Commandant General in Stockholm

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Commandant General in Stockholm
Överkommendanten i Stockholm
Överkommendanten i Stockholm vapen.svg
Rear Admiral Jan Thörnqvist (cropped).JPG
Incumbent
VADM Jan Thörnqvist,
Swedish Navy

since 2019
SeatStockholm Palace
AppointerSupreme Commander
Formation1818
First holderGeorg Henrik Jägerhorn
DeputyCommandant in Stockholm

Commandant General in Stockholm[1] (Swedish: Överkommendanten i Stockholm) is a military position in Sweden with responsibility for state ceremonial activities. Vice admiral Jan Thörnqvist, Chief of Operations of the Swedish Armed Forces is the Commandant General in Stockholm since 2019.

History[edit]

The King's Adjutant General was tasked with, among other things, commanding the troops in Stockholm. In 1810 a commanding Adjutant General of Stockholm's Garrison was appointed. In 1818, this position was referred to as the Commandant General of Stockholm's Garrison (Swedish: Överkommendant för Stockholms garnison).[2] Prior to November 1905, the Commandant General was a specially appointed general officer, after which the position was taken over by the commanding officer of the IV Army Division (1905–1927),[3] Eastern Army Division (1928–1936), IV Army Division (1937–1942), then by the military commander of the Eastern Military Area (1942–1991), then by the commanding officer of the Middle Military Area (1991–2000), and finally by the commanding officer of the Middle Military District (2000–2005).[4] After 2005, when the military districts were discontinued, a three-star general of the Swedish Armed Forces has held the position as the Commandant General. Today, the Director Joint Staff (Chefen för ledningsstaben) is the Commandant General in Stockholm.[2]

Tasks[edit]

According to the Swedish Armed Forces Code of Statutes 2005:6, the Commandant General in Stockholm is the chief representative of the state ceremonial activities of the Swedish Armed Forces. The Commandant General shall advise the Supreme Commander in matters relating to state ceremonial activities. The Commandant General is appointed by Supreme Commander and must be a minimum of major general. The Commandant General in Stockholm and the Commandant are:[5]

  1. The Commandant General or the Commandant shall, if necessary, participate in state ceremonies or at other ceremonies organized in conjunction with national ceremonies or foreign official visits in Sweden or on similar occasions. They will also participate in receptions or visits if the King, the Regent ad interim, the Speaker of the Riksdag, the Prime Minister, the Marshal of the Realm, a Head of Ministry or the Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters request it.
  2. It is the responsibility of the Commandant General or when he is prevented from attending, the Commandant, to receive such heads of foreign states' military units on an official visit in Stockholm, in the Royal Guards Wing of the Stockholm Palace.

Uniform[edit]

The Commandant General is wearing a staff (m/1793) that is steel blue and sprinkled with gold crowns and fitted with a gold knob and chape.[2] The staff is provided with a twist in gold and black silk with a hard braided tuft.[6] At the deposing of King Gustav IV Adolf in March 1809, the staff played an important symbolic role as the one who held the staff is also associated with the person who was in charge in Stockholm.[4]

Heraldry[edit]

The coat of arms of the Commandant General in Stockholm. Blazon: "Azure, powdered with open crowns and charged with the badge of Stockholm, the crowned head of Saint Eric couped, all or. The shield surmounted a sword bendwise and a baton bendwise sinister in saltire, both or, the baton charged with open crowns azure placed two and one".[7]

List of Officeholders[edit]

