Commissioners of the Committee of Public Safety

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Commissioners of the Committee of Public Safety
 France
cabinet of France
Date formed 1 April 1794
Date dissolved 1 November 1795
People and organisations
Head of state Committee of Public Safety
History
Predecessor Ministers of the French National Convention
Successor French Directory

The Commissioners of the Committee of Public Safety were appointed by the French Committee of Public Safety to oversee the various administrative departments between 1 April 1794 and 1 November 1795.

History[edit]

On 12 Germinal year II (1 April 1794) Lazare Carnot proposed to suppress the executive council and the six ministers, replacing the ministers with twelve committees reporting to the Committee of Public Safety. The proposal was unanimously adopted by the National Convention.[1]

The commissioners were dismissed when a new set of ministers was named by the French Directory on 3 November 1795.[2]

Committees[edit]

Twelve committees were appointed, each composed of two members and one assistant, reporting to the Committee of Public Safety. The commissions were:[3]

  1. Civil administration, police and tribunals
  2. Public education
  3. Agriculture and the arts
  4. Commerce and supplies
  5. Public works
  6. Public assistance
  7. Transport, posts and couriers
  8. Finance
  9. Movement of land armies
  10. Navy and colonies
  11. Armaments, powder and mining
  12. Foreign affairs

Committee members[edit]

The committee members, or commissioners, were:

