Head of the Royal Thai Armed Forces
|Head of the Royal Thai Armed Forces|
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Thailand|
|Formation||Formally in 1932|
The Head of the Thai Armed Forces (Thai: จอมทัพไทย; rtgs: Chom Thap Thai) is a position vested in the Thai monarch, who as sovereign and head of state is the commander-in-chief of the Royal Thai Armed Forces.
The position is only nominal. The armed forces are actually managed by the Ministry of Defence, headed by the Minister of Defence (a member of the cabinet) and commanded by the Royal Thai Armed Forces Headquarters, which in turn is headed by the Chief of the Defence Forces.
Ever since the foundation of the first Thai state, the king has always led his armies into battle. The role of the king as chief warrior was derived from Hindu concepts of kshatriya, and later much influenced by the ideal of a Chakravartin as defender of the realm. This martial responsibility has by tradition been borne by every Thai monarch since, but has never been formally instituted. By the 19th century, with the formal creation of a modern Thai army and navy in 1874 and 1887 respectively, the establishment of a formal chain of command was necessary. The titles of Supreme Head of Army (จอมทัพบก; Chom Thap Bok) and Supreme Head of the Navy (จอมทัพเรือ; Chom Thap Ruea) were created around the latter half of the reign of King Chulalongkorn for himself. After the end of the absolute monarchy in 1932, Siam's first permanent constitution established the ceremonial role of Head of the Siamese Armed Forces (จอมทัพสยาม; Chom Thap Siam) in Article 1, Section 5. Since then Thailand has had 16 constitutions and the title has been enshrined in every one of them.
Under the constitutional system, the king's post as head of the armed forces is a means for the monarchy to be closely related to the armed forces. The king participates in military activities and functions, including the presentation of ceremonial colours, based on the national flag, to various units of the armed forces and the presentation of ceremonial swords to all graduating officers of the military academies. The armed forces celebrate the king with an annual parade held on his birthday at the Royal Plaza in central Bangkok.
Since 1910, starting with King Vajiravudh, it is customary for representatives of the Armed Forces to present the newly acceded monarch his insignia as Head of the Armed Forces, at a formal ceremony at the Grand Palace. These include a golden marshal's baton (featuring a Garuda), a sabre and a golden aiguillette (to be worn on the right shoulder).
|Portrait||Name||Reign from||Presentation of Insignia||Reign until||Death|
|Supreme Head of the Army & Supreme Head of the Navy
Chom Thap Bok & Chom Thap Ruea
|1 October 1868||16 November 1904||23 October 1910|
|23 October 1910||2 November 1911||25 November 1925|
|Head of the Royal Siamese Armed Forces
Chom Thap Siam
|25 November 1925||5 December 1925||2 March 1935
|30 May 1941|
|Head of the Royal Thai Armed Forces
Chom Thap Thai
|King Ananda Mahidol
|2 March 1935||No presentation made||9 June 1946|
|King Bhumibol Adulyadej
|9 June 1946||26 March 1950||13 October 2016|
|13 October 2016||Incumbent|
- "Royal Thai Armed Forces Headquarters English version". Archived from the original on 2009-04-18. Retrieved 2014-05-11.
- Suwannathat-Pian, Kobkua (2003). Kings, Country and Constitutions: Thailand's Political Development 1932-2000. RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 0-7007-1473-1.
- "Symbols of the Head of the Armed Forces". Royal Aide-de-camp Department. Retrieved 2016-07-28.
- Royal Gazette, Army Department presents Field Marshal's Baton to His Majesty, Volume 20, Page 603, 29 November 122 Rattanakosin Era
- Royal Gazette, General officers presenting the insignia of a Field Marshal to the King, Volume 27, Page 2945, 20 November 129 Rattanakosin Era
- Royal Gazette, Speech of general officers presenting the insignia of a Field Marshal to the King, Volume 27, Page 2946, 20 November 129 Rattanakosin Era
- Royal Gazette, Army and Naval officers presenting the insignia of a Field Marshal and Admiral of the Fleet to the King, Volume 42, Page 2746, 13 December 2468 B.E.
- Royal Gazette, Speech of the Minister of Defence on the occasion of the presenting of the field marshal's insignia to the King, Volume 42, Page 2747, 13 December 2468 B.E.
- Royal Gazette, Speech of the Minister of the Navy on the occasion of the presenting of the admiral of the fleet's insignia to the King, Volume 42, Page 2750, 13 December 2468 B.E.
- Royal Gazette, Army and Airforce presenting the insignia of Chom Phon to the King, Volume 67, Chapter 14 ง, Page 1001, 7 March 2493 B.E.