Commander of the Royal Canadian Navy
|Commander of the Royal Canadian Navy and Chief of the Naval Staff|
|Royal Canadian Navy|
|Reports to||Chief of the Defence Staff|
|Deputy||Deputy Commander of the Royal Canadian Navy/Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff|
The Commander of the Royal Canadian Navy (French: commandant de la Marine royale canadienne) is the institutional head of the Royal Canadian Navy. This appointment also includes the title Chief of the Naval Staff and is based at National Defence Headquarters in Ottawa, Ontario. This individual reports to the Chief of the Defence Staff, who then responds to the Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Forces.
History of the position
The appointment was entitled Director of the Naval Service from 1910 to 1928 and then Chief of the Naval Staff from 1928 to 1964. In August 1964 the position of Chief of the Naval Staff was abolished. Responsibility for naval matters was split between the newly established Defence Staff in Ottawa and operational headquarters in Halifax (for the Atlantic fleet) and Esquimalt (for the Pacific fleet). The appointment was entitled Commander of Maritime Command from 1966 to 1997 and Chief of the Maritime Staff from 1997 to 2011. In 2011 Maritime Command was renamed the Royal Canadian Navy at which time the appointment was renamed to its present incarnation.
- Director of the Naval Service
- Chief of the Naval Staff
- Rear Admiral W. Hose 1928–1934
- Vice Admiral P.W. Nelles 1934–1944
- Vice Admiral G.C. Jones 1944–1946
- Vice Admiral H.E. Reid 1946–1947
- Vice Admiral H.T.W. Grant 1947–1951
- Vice Admiral E.R. Mainguy 1951–1956
- Vice Admiral H.G. DeWolf 1956–1960
- Vice Admiral H.S. Rayner 1960–1964*
- Commander of Maritime Command
- Rear Admiral W.M. Landymore 1966-1966
- Vice Admiral J.C. O'Brien (in the rank of Rear Admiral between 1966–1968 and Vice-Admiral between 1968–1970)
- Vice Admiral H.A. Porter 1970–1971
- Rear Admiral R.W. Timbrell 1971–1973
- Vice Admiral D.S. Boyle 1973–1977
- Vice Admiral A.L. Collier 1977–1979
- Vice Admiral J. Allan 1979–1980
- Vice Admiral J.A. Fulton 1980–1983
- Vice Admiral J.C. Wood 1983–1987
- Vice Admiral C.M.W. Thomas 1987–1989
- Vice Admiral R.E. George 1989–1991
- Vice Admiral (later Admiral) J.R. Anderson 1991–1992
- Vice Admiral P.W. Cairns 1992–1994
- Vice Admiral L.E. Murray 1994–1995
- Vice Admiral L.G. Mason 1995–1997
- Chief of the Maritime Staff
- Vice Admiral G.L. Garnett 1997–1997
- Vice Admiral G.R. Maddison 1997–2001
- Vice Admiral R.D. Buck 2001–2004
- Vice Admiral M.B. MacLean 2004–2006
- Vice Admiral D.W. Robertson 2006–2009
- Vice Admiral P.D. McFadden 2009–2011
- Chief of the Naval Staff and Commander of the Royal Canadian Navy
- Vice Admiral P.A. Maddison 2011–2013
- Vice Admiral M.A.G. Norman 2013-2016
- Vice Admiral M.F.R. Lloyd as of June 2016
* The Royal Canadian Navy had no official head between 1964, when the position of Chief of the Naval Staff was abolished, and 1966, when the position of Commander of Maritime Command was established. In 1968 the Royal Canadian Navy ceased to exist after it was unified with the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Air Force to form the Canadian Forces.
- Chief of the Defence Staff, the second most senior member of the Canadian Forces after the Commander-in-Chief
- Commander of the Canadian Army, the institutional head of the Canadian Army.
- Commander of the Royal Canadian Air Force, the institutional head of the Royal Canadian Air Force.
- Whitby, et al., eds. "The Admirals", p. 357. Dundurn Press, 2006.
- Canadian Navy, Air Force 'Royal' Again With Official Name Change Huffington Post, 15 August 2011
- DSA Vice-Admiral Maddison Archived June 28, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.