Commissioner Committee Start End
Jean-Pierre Chazal Armament 7 February 1795 5 March 1795
Jacques-Antoine Rabaut-Pommier Armament 5 May 1795 1 September 1795
François-Joseph Gamon Armament 3 June 1795 7 October 1795
Louis-Félix Roux de la Haute-Marne Commerce and Supplies 4 April 1795 3 July 1795
Jean-Lambert Tallien Commerce and Supplies 5 April 1795 2 August 1795
Théodore Vernier Commerce and Supplies 5 May 1795 1 September 1795
Pierre Marec Commerce and Supplies 3 June 1795 7 October 1795
Théophile Berlier Commerce and Supplies 1 September 1795 7 October 1795
Charles Gourdan Commerce and Supplies 7 October 1795 27 October 1795
Joseph Eschasseriaux Commerce and Supplies 7 October 1795 27 October 1795
Dominique Ramel de Nogaret Constitution 30 May 1793 10 July 1793
Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles Constitution 5 June 1793 29 December 1793
Jean-François Reubell Diplomacy 5 March 1795 3 July 1795
Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès Diplomacy 2 August 1795 27 October 1795
Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès Foreign Affairs 5 March 1795 3 July 1795
Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai Foreign Affairs 5 April 1795 3 June 1795
Jean-Baptiste Louvet de Couvray Foreign Affairs 3 July 1795 27 October 1795
Jean-Antoine Debry Foreign Affairs 3 July 1795 27 October 1795
François-Antoine Boissy d'Anglas Foreign Affairs 3 July 1795 27 October 1795
Bertrand Barère Foreign Affairs, Navy, Military affairs 6 April 1793 31 July 1794
Bertrand Barère Foreign Affairs, Navy, Military Affairs 31 July 1794 1 September 1794
Louis Antoine de Saint-Just General correspondence, Military affairs 30 May 1793 28 July 1794
Pierre-Joseph Cambon Interior & Supplies 6 April 1793 10 July 1793
Louis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau Interior and Supplies 6 April 1793 10 July 1793
Jean-Jacques Bréard Justice 6 April 1793 5 June 1793
Jean Baptiste Treilhard Justice 6 April 1793 13 June 1793
Théophile Berlier Justice 5 June 1793 10 July 1793
Jean-Antoine Debry Member 6 April 1793 7 April 1793
Georges Danton Member 6 April 1793 10 July 1793
Jean-Baptiste Mathieu-Mirampal Member 30 May 1793 22 June 1793
Georges Couthon Member 5 June 1793 28 July 1794
Jean Bon Saint-André Member 13 June 1793 31 July 1794
Jacques-Alexis Thuriot de Larosière Member 10 July 1793 20 September 1793
Pierre-Louis Prieur (de la Marne) Member 10 July 1793 31 July 1794
Maximilien de Robespierre Member 27 July 1793 28 July 1794
Claude-Antoine Prieur de la Côte d'or Member 14 August 1793 31 July 1794
Lazare Carnot Member 14 August 1793 31 July 1794
Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois Member 6 September 1793 31 July 1794
Jacques Nicolas Billaud-Varenne Member 6 September 1793 31 July 1794
Jean-Lambert Tallien Member 31 July 1794 1 September 1794
Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois Member 31 July 1794 1 September 1794
Claude-Antoine Prieur de la Côte d'or Member 31 July 1794 7 October 1794
Lazare Carnot Member 31 July 1794 7 October 1794
Jean Baptiste Treilhard Member 31 July 1794 7 November 1794
Pierre-Antoine Laloy Member 31 July 1794 7 November 1794
Joseph Eschasseriaux Member 31 July 1794 7 November 1794
Jacques-Alexis Thuriot de Larosière Member 31 July 1794 7 December 1794
Jean-Jacques Bréard Member 31 July 1794 7 December 1794
Charles Cochon de Lapparent Member 1 September 1794 7 December 1794
Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai Member 1 September 1794 7 January 1795
Jean-Baptiste Mathieu-Mirampal Member 1 September 1794 7 January 1795
Antoine-François Fourcroy Member 1 September 1794 7 January 1795
Jean-François-Bertrand Delmas Member 1 September 1794 7 January 1795
Joseph Richard Member 7 October 1794 7 February 1795
Pierre-Louis Prieur (de la Marne) Member 7 October 1794 7 February 1795
Louis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau Member 7 October 1794 7 February 1795
Jean Pelet de la Lozère Member 7 November 1794 5 March 1795
Lazare Carnot Member 7 November 1794 5 March 1795
Jean-Jacques Cambacérès Member 7 November 1794 5 March 1795
André Dumont Member 7 December 1794 5 April 1795
Jean-Jacques Bréard Member 7 January 1795 5 May 1795
Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai Member 7 February 1795 5 March 1795
Jean-Baptiste Mathieu-Mirampal Member 7 February 1795 3 June 1795
Antoine-François Fourcroy Member 7 February 1795 5 June 1795
Denis Lesage d'Eure and Loir Member 5 April 1795 5 May 1795
Jacques Antoine Creuzé-Latouche Member 5 April 1795 5 May 1795
Henry Henry-Larivière Member 3 June 1795 7 October 1795
Denis Lesage d'Eure and Loir Member 2 August 1795 27 October 1795
Louis-Marie de La Révellière-Lépeaux Member 1 September 1795 1 September 1795
Jean-François Reubell Military hospitals 2 August 1795 27 October 1795
Pierre Gillet Military Supplies 5 April 1795 3 July 1795
Gustave Doulcet de Pontécoulant Navy 5 May 1795 3 July 1795
Jean-Baptiste Robert Lindet Navy (adjoint) 7 April 1793 13 June 1793
Jean Dalbarade[4] Navy and colonies 1 April 1793 1 July 1795
Pierre Marec Navy and colonies 7 January 1795 5 May 1795
Joseph Defermon des Chapellières Navy and colonies 5 May 1795 1 September 1795
Pierre-Claude Daunou Navy and colonies 1 September 1795 27 October 1795
Marie-Joseph Chénier Navy and colonies 7 October 1795 27 October 1795
Jacques Nicolas Billaud-Varenne Official correspondence 31 July 1794 1 September 1794
Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai President 5 March 1795 5 April 1795
Jean-Jacques Cambacérès President 5 April 1795 2 August 1795
Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai President 2 August 1795 1 September 1795
Jean-Jacques Cambacérès President 1 September 1795 27 October 1795
François-Antoine Boissy d'Anglas Supplies 7 December 1794 5 April 1795
Sébastien Laporte Supplies 5 March 1795 5 May 1795
Jean-Baptiste Robert Lindet Supplies, Finance 22 June 1793 31 July 1794
Jean-Baptiste Robert Lindet Supplies, Finance 31 July 1794 7 October 1794
Jean-François-Bertrand Delmas War 6 April 1793 10 July 1793
Jean-François Delacroix War 6 April 1793 10 July 1793
Thomas de Gasparin War 5 June 1793 24 July 1793
Edmond Dubois-Crancé War 7 December 1794 5 April 1795
Joseph Lacombe-St-Michel War 7 February 1795 3 June 1795
Sébastien Laporte War 5 May 1795 3 June 1795
Claude-Antoine Blad War 3 June 1795 3 July 1795
Gustave Doulcet de Pontécoulant War 3 July 1795 1 September 1795
Charles-Louis Letourneur de la Manche War 2 August 1795 27 October 1795
Antoine-Claire Thibaudeau War 1 September 1795 27 October 1795
Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai War 1 September 1795 27 October 1795
Théophile Berlier War 7 October 1795 27 October 1795
Jean Baptiste Treilhard War and Foreign Affairs 5 May 1795 2 August 1795
François Aubry War, Member 5 April 1795 2 August 1795

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muel 1891, p. 41-42.
  2. ^ Muel 1891, p. 46.
  3. ^ Muel 1891, p. 42.
  4. ^ Zanco 2011, p. 223.

Sources[edit]