Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Army
|Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Army
Flag of the Pakistan Army
Ministry of Defence|
Army Secretariat-I at MoD
Rawalpindi Cantonment in Punjab, Pakistan
|Nominator||President or Prime Minister of Pakistan|
|Appointer||President or Prime Minister of Pakistan|
|Formation||August 15, 1947|
|First holder||Gen. Frank Messervy|
|Final holder||Lt. Gen. Gul Hassan Khan|
|Abolished||3 March 1972|
|Succession||Chief of Army Staff|
Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Army|
Chief of General Staff
The Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Army (reporting name: C-in-C) was generally recognized to be a single and senior most appointment held by the four-star officer in the Pakistan Army.:105 Though, not a statutory office in existence, the Commander was subordinate to the Defence Minister but this was contested.
Direct appointments to the command of the Pakistan Army came from the British Army Council until 1951, when the first native commander-in-chief was nominated and appointed by the Government of Pakistan.:24
The C-in-C was assisted by deputy C-in-C till mid 60's, the last deputy C-in-C was Yahya Khan served till 1966. The C-in-C designation was changed to 'Chief of Army Staff' in 1972, Tikka Khan was the first person to hold the new title. Six men have served as C-in-C, the first two of them were native British and the post was largely akin to the post of Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army. 
List of Commanders-in-Chief
|#||Picture||Name||Rank||Start of tenure||End of tenure||Notes|
|1||Frank Messervy||General||August 15, 1947||February 10, 1948||The first Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Army who took command in the rank of Acting General.|
|2||Douglas Gracey||General||February 11, 1948||January 16, 1951||The first officer with the rank of substantive full general (honorary) to hold the C-in-C title.|
|3||Ayub Khan||General||January 17, 1951||October 27, 1958||The first native Pakistani person to be the C-in-C, also the first chief to become President of the country. He was a self promoted Field Marshal after becoming the President.|
|4||Musa Khan||General||October 27, 1958||June 17, 1966||C-in-C during the Indo-Pak war of 1965 and also the longest serving officer to hold the post (8 years).|
|5||Yahya Khan||General||June 18, 1966||December 20, 1971||Last C-in-C of unified west and East Pakistan and also served as President of the country from 1969 to 1971.|
|6||Gul Hassan Khan||Lieutenant General||December 21, 1971||March 2, 1972||First C-in-C of the Pakistan Army after the secession of East Pakistan, serving till 1972 in the rank of Lieutenant General.|
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- Cloughley, Brian (2016). A History of the Pakistan Army: Wars and Insurrections. New York [u.s[: Skyhorse Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9781631440397. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
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