Comilla District

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Comilla
কুমিল্লা জেলা
District
Cumilla
Location of Comilla in Bangladesh
Location of Comilla in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 23°16′N 91°07′E / 23.27°N 91.12°E / 23.27; 91.12Coordinates: 23°16′N 91°07′E / 23.27°N 91.12°E / 23.27; 91.12
Country  Bangladesh
Division Chittagong Division
Capital Comilla
Area
 • Total 3,146.30 km2 (1,214.79 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[1]
 • Total 5,387,288
 • Density 1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Notable sport teams Comilla Victorians

Comilla District , officially known as Cumilla District,[2] is a district of Bangladesh located about 100 kilometres south east of Dhaka. Comilla is bordered by Brahmanbaria and Narayanganj districts to the north, Noakhali and Feni districts to the south, Tripura of India to the east, and Munshiganj and Chandpur districts to the west.It has its own cricket Team .

History[edit]

The area of Bengal in the 16th century, showing Greater Comilla and Greater Noakhali as Tipera and Bollua
World War II cemetery in Mainamati.

Established as the Tippera or Tipperah district of Bengal by the British in 1790,[3] it included the Sub-divisions of Brahmanbaria and Chandpur which eventually became separate districts in 1984.The district was renamed Comilla in 1960. Comilla district is located in the south eastern part of Bangladesh.[4]

Geography and climate[edit]

Comilla has a total area of 3085.17 square kilometres. It is bounded by Burchiganj and Tripura on the north, Laksham and Chauddagram on the south, and Barura on the west. Major rivers passing through Comilla include the Gumti and the Little Feni.[4]

Administration[edit]

The administrative headquarters of Comilla are located in the city of Comilla which has a total area of 11.47 square kilometres. It consists of 18 mouzas and 3 wards. Comilla thana was officially converted into an upazila in 1983 which contains one municipality 18 wards, 19 union parishads, 452 mouzas and 458 villages.[4]

Administrator of Zila Parishad: M. Omar Faruque[5]

Deputy Commissioner (DC): Md Jahangir Alam[6]

Subdistricts[edit]

Comilla district consists of the following Upazilas:[7]

  1. Barura Upazila
  2. Brahmanpara Upazila
  3. Burichong Upazila
  4. Comilla Sadar Upazila
  5. Comilla Sadar Dakshin Upazila
  6. Chandina Upazila
  7. Chauddagram Upazila
  8. Daudkandi Upazila
  9. Debidwar Upazila
  10. Homna Upazila
  11. Laksam Upazila
  12. Lalmai Upazila
  13. Monohorgonj Upazila
  14. Meghna Upazila
  15. Muradnagar Upazila
  16. Nangalkot Upazila
  17. Titas Upazila

Economy[edit]

Manufacturers of popular Comilla sweetmeats are mostly based on this Manoharpur area of the main town.

Mainly based on agriculture, the economy of Comilla has been flourished through trade and cottage industries, especially the 'Khadi' textile. For the economic development of the region the "Bangladesh Export Processing Zone Authority" has established the "Comilla Export Processing Zone" spread over an area of 104.44 hectares (258.1 acres) in the Comilla Airport area in 2000.[8] The export zone employs 20 thousand people as of 2013.[9]

Places of interest[edit]

Important landmarks include Kotbari, a cantonment, or military installation and Kandirpar, considered the heart of the Comilla district. Ancient Buddhist monastery ruins are the major attraction of Mainamati, near Kotbari. There is an ancient Hindu Temple named Comilla Jagannath Temple located on East Bibirbazar Road.

There is a Second World War cemetery, Mainamati War Cemetery, located about 3.1 kilometres (1.9 mi) away from Comilla Cantonment, which was a frontier military base in the fight against the Japanese who had occupied Burma. British Army soldiers killed during the fight with the Japanese Army at the Burma (Myanmar) frontier were buried here.[10] Pashchimgaon Nawab Bari, the place of only lady Jaminder Nawab Faizunnesa, a poet, educationist and a philanthropist.[11]

Kazi Nazrul Islam, the national poet of Bangladesh, passed a significant time of his life in this town. Both his wives, Promila Devi and Nargis, hailed from this district.[12]

Comilla Victoria College and Comilla Zilla School are two old and renowned college and school in the country. Comilla Zilla School was established in the year of 1837.[13] Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD) is situated in Kotbari. The area also saw the development of Comilla Model.[14]

Situated by the bank of the river Ghumti, Comilla is also famous for some tanks such as 'Dharmasagar', 'Ranir Dighi', 'Nanuar Dighi', 'Ujir Dighi' etc.

Education[edit]

Notable people[edit]

The following personalities were either born or stayed in this district for a significant span of their lifetime:

See Also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population and Housing Census 2011" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 January 2013. 
  2. ^ Mahadi Al Hasnat (2 April 2018). "Mixed reactions as govt changes English spellings of 5 district names". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 8 April 2018. 
  3. ^ "Gazetteer - Bengal District Gazetteer Tipperah District - South Asia Archive". www.southasiaarchive.com. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  4. ^ a b c Siddiqi, Mamun (2012). "Comilla District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  5. ^ "AL men appointed administrators". The Daily Star. 2011-12-16. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  6. ^ "Outcry over Comilla DC's misbehaviour with journos | Dhaka Tribune". www.dhakatribune.com. Retrieved 2017-09-20. 
  7. ^ Upazilas of Comilla Archived 24 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. Bangladesh Government.
  8. ^ "Profile Of Zone Comilla | Comilla EPZ". www.bepza.gov.bd. Retrieved 2017-09-20. 
  9. ^ "9 new units to start production in Comilla EPZ soon | Dhaka Tribune". archive.dhakatribune.com. Retrieved 2017-09-20. 
  10. ^ "Tributes paid at Maynamati War Cemetery | Dhaka Tribune". www.dhakatribune.com. Retrieved 2017-09-20. 
  11. ^ "Choudhurani, Nawab Faizunnesa - Banglapedia". en.banglapedia.org. Retrieved 2017-09-20. 
  12. ^ "Islam, Kazi Nazrul - Banglapedia". en.banglapedia.org. Retrieved 2017-09-20. 
  13. ^ "Comilla Zila School - Banglapedia". en.banglapedia.org. Retrieved 2017-09-20. 
  14. ^ Binswanger-Mkhize, Hans P.; Regt, Jacomina P. de; Spector, Stephen (2010-02-12). Local and Community Driven Development: Moving to Scale in Theory and Practice. World Bank Publications. p. 32. ISBN 9780821381953. 
  15. ^ http://www.comillarkagoj.com/2016/05/29/23242.php

External links[edit]