It is a grassroots, DIY effort for selling dōjinshi, self-published Japanese works. As items sold in Comiket are considered very rare (because dōjinshi are seldom reprinted), some items sold at Comiket can be found in shops or on the Internet at prices up to 10 times the item's original price, and in certain cases, more than 100 times. The continuing operation of Comiket is the responsibility of the Comic Market Preparatory Committee (ComiketPC).

Origins[edit]

Fans lining up at the first edition of Comiket in 1975.

Comiket was founded in 1975 by Yoshihiro Yonezawa and a circle of friends, including Teruo Harada and Jun Aniwa, while they were studying at Meiji University. They wished to study manga and explore its potential, as commercial offerings were unchallenging and mainstream, following the closure of COM.[4][5][6] Comiket was also founded as a freer form of the SF Taikai convention.[7]

Time, date, and location[edit]

The lineup at Comiket 90 in August 2016

Comic Market is held twice a year; once in August, and once in December. These are typically referred to as NatsuComi (夏コミ, Natsukomi) and FuyuComi (冬コミ, Fuyukomi) (contractions of Summer and Winter Comiket) respectively. NatsuComi is three days long, and usually is held during the weekend around August 15. FuyuComi is two to three days long, and usually is held between December 28 and 31. The current convention location is the Tokyo Big Sight convention center near Ariake, in Odaiba, Kōtō, Tokyo. The major part of the convention runs from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., though the company booths run all the way until 5 p.m. On the last day of the convention, the company booths and Cosplay Square close an hour earlier, at 4 p.m. and 3 p.m. respectively.[8] Due to the popularity of the event, the official Comic Market website advises first-time attendees to arrive in the afternoon to avoid having to wait in line.[9] Those arriving at 10 a.m. can expect to wait in line for about an hour before being able to enter. Attendees who arrive on the first train can expect to wait about five hours before entering at roughly 10 or 10:30 a.m.[8]

By year[edit]