Commandant General Anders Lindström at a US naval visits in 2010.
Name Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Ref
Georg Henrik Jägerhorn
Jägerhorn, Georg HenrikLieutenant general
Georg Henrik Jägerhorn
(1747–1826)
181218120 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
-
Carl Fredrik Lorichs
Lorichs, Carl FredrikMajor general[note 1]
Carl Fredrik Lorichs
(1780–1851)
28 May 1838?-Armén vapen bra.svg
Army
[8]
Johan Lefrén
Lefrén, JohanLieutenant general
Johan Lefrén
(1784–1862)
25 November 185216 December 18575 years, 21 daysArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
[9]
Samuel Wilhelm Nauckhoff
Nauckhoff, Samuel WilhelmMajor general
Samuel Wilhelm Nauckhoff
(1795–1889)
Acting
185718668–9 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
[10]
Ulrik Fabian Sandels
Sandels, Ulrik FabianMajor general
Ulrik Fabian Sandels
(1812–1898)
186618714–5 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
-
Samuel August Sandels
Sandels, Samuel AugustMajor general
Samuel August Sandels
(1810–1892)
Acting
25 September 187116 January 188210 years, 113 daysArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
[11]
Sven Lagerberg
Lagerberg, SvenMajor general
Sven Lagerberg
(1822–1905)
Acting
14 July 1876?-Armén vapen bra.svg
Army
[12]
Sven Lagerberg
Lagerberg, SvenLieutenant general
Sven Lagerberg
(1822–1905)
21 January 188225 March 190523 years, 63 daysArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
[12]
Hemming Gadd
Gadd, HemmingLieutenant general
Hemming Gadd
(1837–1915)
190519050 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
-
Casten Warberg
Warberg, CastenLieutenant general
Casten Warberg
(1845–1910)
190516 October 19104–5 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
-
Hugo Jungstedt
Jungstedt, HugoMajor general
Hugo Jungstedt
(1854–1936)
28 October 191019165–6 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
[13]
J.G.F. Wrangel
Wrangel, J.G.F.Major general
J.G.F. Wrangel
(1858–1923)
1 January 191719180–1 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
[14]
Karl Toll
Toll, KarlMajor general
Karl Toll
(1862–1936)
3 September 191831 December 19279 years, 119 daysArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
[15]
Ludvig Hammarskiöld
Hammarskiöld, LudvigMajor general
Ludvig Hammarskiöld
(1869–1958)
192819290–1 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
-
Bo Boustedt
Boustedt, BoMajor general
Bo Boustedt
(1868–1939)
192919300–1 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
[16]
Gösta Lilliehöök
Lilliehöök, GöstaMajor general
Gösta Lilliehöök
(1871–1952)
23 April 1930[note 2]19365–6 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
[17]
Erik Testrup
Testrup, ErikMajor general
Erik Testrup
(1878–1972)
193619435–6 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
-
Gösta Lilliehöök
Lilliehöök, GöstaMajor general
Gösta Lilliehöök
(1871–1952)
April 1940Dcember 19400 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
[17]
Helge Jung
Jung, HelgeMajor general
Helge Jung
(1886–1978)
194319440–1 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
-
Axel Rappe
Rappe, AxelMajor general
Axel Rappe
(1884–1945)
1 April 1944[note 3]--Armén vapen bra.svg
Army
[18]
Arvid Moberg
Moberg, ArvidMajor general
Arvid Moberg
(1885–1949)
Acting
194419450–1 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
[19]
Gustaf Dyrssen
Dyrssen, GustafMajor general
Gustaf Dyrssen
(1891–1981)
1945195711–12 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
-
Bert Carpelan
Carpelan, BertMajor general
Bert Carpelan
(1895–1981)
195719613–4 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
-
Gustav Åkerman
Åkerman, GustavMajor general
Gustav Åkerman
(1901–1988)
196119664–5 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
-
Carl Eric Almgren
Almgren, Carl EricMajor general
Carl Eric Almgren
(1913–2001)
196719691–2 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
-
Ove Ljung
Ljung, OveLieutenant general
Ove Ljung
(1918–1997)
196919744–5 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
-
Nils Sköld
Sköld, NilsLieutenant general
Nils Sköld
(1921–1996)
197419761–2 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
-
Gunnar Eklund
Eklund, GunnarLieutenant general
Gunnar Eklund
(1920–2010)
197619825–6 yearsAmfibiekåren vapen.svg
Navy
(Coastal Artillery)
-
Bengt Lehander
Lehander, BengtLieutenant general
Bengt Lehander
(1925–1994)
198219885–6 yearsFlygvapnet vapen bra.svg
Air Force
-
Bror Stefenson
Stefenson, BrorVice admiral
Bror Stefenson
(1929–2018)
198819912–3 yearsMarinen vapen bra.svg
Navy
-
Torsten Engberg
Engberg, TorstenLieutenant general
Torsten Engberg
(1934–2018)
199119942–3 yearsAmfibiekåren vapen.svg
Navy
(Coastal Artillery)
-
Dick Börjesson
Börjesson, DickVice admiral
Dick Börjesson
(born 1938)
199419983–4 yearsMarinen vapen bra.svg
Navy
-
Percurt Green
Green, PercurtLieutenant general
Percurt Green
(born 1939)
199820001–2 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
-
Kjell Koserius
Koserius, KjellMajor general
Kjell Koserius
(1943–2002)
200020021–2 yearsFlygvapnet vapen bra.svg
Air Force
-
Curt Westberg
Westberg, CurtMajor general
Curt Westberg
(born 1943)
200220030–1 yearsFlygvapnet vapen bra.svg
Air Force
-
Bo Waldemarsson
Waldemarsson, BoMajor general
Bo Waldemarsson
(born 1949)
200320051–2 yearsFlygvapnet vapen bra.svg
Air Force
-
Jan Jonsson
Jonsson, JanLieutenant general
Jan Jonsson
(born 1952)
200520071–2 yearsFlygvapnet vapen bra.svg
Air Force
-
Anders Lindström
Lindström, AndersLieutenant general
Anders Lindström
(born 1955)
200720113–4 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
-
Jan Salestrand
Salestrand, JanLieutenant general
Jan Salestrand
(born 1954)
201220141–2 yearsFlygvapnet vapen bra.svg
Air Force
-
Dennis Gyllensporre
Gyllensporre, DennisLieutenant general
Dennis Gyllensporre
(born 1964)
201420183–4 yearsArmén vapen bra.svg
Army
-
Jonas Haggren
Haggren, JonasVice admiral
Jonas Haggren
(born 1964)
2018Incumbent-Marinen vapen bra.svg
Navy
-
Jan Thörnqvist
Thörnqvist, JanVice admiral
Jan Thörnqvist
(born 1959)
2019Incumbent-Marinen vapen bra.svg
Navy
-

