Comilla District

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Comilla
কুমিল্লা জেলা
Cumilla District
Aerial view of Comilla city from a high-rise building 2.jpg
Shah Shuja Mosque, 2019-01-05 (44).jpg
Shalban Vihara (2).jpg
Beautiful Nature Barura Upazila, Bangladesh in 2019.96.jpg
Beautiful Comilla 01 (14488956504).jpg
Clockwise from top-left: Skyline of Comilla, Shah Shuja Mosque, Fields in Barura Upazila, Gomti River, Shalban Vihara in Mainamati
Location of Comilla within Bangladesh
Location of Comilla within Bangladesh
Expandable map of Comilla
Coordinates: 23°16′N 91°07′E / 23.27°N 91.12°E / 23.27; 91.12Coordinates: 23°16′N 91°07′E / 23.27°N 91.12°E / 23.27; 91.12
Country Bangladesh
DivisionChittagong Division
CapitalComilla
Government
 • Deputy CommissionerMd. Kamrul Hasan [1]
 • District Council ChairmanAbu Taher [2]
 • Chief Executive OfficerMd. Helal Uddin [3]
Area
 • Total3,146.30 km2 (1,214.79 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)[4]
 • Total5,387,288
 • Density1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
HDI (2018)0.614[5]
medium · 7th of 21
Notable sport teamsComilla Victorians

Comilla District, officially known as Cumilla District,[6] is a district of Bangladesh located about 100 kilometres south east of Dhaka. Comilla is bordered by Brahmanbaria and Narayanganj districts to the north, Noakhali and Feni districts to the south, Tripura of India to the east and Munshiganj and Chandpur districts to the west. Comilla district is located in the southeastern part of Bangladesh.[7]

History[edit]

World War II cemetery in Mainamati.

The name Cumilla is derived from the Bengali word Komolangko (Bengali: কমলাঙ্ক), the previous ancient name of the region, which means 'lotus pond'. The present Comilla is a district under the Chittagong Division. It was once under ancient Samatata and later became part of the state of Tripura. As far as is known from the ancient archeology found in the region, Gupta emperors ruled Tripura since the fifth century AD. According to historians, the Buddhist Deva dynasty ruled the region from the seventh to the middle of the eighth century. In the ninth century, Comilla came under the control of the kings of Harikela and then ruled by the Chandra dynasty during the tenth and mid-eleventh century AD. Later on, it was ruled by the Mughals and then it came under the rule of East India Company in 1765.

In order to facilitate revenue collection, the company hired a district collector in the province in 1769. Comilla then belonged to the province of Dhaka. Comilla was made under the office of the district collector in 1776. The Tripura Collector's journey began with the formation of Tippera or Tipperah district of Bengal by the British in 1790.[8] According to the Third Regulation in 1793, a civil judge was appointed for the Tripura district and in that year he was given magisterial powers. In 1837, the posts of magistrates and collectors were separated. In 1859, these two posts were merged again. After the partition in 1947, the district was renamed Comilla in 1960 and the post of district magistrate and collector was named deputy commissioner.[9] Chandpur and Brahmanbaria sub-divisions of this district became districts in 1984.

Geography and climate[edit]

Comilla has a total area of 3146.30.17 square kilometres. It is bounded by Brahmanbaria district and Narayanganj district of Dhaka division to the north, Munshiganj district of Dhaka division and Chandpur district to the west, Noakhali and Feni districts to the south and the Indian state of Tripura to the east. The district headquarters of Comilla is located close to the Indian border, with the town of Sonamura on the other side. Major rivers passing through Comilla include the Gumti and the Little Feni. It is hot in summer and cold in winter.[7]

The district is primarily plain land.

Administration[edit]

The administrative headquarters of Comilla are located in the city of Comilla which has a total area of 11.47 square kilometres. It consists of 18 mouzas and 3 wards. Comilla thana was officially converted into an upazila in 1983 which contains one municipality, 18 wards, 19 union parishads, 452 mouzas, and 458 villages.[7]

Administrator of Zila Parishad: M. Omar Faruque[10]

Deputy Commissioner (DC): Md Jahangir Alam[11]

Subdistricts[edit]

Comilla district consists of the following Upazilas:[12]

  1. Barura Upazila
  2. Brahmanpara Upazila
  3. Burichong Upazila
  4. Comilla Sadar Upazila
  5. Comilla Sadar Dakshin Upazila
  6. Chandina Upazila
  7. Chauddagram Upazila
  8. Daudkandi Upazila
  9. Debidwar Upazila
  10. Homna Upazila
  11. Laksam Upazila
  12. Lalmai Upazila
  13. Monohorgonj Upazila
  14. Meghna Upazila
  15. Muradnagar Upazila
  16. Nangalkot Upazila
  17. Titas Upazila