No. Year Date Dōjin circles[10] Attendants[10][a] Venues[10]
1 1975 21 December 32 700 Nissho Hall (ja)
2 1976 4 April 39 550 Itabashi Industrial Union Building (板橋産業連合会館)
3 25 July 56 500
4 19 December 80 700
5 1977 10 April 94 1,300 Ōta City Industrial Building (大田区産業会館)
6 30–31 July[b] 100 2,000
7 18 December 131 2,500
8 1978 2 April 144 2,000
CS1[c] 6 May Unknown 250 Yotsuya Public Hall (四谷公会堂)
9 29–30 July 200 3,000
[d] 15 November Unknown Unknown Hitotsubashi University Kunitachi Campus
10 17 December 200 3,000 Ōta City Industrial Building
11 1979 8 April 218 3,000
12 28–29 July 330 4,000 Tokyo Metropolitan Industrial Trade Center (ja)[e]
13 23 December 290 4,000 Ōta City Industrial Building
14 1980 11 May 380 6,000 Kawasaki Shimin Plaza (川崎市民プラザ)
15 14 September 340 7,000
16 14 December 340 7,000
17 1981 5 April 400 8,000
18 15–16 August 512 10,000 Yokohama Sanbo Hall (ja)
19 20 December 600 9,000 Harumi Fairgrounds (ja)
20 1982 21 March 780 9,000
21 8 August 970 10,000
22 26 December 1,060 8,000
23[f] 1983 3 April 1,200 13,000
24 7 August 1,500 18,000
25 25 December 1,550 25,000
26 1984 19 August 2,400 30,000
27 23 December 2,300 25,000
28 1985 11 August 3,450 30,000
29 29 December 4,000 30,000
30 1986 10 August 3,900 35,000
31 27–28 December 4,400 40,000 Tokyo Ryutsu Center (ja)
32 1987 8–9 August 4,400 60,000
33 26–27 December 4,400 55,000
34 1988 13–14 August 9,200 70,000 Harumi Fairgrounds (ja)
35 1989 25–26 March 8,900 70,000
36 13–14 August 10,000 100,000
37 23–24 December 11,000 120,000 Makuhari Messe
38 1990 18–19 August 13,000 230,000
39 23–24 December 13,000 250,000
40 1991 16–17 August 11,000 200,000 Harumi Fairgrounds (ja)
41 29–30 December 14,000 200,000
42 1992 15–16 August 12,000 250,000
43 29–30 December 15,000 180,000
44 1993 15–16 August 15,000 250,000
45 29–30 December 16,000 200,000
46 1994 7–8 August 16,000 240,000
47 29–30 December 16,000 200,000
48 1995 18–20 August[g] 22,000 250,000
49 29–30 December 16,000 220,000
CS2[h] 1996 17 March 1,300 8,000
50 3–4 August 18,000 350,000 Tokyo Big Sight
51 28–29 December 22,000 220,000
52 1997 15–17 August 33,000 400,000
53 28–29 December 22,000 300,000
54 1998 14–16 August 33,000 380,000
55 29–30 December 23,000 300,000
56 1999 13–15 August 35,000 400,000
57 24–26 December 25,000 320,000
CS3[i] 2000 13–15 August 200 1,500 Okinawa Convention Center
58 11–13 August 35,000 430,000 Tokyo Big Sight
59 29–30 December 23,000 300,000
60[11] 2001 10–12 August 35,000 480,000
61[12] 29–31 December 23,000 360,000
62[13] 2002 9–11 August 35,000 480,000
63[14] 28–30 December 35,000 450,000
64[15] 2003 15–17 August 35,000 460,000
65[16] 28–30 December 35,000 420,000
66[17] 2004 15–17 August 35,000 510,000
67[18] 28–30 December 23,000 370,000
CS4[19][j] 2005 21 March 3,400 50,000
68[20] 12–14 August 35,000 480,000
69[21] 29–30 December 23,000 350,000
70[22] 2006 11–13 August 35,000 430,000
71[23] 29–31 December[k] 35,000 440,000
72[24] 2007 17–19 August 35,000 550,000
73[25] 29–31 December 35,000 500,000
74[26] 2008 15–17 August 35,000 550,000
75[27] 28–30 December 35,000 510,000
76[28] 2009 14–16 August 35,000 560,000
77[29] 29–31 December 35,000 510,000
CS5[30][l] 2010 14–16 August 1,500 33,000 Isejin Izumi-cho Kita Building (伊勢甚泉町北ビル)
78[31] 13–15 August 35,000 560,000 Tokyo Big Sight
79[32] 29–31 December 35,000 520,000
80[33] 2011 12–14 August 35,000 540,000
81[34] 29–31 December 35,000 500,000
82[35] 2012 10–12 August 35,000 560,000
83[36] 29–31 December 35,000 550,000
84[37] 2013 10–12 August 35,000 590,000
85[38] 29–31 December 35,000 520,000
86[39] 2014 15–17 August 35,000 550,000
87[40] 28–30 December 35,000 560,000
CS6[41][m] 2015 28–29 March 5,200 50,000 Makuhari Messe
88[42] 14–16 August 35,000 550,000 Tokyo Big Sight
89[43] 29–31 December 35,000 520,000
90[44] 2016 12–14 August 34,000 530,000
91[45] 29–31 December 36,000 550,000
92[46] 2017 11–13 August 32,000 500,000
Note
  1. ^ Estimated by the event's organizer
  2. ^ Firstever "2 days" Comiket.
  3. ^ Held as the first "Comiket Special" (コミケスペシャル).
  4. ^ Held as the "Comic Market in Ikkyosai" (コミックマーケットin一橋祭).
  5. ^ Held in the Taitō Building of the center. Due to have caused a small fire, held only once in this venue.
  6. ^ The last annual-spring-event
  7. ^ Firstever "3 days" Comiket.
  8. ^ Held as the "Farewell Harumi!! Comiket Special" (さよなら晴海!!コミケットスペシャル). An event by invited circles and attendants.
  9. ^ Held as the "Resort Comiket in Okinawa. Comiket Special 3" (リゾコミin沖縄コミケットスペシャル3).
  10. ^ Held as the "30th Anniversary 24 Hours (!?) of Comiket Special 4" (30周年記念24耐(!?)コミケットスペシャル4).
  11. ^ Firstever Ōmisoka Comiket.
  12. ^ Held as the "Comiket Special 5 in Mito" (コみケッとスペシャル5 in 水戸).
  13. ^ Held as the "Comiket Special 6 Otaku Sumit 2015" (コミケットスペシャル6 OTAKU SUMMIT 2015).

Size[edit]

In 1982, there were fewer than 10,000 attendees at Comiket. However, by 1989, there were over 100,000 attendees.[47] Approximately 35,000 sellers, known as circles, participate in each edition of Comiket. Attendee numbers topped half a million for the first time during Comic Market 66, in August 2004.[48] since Comic Market 72 in 2007, attendee numbers have fluctuated in the region of 500,000 for the winter edition and 560,000 for the summer edition.[49] Comiket 82 took place on 10–12 August 2012 and attracted an estimated 560,000 attendees.[50] Because there is no registration requirement for non-seller attendees, these attendee numbers are estimates based on how many people enter Tokyo Big Sight during the days of the convention. The estimates count the number of visits to the convention site rather than the number of individuals who attend; many participate on only one day, but others return once or even twice during the convention.

