Committee for a Workers' International
Map of sections by country
|Formation||21 April 1974|
|Type||Association of Trotskyist political parties|
|Headquarters||London, United Kingdom|
The Committee for a Workers' International (CWI) is an international association of Trotskyist political parties. In all the CWI has sections in over 45 countries worldwide and is represented on every continent. Not all sections represent a sovereign state, for example, the Irish section covers both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, whilst in Canada there is a separate section for Quebec. The international also includes smaller affiliate groups, which are not regarded as full sections.
The founding conference of the CWI was held in London on 20 to 21 April 1974 and attended by supporters of what was then called Militant (or the Militant tendency), from 12 countries including Britain, Ireland and Sweden. In the early years of the international, sections generally pursued a policy of entryism into social democratic or labour parties. As such, the CWI was originally secretive because to organise openly risked the expulsion of its sections from the parties in which they were working.
End of entryism
The CWI largely ended its strategy of entryism in the early 1990s. The international developed an analysis that many social democratic parties had fundamentally changed in nature and become outright capitalist parties, their main example being the UK Labour Party. This was strongly resisted by Ted Grant, one of Militant's founders. After a lengthy debate and special conference in 1991 confirmed overwhelmingly the position of the CWI in the England and Wales section, Grant and his supporters sought official faction status within the organisation, which was granted for some time, but later was revoked by the leadership. The revocation of faction status thus expelled Ted Grant and his supporters, who went on to form the International Marxist Tendency.
Since their Open Turn CWI sections have, in a number of countries, stood candidates under their own name. The CWI has elected members of regional legislatures or local councils in Sweden; Germany (members of The Left); Pakistan; Sri Lanka; Ireland, where they have three TDs in Dáil Éireann; and the United States, where Socialist Alternative elected Kshama Sawant to Seattle City Council in 2013 and again in 2015. In the 2005 Sri Lankan presidential elections the CWI affiliate, the United Socialist Party, came third (with 0.4%).
New mass workers' parties
CWI members played a leading role in founding the Scottish Socialist Party. However, the SSP broke with the CWI in 1999, with a minority of members loyal to the CWI establishing the International Socialists. When Tommy Sheridan resigned from the SSP in 2006 and established a new party in Scotland, Solidarity, the International Socialists joined in conjunction with the Socialist Workers Party.
CWI members stood as National Conscience Party candidates in the 2003 Nigerian legislative elections, winning 0.51% of the national vote. In Germany CWI members have been active in the new WASG since its foundation in 2004 and in December 2005 were elected part of the new leadership of its Berlin district that ran candidates on a clear anti-cuts programme in the 2006 Berlin regional election, gaining 3.1% and several borough council seats, but the Berlin WASG later merged into Die Linke. In Brazil, CWI members helped found the P-SOL Socialism and Liberty Party after left wing parliamentarians were expelled from the PT.
In the 2011 Irish general election the CWI's Irish affiliate, the Socialist Party won two seats in the Dáil as a part of the wider left group, the United Left Alliance which won five seats in total in Dáil Éireann. However, one of the elected members of the Socialist Party has since left the party to continue as an independent. In the by-election in Dublin West in 2014, the Socialist Party gained a second seat in the Dáil again, and a third seat in the 2014 Dublin South-West by-election as part of the Anti-Austerity Alliance.
|International Executive Committee
|Austria||Sozialistische LinksPartei||Socialist Left Party|
|Belgium||Linkse Socialistische Partij / Parti Socialiste de Lutte||Left Socialist Party / Socialist Party of Struggle|
|Brazil||Liberdade, Socialismo e Revolução||Freedom, Socialism and Revolution|
|Chile||Socialismo Revolucionario||Revolutionary Socialism|
Zhōngguó Láogōng Lùntán
|China Worker Forum|
|Cyprus||Νέα Διεθνιστική Αριστερά / Yeni Enternasyonalist Sol
Nea Diethnistike Aristera
|New Internationalist Left|
|Czech Republic||Socialistická alternativa Budoucnost||Socialist Alternative Future|
|England and Wales||Socialist Party|
|Finland||Sosialistinen Vaihtoehto||Socialist Alternative|
|France||Gauche révolutionnaire||Revolutionary Left|
|Germany||Sozialistische Alternative||Socialist Alternative|
|India||New Socialist Alternative|
|Ireland||Socialist Party / Páirtí Sóisialach|
|Israel and Palestine||حركة النضال الاشتراكي / מאבק סוציאליסטי
Ma'avak Sotzialisti / Harakat a-Nidal al-Ishtiraki
|Italy||Resistenze Internazionali||International Resistance|
|Ivory Coast||Militant Côte d'Ivoire||Militant Ivory Coast|
|Malaysia||Sosialis Alternatif||Socialist Alternative|
|Mexico||Izquierda Revolucionaria||Revolutionary Left|
|Netherlands||Socialistisch Alternatief||Socialist Alternative|
|Nigeria||Democratic Socialist Movement|
|Pakistan||Socialist Movement Pakistan|
|Poland||Alternatywa Socjalistyczna||Socialist Alternative|
|Portugal||Socialismo Revolucionário||Revolutionary Socialism|
|Quebec||Alternative socialiste||Socialist Alternative|
|Romania||Mâna de Lucru||Hand of Labour|
|Scotland||Socialist Party Scotland|
|South Africa||Workers and Socialist Party|
|Spain||Izquierda Revolucionaria||Revolutionary Left|
|Sri Lanka||එක්සත් සමාජවාදි පකෂය / ஐக்கிய சோசலிச கட்சி
Eksath Samajavadi Pakshaya / Aikkiy Cōcalic Kaṭci
|United Socialist Party|
|Sweden||Rättvisepartiet Socialisterna||Socialist Justice Party|
Guójì Shèhuì Zhǔyì Qiánjìn
|International Socialist Forward|
|Turkey||Sosyalist Alternatif||Socialist Alternative|
|United States||Socialist Alternative|
|Venezuela||Izquierda Revolucionaria||Revolutionary Left|
- International Socialist Resistance
- Youth against Racism in Europe
- Contact us, join the CWI!. socialistworld.net. Retrieved 17 July 2014
- Taaffe, P. 2004. A Socialist World is Possible. CWI Publications & Socialist Books, p. 67
- Taaffe, P. 2004. A Socialist World is Possible. CWI Publications & Socialist Books, p.52
- The 'Open Turn' debate. marxist.net. Retrieved 17 July 2014
- "King County Elections" (PDF). your.kingcounty.gov. Retrieved 2017-07-24.
- United Socialist Party (CWI) comes third in presidential election. socialistworld.net. Retrieved 17 August 2007
- 500+ at Brussels ISR conference. socialistworld.net. Retrieved 17 july 2014
- Elections Ireland: 31st Dáil. electionsireland.org. Retrieved 17 July 2014
- Taaffe, P. 2004. A Socialist World is Possible. CWI Publications & Socialist Books, p.51
- Building the socialist alternative around the world, socialistworld.net, 27 December 2002.
- Thesis for the International Executive Committee (IEC) of the CWI 2013, socialistworld.net, 22 November 2013.
- Links, socialistworld.net.