Comilla District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the district. For the city, see Comilla. For the municipality, see Comilla City Corporation.
Comilla
কুমিল্লা জেলা
District
Location of Comilla in Bangladesh
Location of Comilla in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 23°16′N 91°07′E / 23.27°N 91.12°E / 23.27; 91.12Coordinates: 23°16′N 91°07′E / 23.27°N 91.12°E / 23.27; 91.12
Country  Bangladesh
Division Chittagong Division
Capital Comilla
Area
 • Total 3,146.30 km2 (1,214.79 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[1]
 • Total 5,387,288
 • Density 1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)
Time zone BST (UTC+6)

Comilla (Bengali: কুমিল্লা জেলা, Comilla Jela also Comilla Zila) is a district of Bangladesh located about 100 kilometers south east of Dhaka. Comilla is bordered by Brahmanbaria and Narayanganj districts to the north, Noakhali and Feni districts to the south, Tripura of India to the east, and Munshiganj and Chandpur districts to the west.

History[edit]

The district was renamed Comilla in 1960.[2] Established as the Tippera or Tipperah district of Bengal by the British in 1790,[3] it included the Sub-divisions of Brahmanbaria and Chandpur which eventually became separate districts in 1984. Comilla district is located in the south eastern part of Bangladesh. The naming of Comilla is debatable by historians. But among the current opinions fairly acceptable opinion found in the travel Writing of Chainik traveler “Wang Choang” when he traveled the Samtat state. In his description we found a name “Kiamolonkia” that turned into Comilla. A large portion of historians accept the opinion. The Comilla region was once under the ancient Samatat state and next included in Tripura State

Geography and climate[edit]

Today part of Comilla's Court Road
World War II cemetery in Mainamati.

Comilla has a total area of 3085.17 square kilometers. It is bounded by Burchiganj and Tripura on the north, Laksham and Chauddagram on the south, and Barura on the west. Major rivers passing through Comilla include the Gumti and the Little Feni.

Administrative headquarters[edit]

The administrative headquarters of Comilla are located in the city of Comilla which has a total area of 11.47 square kilometers. It consists of 18 mouzas and 3 wards. Comilla thana was officially converted into an upazilla in 1983 which contains one municipality 18 wards, 19 union parishads, 452 mouzas and 458 villages.

Administration[edit]

Administrator of Zila Parishad: M. Omar Faruque [1]

Deputy Commissioner (DC): Md. Rezaul Ahsan [2]

Subdistricts[edit]

Comilla district consists of the following Upazilas:[4]

  1. Barura Upazila
  2. Brahmanpara Upazila
  3. Burichong Upazila
  4. Chandina Upazila
  5. Chauddagram Upazila
  6. Daudkandi Upazila
  7. Debidwar Upazila
  8. Homna Upazila
  9. Comilla Sadar Upazila
  10. Laksam Upazila
  11. Monohorgonj Upazila
  12. Meghna Upazila
  13. Muradnagar Upazila
  14. Nangalkot Upazila
  15. Comilla Sadar Dakshin Upazila
  16. Titas Upazila

Union Parishad List[edit]

Union Parishad List[5]

Chandina Upazila:

  1. Keronkhal Union Parishad
  2. Barera Union Parishad
  3. Bara Karai Union Parishad
  4. Juag Union Parishad
  5. Borkuit Union Parishad
  6. Etbarpur Union Parishad
  7. Madhya Union Parishad
  8. Gallai Union Parishad
  9. Nawabpur Union Parishad
  10. Mahichail Union Parishad
  11. Maijkhar Union Parishad
  12. Batagashi Union Parishad
  13. Suhilpur Union Parishad

Daudkandi Upazila:

  1. Barpara Union Parishad
  2. Uttar Daudkandi Union Parishad
  3. Gouripur Union Parishad
  4. Uttar Elliotganj Union Parishad
  5. Dakshin Elliotganj Union Parishad
  6. Jinglatali Union Parishad
  7. Goalmari Union Parishad
  8. Maligaon Union Parishad
  9. Mohammadpur Paschim Union Parishad
  10. Purba Panchgachhia Union Parishad
  11. Paschim Panchgachhia Union Parishad
  12. Sundalpur Union Parishad
  13. Maruka Union Parishad
  14. Biteswar Union Parishad
  15. Padua Union Parishad