Because of the extreme number of people gathering in a single place, mobile phone companies set up temporary antennas that are usually employed when stationary antennas are out of service. Area hotels, trains, and bus services also make special arrangements to accommodate the large crowds. Since Comiket's inception, artist attendance (so called 'circle participants') has been predominantly female, though there have been recent changes in that in the last several Comikets. In Comiket 84, for example, women comprised 57% of the 'circle participants' while men comprised 43%. Meanwhile, attendees at the convention itself tend to favour men. In Comiket 78, for example, men comprised 64.4% of general participants while women only comprised 35.6%. However, depending greatly on the year, the participation by various genders has fluctuated wildly.[51]

Catalog[edit]

The Comiket Catalog contains information about the buyers and sellers at Comiket, and other general event information. It is available in print and DVD-ROM format, and as of Comiket 83 is available freely online.[52] The print version is roughly the size of an average phone book. It contains lists of all the participating circles, maps of the convention layout, maps and directions to get to and from the convention, rules for the convention, results from surveys held among Comiket participants, articles about topics relevant for dōjinshi creators, and one to two pictures ("circle cuts") for every participating circle.

The catalog is no longer required for admittance, unlike most Japanese conventions, but without it the event is nearly impossible to navigate. Catalogs are often sold at tents in and around the event for the benefit of latecomers.

The DVD-ROM edition of the catalog includes the following features:

  • Advanced search functions by day, location, circle, title, genre, etc.
  • Custom color-coded checklist creation
  • Customized map and list printing with customizeable lists and fields
  • Clickable layout map for navigation
  • Importing and exporting circle and image data (presumably for new versions)
  • Saving lists as .csv files for use in a spreadsheet program

To date, there is no English edition of the catalog available. The catalog does contain a four-page basic guide for attending Comiket in English, Chinese, and Korean. This same guide is freely available on Comiket's official website.[53]

The Comiket website usually has a list of stores (by prefecture) where the catalog can be ordered.[54] Not all stores have the DVD-ROM version, and some may not have the print version. This is also on the list of stores on the Comiket homepage. Catalogs can be ordered from overseas, depending on the store. The catalog typically comes out two weeks before the convention, up until the first day of Comiket.

Derivative trends in Comiket
Dōjin circles counted by the original work that is the basis for the derivative works, from Comiket 84 (August 2013) to Comiket 92 (August 2017)[55][56][57][58]

Related conventions[edit]

