Commissioner of Yukon

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Commissioner of Yukon
Commissaire du Yukon
Badge of the Commissioner of Yukon.svg
Coat of Arms
Flag of the Commissioner of Yukon.svg
Flag
Incumbent
Doug Phillips
Inaugural holder James Morrow Walsh
Formation August 17, 1897

This is a list of Yukon Commissioners from 1897 to the present. The Commissioner is appointed by the Government of Canada, but a Commissioner, in contrast to the Governor-General of Canada or the Lieutenants-Governor of the Canadian Provinces, is not a Viceroy and therefore Commissioners are not direct representatives of the monarch in the territory.

List of commissioners[edit]

Commissioners (1897-1918)[edit]

# Image Commissioner Term start Term end
1 James Morrow Walsh.jpg James Morrow Walsh August 17, 1897 July 5, 1898
2 William Ogilvie (surveyor).jpg William Ogilvie July 5, 1898 March 11, 1901
3 James Hamilton Ross by Victor A Long 1912.jpg James Hamilton Ross March 11, 1901 February 8, 1902
LtGovNewlands.jpg Henry William Newlands (interim) February 8, 1902 August 15, 1902
Badge of the Commissioner of Yukon.svg Zachary Taylor Wood (interim) August 15, 1902 March 4, 1903
4 Frederick Tennyson Congdon March 4, 1903 October 29, 1904
5 WilliamWBMcInnes23.jpg William Wallace Burns McInnes May 27, 1905 December 31, 1906
Badge of the Commissioner of Yukon.svg John T. Lithgow (interim) January 1, 1907 June 17, 1907
6 Alexander Henderson June 17, 1907 June 1, 1911
Arthur Wilson (interim) June 1, 1911 February 1, 1912
7 George Black, Commissioner of the Yukon.jpg George Black February 1, 1912 October 13, 1916
Badge of the Commissioner of Yukon.svg George Norris Williams (interim) October 13, 1916 April 1, 1918

Gold Commissioners[edit]

The offices of Commissioner and Administrator were abolished in 1918. Office replaced by the Gold Commissioner who was responsible to the federal Minister of the Interior.

# Gold Commissioner Term start Term end
1 François Xavier Gosselin 1907 1912
2 George P. MacKenzie 1912 April 1, 1925
3 Percy Reid April 1, 1925 November 14, 1927
George A. Jeckell (interim) November 14, 1927 April 1, 1928
4 George I. MacLean April 1, 1928 June 30, 1932

Controllers[edit]

The positions of Gold Commissioner and Comptroller were combined in 1932 with the Comptroller being the title for the chief executive. The title was changed to "Controller" in 1936.

# Controller Term start Term end
1 George A. Jeckell June 30, 1932 July 1947
2 John Edward Gibben September 18, 1947 1948

Commissioners (1948-present)[edit]

In 1948, the title of chief executive once again became Commissioner. By the 1960s, the Commissioner had formed an executive committee that included some members of the elected Territorial Council, in essence a cabinet. (By the mid 1970s, the Territorial Council was referring to itself as a Legislative Assembly, and its members MLAs rather than Councillors.) Beginning in 1978, Yukon had party government with a Government Leader.

In October 1979, federal minister Jake Epp (Indian Affairs and Northern Development) issued a letter, often known as the Epp letter, instructing the Commissioner to assume a role similar to that of a provincial Lieutenant-Governor, and devolving leadership of the day-to-day government to the majority leader of the legislative assembly (territorial council), to whom the Epp letter granted the authority to use the title Premier. At that time, the government leader added a fifth elected member to the committee, which became an executive council.

Subsequent federal ministers did not revoke this authority and instruction, which was eventually codified in amendments to the Yukon Act, along with redesignation of the legislative assembly from territorial council. The process, particularly since 1979, has devolved powers from the federal government to the territorial government, bringing authority which is normally reserved by the Articles of Confederation for provinces to the territory.

See also: List of premiers of Yukon

# Commissioner Term start Term end
1 John Edward Gibben 1948 August 15, 1950
2 Andrew Harold Gibson August 15, 1950 October 15, 1951
3 Frederick Fraser October 15, 1951 November 5, 1952
4 Wilfred George Brown November 5, 1952 June 8, 1955
5 Frederick Howard Collins June 8, 1955 May 1, 1962
6 Gordon Robertson Cameron May 1, 1962 November 7, 1966
7 James Smith November 7, 1966 July 1, 1976
8 Arthur MacDonald Pearson July 1, 1976 November 1, 1978
9 Frank Fingland November 1, 1978 January 20, 1979
10 Ione Christensen January 20, 1979 October 9, 1979
11 Douglas Bell October 9, 1979 March 27, 1986
12 Ken McKinnon March 27, 1986 June 12, 1995
13 Judy Gingell June 12, 1995 October 1, 2000
14 Jack Cable October 1, 2000 December 1, 2005
15 Geraldine Van Bibber December 1, 2005 December 1, 2010
16 Doug Phillips December 1, 2010 Incumbent

Living former Commissioners[edit]

As of November 2010, seven former commissioners are alive, the oldest being Douglas Bell (1979–1986, born 1926).

Name Term Date of birth
Frank Fingland 1978 – 1979 1929 (age 86–87)
Ione Christensen 1979 (1933-10-10) October 10, 1933 (age 82)
Douglas Bell 1979 – 1986 (1926-06-15) June 15, 1926 (age 89)
John Kenneth McKinnon 1986 – 1995 (1936-04-20) April 20, 1936 (age 79)
Judy Gingell 1995 – 2000 1948 (age 67–68)
Jack Cable 2000 – 2005 (1934-08-17) August 17, 1934 (age 81)
Geraldine Van Bibber 2005 – 2010 (1951-07-03) July 3, 1951 (age 64)

References[edit]

External links[edit]