Commander-in-Chief Fleet

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Office of the Commander-in-Chief Fleet
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Ensign of the Royal Navy
Ministry of Defence
Member of Admiralty Board
Reports to First Sea Lord
Nominator Secretary of State for Defence
Appointer Prime Minister
Subject to formal approval by the Queen-in-Council
Term length Not fixed (typically 2–4 years)
Inaugural holder Admiral Edward Ashmore
Formation 1971-2012

The Commander-in-Chief Fleet (CINCFLEET) was the admiral responsible for the operation, resourcing and training of the ships, submarines and aircraft, and personnel, of the British Royal Navy until April 2012. CINC was subordinate to the First Sea Lord, the professional head of the Naval Service. In April 2012, the role was re-designated Fleet Commander and Deputy Chief of Naval Staff.

History of the role[edit]

Historically, the Royal Navy was usually split into a large number of commands, each with a Commander-in-Chief (e.g. Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth, Commander-in-Chief Mediterranean Fleet, etc.).

In 1971, with the withdrawal of British forces from East of Suez, the Far East and Western fleets of the Royal Navy were unified under a single Commander-in-Chief Fleet,[1] initially based at HMS Warrior, a land base at Northwood in Middlesex and, from 2004, based at HMS Excellent at Portsmouth.[2] Thereafter there were just two Commanders-in-Chief, the various fleet commands being unified under Commander-in-Chief Fleet and the various home commands being unified under Commander-in-Chief, Naval Home Command ("CINCNAVHOME").

In April 2012, the role was re-designated Fleet Commander and Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff[3] in the wake of the Levene report.[4]

Responsibilities[edit]

Structure of Navy Command

Full command of the Fleet and responsibility for the Fleet element of military operational capability including the Royal Marines and the Royal Fleet Auxiliary, was delegated to Commander-in-Chief Fleet,[5] with his Command Headquarters in the Navy Command Headquarters Building at HMS Excellent in Portsmouth[5][dead link] and his Operational Headquarters at Northwood, in the London Borough of Hillingdon, co-located with the Permanent Joint Headquarters.[5][dead link]

CINCFLEET was supported by:[5][dead link]

  • Second Sea Lord, based in HMS Excellent, who is the Principal Personnel Officer for the Royal Navy
  • Deputy CINCFLEET, based in HMS Excellent, who directs the work of the Fleet Headquarters
  • Commander Operations, based at Northwood, who is responsible for the conduct of Fleet operations
  • Commander UK Amphibious Force, who is Commandant General Royal Marines
  • Commander UK Maritime Forces (previously known as Commander UK Task Group),[6] who oversees the commander of the UK Task Group (COMUKTG)(including the newly formed UK Response Force Task Group) The COMUKTG will soon be known as the COMATG[7][8][9] and COMUKCSG.

Collectively, COMUKMARFOR, COMUKAMPHIBFOR, Commander UK Task Group (COMUKTG) and 3 Commando Brigade, Royal Marines comprised the "Fleet Battle Staff".[10]

NATO commitment[edit]

The post also came with various NATO appointments including that of Commander-in-Chief Eastern Atlantic (CINCEASTLANT) and Commander-in-Chief Channel (CINCHAN).[11] On 1 July 1994, the Channel Command was disestablished: however most of its subordinate commands remained in existence although reshuffled: most of the headquarters were absorbed within Allied Command Europe particularly as part of the new Allied Forces Northwestern Europe.[12]

List of Commanders-in-Chief Fleet[edit]

Commanders-in-Chief have included:[13]

Deputy Commanders, the Fleet[edit]

Deputy Commanders have included:[13]

Offices under post holder[edit]

Included:[16][17][18][19][20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [dead link]Sea Your History
  2. ^ Plymouth Maritime Headquarters (Mount Wise)
  3. ^ Navy Board Royal Navy
  4. ^ "An independent report into the structure and management of the Ministry of Defence" (PDF). 
  5. ^ a b c d Navy Command Headquarters Royal Navy Archived May 29, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Fleet Battle Staff Headquarters Archived February 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Commander UK Maritime Force Archived February 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Cougar Archived December 11, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ New Admiral Visits Fleet Flagship Archived June 12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ Commander UK Amphibious Force
  11. ^ NATO Handbook07, uploaded March 25, 1993
  12. ^ Young, Thomas-Durrell (1 June 1997). "Command in NATO After the Cold War: Alliance, National, and Multinational Considerations". U.S. Army Strategic Studies Institute. p. 11. Retrieved 26 April 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c Royal Navy Senior Appointments Archived March 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ "Admiral Sir Trevor Soar takes up Navy fleet position". Portsmouth News. 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2009-06-12. 
  15. ^ "Admiral George Zambellas takes up role as CinC Fleet". British Forces News. 2012-01-06. Archived from the original on 2012-02-03. Retrieved 2012-01-11. 
  16. ^ Paxton, J. (2016). The Statesman's Year-Book 1987-88. Springer. p. 1303. ISBN 9780230271166. 
  17. ^ Brown, David (1987). The Royal Navy and Falklands War. Pen and Sword. p. 53. ISBN 9781473817791. 
  18. ^ Eberle, Sir James (2007). Wider horizons: naval policy & international affairs. Roundtuit Publishing. p. 16. ISBN 9781904499176. 
  19. ^ Roberts, John (2009). Safeguarding the Nation: The Story of the Modern Royal Navy. Seaforth Publishing. p. 236. ISBN 9781848320437. 
  20. ^ Paxton, J. (2016). The Statesman's Year-Book 1990-91. Springer. p. 1315. ISBN 9780230271197. 

External links[edit]