In Taiwan and Hong Kong, there are conventions similar to Comiket (Comic World in Taiwan (CWT) and Comic World in Hong Kong (CWHK)). These conventions are regularly held and attract both male and female fans. The trend of this type of comic related/dōjinshi conventions has spread to the Western world, e.g., Anime Expo (held annually in the U.S.A.) and Japan Expo (held in Paris, France). They exhibit comics, illustrations, musics, and videos of Japanese pop culture. Comiket inspired the New Zealand Doujin Overload convention (now called Overload) which began in Auckland in 2006 and has since expanded to include non-anime artists.[59]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Comic Market 91 Attracts 550,000 Attendees Across 3 Days". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2017-02-22. 
  2. ^ a b McCarthy, Helen (2006). "Manga: A Brief History". 500 Manga Heroes & Villains. Hauppauge, New York, USA: Chrysalis Book Group. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-7641-3201-8. 
  3. ^ Wilson, Brent; Toku, Masami (2003). "'Boys' Love,' Yaoi, and Art Education: Issues of Power and Pedagogy". Visual Culture Research in Art and Education. Retrieved July 5, 2010.  Citing Inokai, K. (2000). "Manga dojinshi-shi" [History of manga dojinshi]. Comic Fan (in Japanese) (10): 4–59. 
  4. ^ Schodt, Frederik L. (1996). Dreamland Japan: Writings on Modern Manga. Stone Bridge Press. p. 40. ISBN 978-1-880656-23-5. 
  5. ^ "World's Biggest Underground Comic Convention". Anime News Network. August 17, 2000. Retrieved May 5, 2009. 
  6. ^ Kinsella, Sharon (2005) [2000]. "Amateur Manga Subculture and the Otaku Incident". In Gelder, Ken (ed.). The Subcultures Reader (2nd ed.). London; New York: Routledge. pp. 542–543. ISBN 978-0-415-34415-9. OCLC 57530654. 
  7. ^ Galbraith, Patrick L. (June 14, 2009). "New university library puts focus on the fans". The Japan Times. Retrieved July 26, 2009. 
  8. ^ a b "コミックマーケット76のご案内" [Guide to Comic Market 76]. 一般参加者サポートページ ({Comiket} General Participant Support Page) (in Japanese). Comiket Inc. Retrieved July 5, 2010. 
  9. ^ "To Attendees from Overseas: Comic Market (Comiket) 76". ComicMarket WebSite To Attendees from Overseas. Comiket Inc. Retrieved July 5, 2010. 
  10. ^ a b c "Comic Market Chronology" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  11. ^ Yoshihiro Yonezawa. "Comic Market 60 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  12. ^ Yoshihiro Yonezawa. "Comic Market 61 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  13. ^ Yoshihiro Yonezawa. "Comic Market 62 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  14. ^ Yoshihiro Yonezawa. "Comic Market 63 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  15. ^ Yoshihiro Yonezawa. "Comic Market 64 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  16. ^ Yoshihiro Yonezawa. "Comic Market 65 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  17. ^ Yoshihiro Yonezawa. "Comic Market 66 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
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  20. ^ Yoshihiro Yonezawa. "Comic Market 68 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  21. ^ Yoshihiro Yonezawa. "Comic Market 69 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  22. ^ "Comic Market 70 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  23. ^ "Comic Market 71 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2007-01-25. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  24. ^ "Comic Market 72 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  25. ^ "Comic Market 73 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2008-02-04. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  26. ^ "Comic Market 74 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2008-09-23. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  27. ^ "Comic Market 75 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2009-02-01. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  28. ^ "Comic Market 76 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2009-11-18. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
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  30. ^ "Comic Market Special 5 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2010-06-20. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  31. ^ "Comic Market 78 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2010-11-15. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  32. ^ "Comic Market 79 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2011-02-10. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  33. ^ "Comic Market 80 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2011-09-09. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  34. ^ "Comic Market 81 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2012-03-22. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  35. ^ "Comic Market 82 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2012-11-15. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  36. ^ "Comic Market 83 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2013-06-14. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  37. ^ "Comic Market 84 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2013-10-23. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  38. ^ "Comic Market 85 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2014-06-16. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  39. ^ "Comic Market 86 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2014-11-18. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  40. ^ "Comic Market 87 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2015-06-19. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  41. ^ "Comic Market Special 6 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  42. ^ "Comic Market 88 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2015-11-24. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  43. ^ "Comic Market 89 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2016-02-12. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  44. ^ "Comic Market 90 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2016-11-05. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  45. ^ "Comic Market 91 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. 2017-06-19. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  46. ^ "Comic Market 92 Report" (in Japanese). Comic Market official website. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  47. ^ Mizoguchi Akiko (2003). "Male-Male Romance by and for Women in Japan: A History and the Subgenres of Yaoi Fictions". U.S.-Japan Women’s Journal, 25: 49-75.
  48. ^ "Comic Market 66 After Report". Comiket. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  49. ^ "Comic Market Nenpyō (Comic Market chronology)". Comiket. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  50. ^ "Comic Market 82 After Report". Comiket. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  51. ^ "コミックマーケットとは何か? 2014年1月] - コミックマーケット準備会" [What is the Comic Market? January 2014] - Comic Market Preparatory Committee] (PDF). Comiket.co.jp (in Japanese). August 2, 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 March 2014.  (Comiket 84 pie chart is on page 19)
  52. ^ "Comiket WEB CATALOG". Retrieved December 27, 2012. 
  53. ^ "ComicMarket WebSite To Attendees from Overseas". Comiket. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  54. ^ "Komiketto katarogu toriatsukaiten no goannai". Comiket. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  55. ^ Green, Scott. "Top Doujinshi Events Most Popular By The Numbers". Crunchyroll. Retrieved 28 December 2016. 
  56. ^ Green, Scott. "With Slight Movement, "KanColle," "Touhou" And "Touken Ranbu" Continue To Dominate Comiket Doujinshi". Crunchyroll. Retrieved 28 December 2016. 
  57. ^ myrmecoleon. "過去最大規模のコミックマーケット91の二次創作人気を調査". ASCII.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 28 December 2016. 
  58. ^ myrmecoleon. "夏コミはFateが劇的拡大! ユーリも人気/恒例の次回サークル数増減予想も". ASCII.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 16 August 2017. 
  59. ^ "Overload: History". Website. Overload. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°37′51″N 139°47′48″E / 35.63083°N 139.79667°E / 35.63083; 139.79667