Debidwar Upazila:

  1. Bhani Union Parishad
  2. Bara Shalghar Union Parishad
  3. Elahabad Union Parishad
  4. Barkamta Union Parishad
  5. Dhamti Union Parishad
  6. Sultanpur Union Parishad
  7. Fatehabad Union Parishad
  8. Gunaighar Union Parishad
  9. Bankot Union Parishad
  10. Mohonpur Union Parishad
  11. Jaforganj Union Parishad
  12. Rajmehar Union Parishad
  13. Rasulpur Union Parishad
  14. Subil Union Parishad
  15. Yusufpur Union Parishad

Barura Upazila:

  1. Adda Union Parishad
  2. Adra Union Parishad
  3. Aganagar Union Parishad
  4. Bhabanipur Union Parishad
  5. Bhaukshar Union Parishad
  6. Deora Union Parishad
  7. Galimpur Union Parishad
  8. Chitodda Union Parishad
  9. Dakshin Jalam Union Parishad
  10. Uttar Khosbash Union Parishad
  11. Dakshin Khosbash Union Parishad
  12. Payalgachha Union Parishad
  13. Lakshmipur Union Parishad
  14. Uttar Shilmuri Union Parishad
  15. Dakshin Shilmuri Union Parishad
  16. Shakpur Union Parishad

Homna Upazila:

  1. Bhasania Union Parishad
  2. Asadpur Union Parishad
  3. Chanderchar Union Parishad
  4. Gharmora Union Parishad
  5. Dulalpur Union Parishad
  6. Ghagutia Union Parishad
  7. Mathabhanga Union Parishad
  8. Nilakhi Union Parishad
  9. Joypur Union Parishad

Monohorganj Upazila:

  1. Baishgaon Union Parishad
  2. Hasnabad Union Parishad
  3. Maisatua Union Parishad
  4. Uttar Jhalam Union Parishad
  5. Dakshin Jhalam Union Parishad
  6. Laxmanpur Union Parishad
  7. Nather Petua Union Parishad
  8. Bipulasar Union Parishad
  9. Sarashpur Union Parishad
  10. Khila Union Parishad
  11. Uttar Hawla Union Parishad

Brahmanpara Upazila:

  1. Brahman Para Union Parishad
  2. Dulalpur Union Parishad
  3. Chandla Union Parishad
  4. Sidlai Union Parishad
  5. Madhabpur Union Parishad
  6. Malapara Union Parishad
  7. Sahebabad Union Parishad
  8. Shashidal Union Parishad

Burichong Upazila:

  1. Bakshimul Union Parishad
  2. Bharella Union Parishad
  3. Burichang Union Parishad
  4. Mainamati Union Parishad
  5. Mokam Union Parishad
  6. Pir Jatrapur Union Parishad
  7. Rajapur Union Parishad
  8. Sholanal Union Parishad

Chouddagram Upazila

  1. Alkara Union Parishad
  2. Batisha Union Parishad
  3. Cheora Union Parishad
  4. Gholpasha Union Parishad
  5. Gunabati Union Parishad
  6. Jagannath Dighi Union Parishad
  7. Kalikapur Union Parishad
  8. Kankapait Union Parishad
  9. Kashinagar Union Parishad
  10. Munshirhat Union Parishad
  11. Shubhapur Union Parishad
  12. Sreepur Union Parishad
  13. Ujirpur Union Parishad

Comilla Sadar Upazila:

  1. Amratali Union Parishad
  2. Dakshin Durgapur Union Parishad
  3. Jagannathpur Union Parishad
  4. Kalir Bazar Union Parishad
  5. Panchthubi Union Parishad
  6. Uttar Durgapur Union Parishad

Laksham Upazila:

  1. Bakai Union Parishad
  2. Kandirpar Union Parishad
  3. Gobindapur Union Parishad
  4. Laksam Union Parishad
  5. Mudapfarganj Union Parishad
  6. Ajgara Union Parishad
  7. Uttardah Union Parishad

Nangalkot Upazila:

  1. Adra Union Parishad
  2. Bangodda Union Parishad
  3. Bakshaganj Union Parishad
  4. Dhalua Union Parishad
  5. Daulkhar Union Parishad
  6. Jodda Union Parishad
  7. Mokara Union Parishad
  8. Nangalkot Union Parishad
  9. Peria Union Parishad
  10. Roykot Union Parishad
  11. Satbaria Union Parishad