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Comilla District had a population of 5,387,288, of which 2,575,018 were males and 2,812,270 females. Rural population was 4,546,962 (84.40%) while the urban population was 840,326 (15.60%). Comilla district had a literacy rate of 53.32% for the population 7 years and above: 54.08% for males and 52.65% for females.[13]

Religions in Comilla district (2011)[13]
Religion Percent
Muslims
95.10%
Hindus
3.79%
Christians
1.00%
Other or not stated
0.11%

Muslims make up 95.10% of the population, while Hindus are 4.79% of the population Christians are 1.00% total population. There are nearly 5,000 Buddhists in the district.[13]

Economy[edit]

Manufacturers of popular Comilla sweetmeats are mostly based on this Manoharpur area of the main town.

Mainly based on agriculture, the economy of Comilla has flourished through trade and cottage industries, especially the 'Khadi' textile. For the economic development of the region the "Bangladesh Export Processing Zone Authority" has established the "Comilla Export Processing Zone" spread over an area of 104.44 hectares (258.1 acres) in the Comilla Airport area in 2000.[14] The export zone employs 20 thousand people as of 2013.[15]

Places of interest[edit]

Landmarks include Kotbari, a cantonment, or military installation and Kandirpar, considered the heart of the Comilla district. Ancient Buddhist monastery ruins are the major attraction of Mainamati, near Kotbari. There is an ancient Hindu Temple named Comilla Jagannath Temple located on East Bibirbazar Road. There is also the recently constructed Allah Chattar, a tower in Muradnagar.

A Second World War cemetery, Mainamati War Cemetery, lies about 3.1 kilometres (1.9 mi) away from Comilla Cantonment, which was a frontier military base in the fight against the Japanese who had occupied Burma. British Army soldiers killed during the fight with the Japanese Army at the Burma (Myanmar) frontier were buried here.[16] Pashchimgaon Nawab Bari, the place of only lady Jaminder Nawab Faizunnesa, a poet, educationist and a philanthropist.[17]

Kazi Nazrul Islam, the national poet of Bangladesh, passed a significant time of his life in this town. Both his wives, Promila Devi and Nargis, hailed from this district.[18]

Comilla Victoria College and Comilla Zilla School are here, the latter since 1837.[19] Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD) is situated in Kotbari. The area saw the development of Comilla Model.[20]

Education[edit]

Notable people[edit]

The following people were either born or stayed in this district for a significant span of their lifetime:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Deputy Commissioners". pmis.mopa.gov.bd.
  2. ^ "কুমিল্লা জেলা". www.comilla.gov.bd.
  3. ^ "কুমিল্লা জেলা". www.comilla.gov.bd.
  4. ^ "Scheduled Languages in descending order of speaker's strength - 2011" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 November 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  5. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  6. ^ Mahadi Al Hasnat (2 April 2018). "Mixed reactions as govt changes English spellings of 5 district names". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  7. ^ a b c Siddiqi, Mamun (2012). "Comilla District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  8. ^ "Gazetteer - Bengal District Gazetteer Tipperah District - South Asia Archive". www.southasiaarchive.com.
  9. ^ "কুমিল্লা জেলা". www.comilla.gov.bd.
  10. ^ "AL men appointed administrators". The Daily Star. 16 December 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Outcry over Comilla DC's misbehaviour with journos". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  12. ^ Upazilas of Comilla Archived 24 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Bangladesh Government.
  13. ^ a b c "Bangladesh Population & Housing Census 2011(Zila aeries)". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
  14. ^ "Profile Of Zone Comilla | Comilla EPZ". www.bepza.gov.bd. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  15. ^ "9 new units to start production in Comilla EPZ soon". Dhaka Tribune. Archived from the original on 20 September 2017. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Tributes paid at Maynamati War Cemetery". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  17. ^ "Choudhurani, Nawab Faizunnesa". Banglapedia. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  18. ^ "Islam, Kazi Nazrul". Banglapedia. Archived from the original on 6 July 2017. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Comilla Zila School". Banglapedia. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  20. ^ Binswanger-Mkhize, Hans P.; Regt, Jacomina P. de; Spector, Stephen (12 February 2010). Local and Community Driven Development: Moving to Scale in Theory and Practice. World Bank Publications. p. 32. ISBN 9780821381953.
  21. ^ http://www.comillarkagoj.com/2016/05/29/23242.php[dead link]
  22. ^ "Life sketch of newly appointed Chief Justice of Bangladesh". Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha. 23 December 2009. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  23. ^ Khan, Saleh Athar (2012). "Ahmad, Khondakar Mostaq". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.

External links[edit]