The Commissioner of Food and Drugs is the head of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services. The commissioner is appointed by the president of the United States with the advice and consent of the Senate. The commissioner reports to the Secretary of Health and Human Services.
Due to frequent controversies involving the FDA, appointments are not always prompt and the agency is often headed by an acting commissioner. For example,
Andrew von Eschenbach's appointment was held up by senators who objected to the FDA's refusal to allow emergency contraception to be sold over the counter.
The commissioner has frequently been a
physician, but this is not a requirement for the post.
List of Commissioners [ edit ]
President served under Notable for
Harvey Washington Wiley, M.D.
January 1, 1907
March 15, 1912
Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft
Chemist; advocacy of the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act in 1906; subsequent work at Good Housekeeping Institute laboratories
Carl L. Alsberg M.D.
December 16, 1912
July 15, 1921
William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson, Warren G. Harding
Walter Gilbert Campbell
Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge
Charles Albert Browne, Jr.
Walter Gilbert Campbell
Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, Franklin D. Roosevelt
Paul B. Dunbar, Ph.D.
Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S Truman
Charles W. Crawford
Harry S Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower
George P. Larrick
Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson
James Lee Goddard, M.D.
Lyndon B. Johnson
Herbert Leonard Ley, Jr., M.D.
Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard M. Nixon
Charles C. Edwards, M.D.
Richard M. Nixon
Alexander Mackay Schmidt, M.D.
Richard M. Nixon, Gerald R. Ford
Donald Kennedy, Ph.D.
Jere Edwin Goyan, Ph.D.
Arthur Hull Hayes Jr., M.D.
Frank Edward Young, M.D., Ph.D.
David Aaron Kessler, M.D.
George H. W. Bush
Jane Ellen Henney, M.D.
Mark Barr McClellan, M.D., Ph.D
George W. Bush
Lester Mills Crawford, D.V.M., Ph.D.
George W. Bush Charged with conflict of interest and lying about stock he and his wife owned in companies regulated by FDA.
Andrew C. von Eschenbach, M.D.
George W. Bush Member of the
board of directors of BioTime ( NYSE MKT: BTX), a biotechnology and regenerative medicine company.
Margaret A. Hamburg, M.D.
Stephen Ostroff (acting) [3 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]