Commiphora myrrha

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Commiphora myrrha
Commiphora myrrha - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-019.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Burseraceae
Genus: Commiphora
C. myrrha
Binomial name
Commiphora myrrha
(Nees) Engl.[1]
Myrrh, the hardened resin extracted from Commiphora myrrha

Commiphora myrrha, called myrrh,[1] African myrrh,[1] herabol myrrh,[1] Somali myrrhor,[1] common myrrh,[3] or gum myrrh[citation needed] is a tree in the Burseraceae family. It is one of the primary trees used in the production of myrrh, a resin made from dried tree sap. The tree is native to the Arabian peninsula (Oman, Yemen) and to Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Northeast Kenya).[4]


Commiphora myrrha is very spiny and it grows to a height of about 4 m (13 ft). It grows at an altitude of between about 250 to 1,300 m (820 to 4,270 ft) with a yearly mean rainfall of about 23 to 30 cm (9.1 to 11.8 in). It does best in thin soil, primarily in areas with limestone.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Commiphora myrrha". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2009-01-15.
  2. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  3. ^ Sandra Kynes (8 November 2013). Mixing Essential Oils for Magic: Aromatic Alchemy for Personal Blends. Llewellyn Worldwide. pp. 191–. ISBN 978-0-7387-3715-7.
  4. ^ "Commiphora myrrha". Retrieved 2009-01-15.
  5. ^ "Species Information". Archived from the original on 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2009-01-15.

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