Titas Upazila:

  1. Balarampur Union Parishad
  2. Bitikandi Union Parishad
  3. Jiarkandi Union Parishad
  4. Karikandi Union Parishad
  5. Satani Union Parishad
  6. Jagatpur Union Parishad
  7. Kalakandi Union Parishad
  8. Majidpur Union Parishad
  9. Narandia Union Parishad

Comilla Sadar Daksin Upazila (South Sadar Comilla)

  1. Bara Para Union Parishad
  2. Bijoypur Union Parishad
  3. Chouara Union Parishad
  4. Galiara Union Parishad
  5. Purba Jorekanan Union Parishad
  6. Paschim Jorekanan Union Parishad
  7. Daksin Baghmara Union Parishad
  8. Uttar Baghmara Union Parishad
  9. Daksin Belghar Union Parishad
  10. Uttar Belghar Union Parishad
  11. Daksin Bholain Union Parishad
  12. Uttar Bholain Union Parishad
  13. Perul Union Parishad

Muradnagar Upazila:

  1. Akubpur Union Parishad
  2. Andikot Union Parishad
  3. Purba Bangara Union Parishad
  4. Paschim Bangara Union Parishad
  5. Chapitala Union Parishad
  6. Darora (Purba) Union Parishad
  7. Chhaliakandi Union Parishad
  8. Dhamghar Union Parishad
  9. Kamalla Union Parishad
  10. Jahapur Union Parishad
  11. Jatrapur Union Parishad
  12. Muradnagar Union Parishad
  13. Purba Nabipur Union Parishad
  14. Paschim Nabipur Union Parishad
  15. Paharpur Union Parishad
  16. Purba Purbadhair Union Parishad
  17. Paschim Purbadhair Union Parishad
  18. Uttar Ramchandrapur Union Parishad
  19. Dakshin Ramchandrapur Union Parishad
  20. Sreekail Union Parishad
  21. Tonki Union Parishad
  22. Babutiparha Union Parishad

Meghna Upazila:

  1. Barakanda Union Parishad
  2. Chandanpur Union Parishad
  3. Gobindapur Union Parishad
  4. Luterchar Union Parishad
  5. Radhanagar Union Parishad
  6. Manikerchar Union Parishad
  7. Chalibhanga Union Parishad

Economy[edit]

Manufacturers of popular Comilla sweetmeats are mostly based on this Manoharpur area of the main town.

Mainly based on agriculture, the economy of Comilla has been flourished through trade and cottage industries, especially the 'Khadi' textile. For the economic development of the region the "Bangladesh Export Promotion Zone Authority" has established the "Comilla Export Processing Zone" spread over an area of 104.44 hectares (258.1 acres) in the Comilla old Airport Area.

Places of interest[edit]

Important landmarks include Kotbari, a cantonment, or military installation and Kandirpar, considered the heart of the Comilla district. Ancient Buddhist monastery ruins are the major attraction of Mainamati, near Kotbari. There is an ancient Hindu Temple named Comilla Jagannath Temple located on East Bibirbazar Road.

There is a Second World War cemetery located about 3.1 kilometres (1.9 mi) away from Comilla Cantonment, which was a frontier military base in the fight against the Japanese who had occupied Burma. British Army soldiers killed during the fight with the Japanese Army at the Burma (Myanmar) frontier were buried here. Pashchimgaon Nawab Bari, the place of only lady Jaminder Nawab Faizunnesa, a poet, educationist and a great donor.

Kazi Nazrul Islam, the national poet of Bangladesh, passed a significant time of his life in this town. Both his wives, Promila Devi and Nargis, hailed from this district.

Comilla Victoria College and Comilla Zilla School are two ancient and famous college and school in the country. Comilla Zilla School was established in the year of 1837. Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD) is situated in Kotbari.

Situated by the bank of the river Ghumti, Comilla is also famous for some tanks such as 'Dharmasagar (Pond)', 'Ranir Dighi', 'Nanuar Dighi', 'Ujir Dighi' etc.

Notable people[edit]

The following personalities were either born or stayed in this district for a significant span of their life time:

References[edit]

External links[edit]