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Promoted to lieutenant general 6 months later, on 1 December 1838.[8]
  2. ^ Appointed on 16 April 1930.[17]
  3. ^ Appointed on 1 April 1944, but its was recalled, most likely to keep Rappe on the post as commanding officer of the First Army Corps (Första armékåren)[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gullberg, Ingvar E. (1977). Svensk-engelsk fackordbok för näringsliv, förvaltning, undervisning och forskning [A Swedish-English dictionary of technical terms used in business, industry, administration, education and research] (in Swedish) (2nd ed.). Stockholm: Norstedt. p. 1715. ISBN 91-1-775052-0. LIBRIS 8345587.
  2. ^ a b c "Handbok: parad 6: Traditionsvård : H PARAD 6 2016" (PDF) (in Swedish). Stockholm: Försvarsmakten. 2016. pp. 23, 44. 170529–027. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  3. ^ Westrin, Theodor, ed. (1922). Nordisk familjebok: konversationslexikon och realencyklopedi (in Swedish). 34 (New, rev. and richly ill. ed.). Stockholm: Nordisk familjeboks förl. p. 34. LIBRIS 8072220.
  4. ^ a b Försvarets traditioner i framtiden med översiktlig historik från 1500-talet (PDF) (in Swedish). Statens försvarshistoriska museer TradN. 2017. p. 43. ISBN 9789197859554. LIBRIS 17552963.
  5. ^ Syrén, Håkan; Ryding-Berg, Stefan (2005-11-10). "Försvarsmaktens föreskrifter med instruktion för överkommendanten och kommendanten i Stockholm" (PDF). Försvarets författningssamling (in Swedish). Stockholm: FM LOG/TF-redaktionen. ISSN 0347-7576. LIBRIS 3683131. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 November 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  6. ^ Reglemente: uniformsbestämmelser 2015 : Unibest FM 2015 (PDF) (in Swedish). Stockholm: Försvarsmakten. 2015. p. 519. LIBRIS 19513428. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  7. ^ Braunstein, Christian (2006). Heraldiska vapen inom det svenska försvaret [Heraldry of the Swedish Armed Forces] (PDF). Skrift / Statens försvarshistoriska museer, 1101-7023 ; 9 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Statens försvarshistoriska museer. p. 17. ISBN 91-971584-9-6. LIBRIS 10099224.
  8. ^ a b Åberg, Alf (1982–1984). "Carl Fredrik Lorichs". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon (in Swedish). 24. National Archives of Sweden. p. 120. Retrieved 2019-03-27.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
  9. ^ Åberg, Alf (1977–1979). "Johan Peter Lefrén". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon (in Swedish). 22. National Archives of Sweden. p. 442. Retrieved 2019-03-27.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
  10. ^ Gillingstam, Hans (1987–1989). "Nauckhoff, släkt". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon (in Swedish). 26. National Archives of Sweden. p. 453. Retrieved 2019-03-27.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
  11. ^ "Sandels nr 124". www.adelsvapen.com (in Swedish). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  12. ^ a b Broomé, Bertil (1977–1979). "C Sven A Lagerberg". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon (in Swedish). 22. National Archives of Sweden. p. 54. Retrieved 2019-03-28.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
  13. ^ Broomé, Bertil (1973–1975). "C A Hugo Jungstedt". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon (in Swedish). 20. National Archives of Sweden. p. 475. Retrieved 2019-03-28.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
  14. ^ "Wrangel nr 2092". www.adelsvapen.com (in Swedish). Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  15. ^ "Toll nr 314". www.adelsvapen.com (in Swedish). Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  16. ^ Kjellberg, H.E., ed. (1940). Svenska Dagbladets årsbok SJUTTONDE ÅGÅNGEN (Händelserna 1939) [Svenska Dagbladet's Yearbook SEVENTEENTH VOLUME (Events of 1939)] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Svenska Dagbladet. p. 268. LIBRIS 283647.
  17. ^ a b c Broomé, Bertil (1980–1981). "Gösta Lilliehöök". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon (in Swedish). 23. National Archives of Sweden. p. 120. Retrieved 2019-03-28.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
  18. ^ a b Cronenberg, Arvid (1995–1997). "Axel O Rappe". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon (in Swedish). 29. National Archives of Sweden. p. 694. Retrieved 2019-03-28.
  19. ^ Gillingstam, Hans (1985–1987). "Moberg, släkt". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon (in Swedish). 25. National Archives of Sweden. p. 573. Retrieved 2019-03-28.CS1 maint: Date format (link)