Committee for a Workers' International
|Formation||21 April 1974|
|Type||Association of Trotskyist political parties|
|Headquarters||London, United Kingdom|
|CWI Majority - 30 sections Refounded CWI - 13 sections|
|Website||CWI Majority: worldsocialist.net Refounded CWI: socialistworld.net|
As the result of a split in 2019 there are two groups claiming to be the CWI, referred to as the "CWI - Majority" and the "CWI (Refounded)".
The founding conference of the CWI was held in London on 20 to 21 April 1974 and attended by supporters of what was then called Militant (or the Militant tendency), from 12 countries including Britain, Ireland and Sweden. In the early years of the international, sections generally pursued a policy of entryism into social democratic or labour parties. As such, the CWI was originally secretive because to organise openly risked the expulsion of its sections from the parties in which they were working.
End of entryism
The CWI largely ended its strategy of entryism in the early 1990s. The international developed an analysis that many social democratic parties had fundamentally changed in nature and become outright capitalist parties, their main example being the UK Labour Party. This was strongly resisted by Ted Grant, one of Militant's founders. After a lengthy debate and special conference in 1991 confirmed overwhelmingly the position of the CWI in the England and Wales section, Grant and his supporters sought official faction status within the organisation, which was granted for some time, but later was revoked by the leadership. Ted Grant and his supporters set up a rival office, staff and fundraising, and left Militant to form the International Marxist Tendency.
Since their Open Turn CWI sections have, in a number of countries, stood candidates under their own name. One section has representation in a state parliament, the Socialist Party, which has three TDs in Dáil Éireann in the Republic of Ireland. The CWI also has elected members in a number of regional legislatures or local councils in Sweden; (Germany) (members of The Left); Pakistan; Sri Lanka; and the United States, where Socialist Alternative elected Kshama Sawant to Seattle City Council in 2013 and again in 2015. In the 2005 Sri Lankan presidential elections the CWI affiliate, the United Socialist Party, came third (with 0.4%).
New mass workers' parties
CWI members played a leading role in founding the Scottish Socialist Party. However, the SSP broke with the CWI in 1999, with a minority of members loyal to the CWI establishing the International Socialists. When Tommy Sheridan resigned from the SSP in 2006 and established a new party in Scotland, Solidarity, the International Socialists joined in conjunction with the Socialist Workers Party.
CWI members stood as National Conscience Party candidates in the 2003 Nigerian legislative elections, winning 0.51% of the national vote. In Germany CWI members have been active in the new WASG since its foundation in 2004 and in December 2005 were elected part of the new leadership of its Berlin district that ran candidates on a clear anti-cuts programme in the 2006 Berlin regional election, gaining 3.1% and several borough council seats, but the Berlin WASG later merged into Die Linke. In Brazil, CWI members helped found the P-SOL Socialism and Liberty Party after left wing parliamentarians were expelled from the PT.
In the 2011 Irish general election the CWI's Irish affiliate, the Socialist Party won two seats in the Dáil as a part of the wider left group, the United Left Alliance which won five seats in total in Dáil Éireann. However, one of the elected members of the Socialist Party has since left the party to continue as an independent. In the by-election in Dublin West in 2014, the Socialist Party gained a second seat in the Dáil again, and a third seat in the 2014 Dublin South-West by-election as part of the Anti-Austerity Alliance.
In 2019, the CWI split four ways. The leading body of the CWI is the World Congress, which elects an International Executive Committee (IEC) to govern between congresses. The IEC then appoints an International Secretariat (IS) which is responsible for the day-to-day work of the International. The majority of the IS founded a faction called “In Defence of a Working Class and Trotskyist CWI” (IDWCTCWI) in November 2018 at an IEC meeting, in opposition to the rest of the IEC. This faction held criticisms of a number of national sections of the CWI. The majority of the IEC disagreed with the faction's criticisms, and took issue with the methods used by faction members to conduct the debate, which included talk of expelling one of the sections the faction was criticising.
The majority of the Spanish, Venezuelan, Mexican, and Portuguese sections, the first three of which had joined the CWI in 2017 after leaving the International Marxist Tendency, initially supported the IS faction but in April 2019 split with them and then left the CWI altogether to form their own international tendency, International Revolutionary Left.  In Spain, a minority which supported the CWI Majority reconstituted themselves as Socialismo Revolucionario, which has been the CWI's section in Spain prior to its 2017 merger with Izquierda Revolucionaria. A minority in Mexico and Portugal also remained in the CWI and supported the CWI Majority.
The faction's leadership was concentrated in the Socialist Party (England and Wales), as a number of members served on both the leading body of the England & Wales section and on the IS, including its general secretary, Peter Taaffe. The faction attracted support from an overall minority of the CWI's membership. Most of the IEC, and most of the CWI's national sections, encompassing a majority of the International's membership, stood in opposition to the faction.
The IEC outlined a process of discussion and debate to avoid a split, leading to a World Congress in January 2020, the highest decision-making body of the CWI. The Taaffe-led IS faction initially agreed, then withdrew their participation from the committee charged with organizing the debate, and declared they would not participate in the IEC or the World Congress. They then held a separate conference in July 2019, open only to CWI members who supported the faction, and asserted that they had 'dissolved and refounded' the CWI. The majority of the CWI continued operating and held an IEC meeting in August 2019, and declared they will "provisionally organize the renewed international organization with the name “CWI – Majority”."
In September 2019, a minority faction of the South African section, the Workers and Socialist Party (WASP), left the CWI and formed the Marxist Workers Party in support of the Refounded CWI. The remainder of the WASP declared itself for the CWI Majority. The same month, a majority of the German section voted by a 2 to 1 margin to support the CWI Majority. The minority faction formed a new organisation, Sozialistische Organisation Solidarität - (Sol), supporting the Refounded CWI.
A further split occurred in Ireland in September 2019 when TD Paul Murphy left the Socialist Party and set up a new group known as RISE which is affiliated to neither the CWI Majority or the Refounded CWI, nor specifically espouses Trotskyism.
|International Executive Committee
|Part of a series on|
|Australia||Socialist Action (formerly the Socialist Party)||CWI Majority|
|Belgium||Linkse Socialistische Partij / Parti Socialiste de Lutte||Left Socialist Party / Socialist Party of Struggle||CWI Majority|
|Brazil||Liberdade, Socialismo e Revolução||Freedom, Socialism and Revolution||CWI Majority|
|Canada||Socialist Alternative||CWI Majority|
|Chile||Socialismo Revolucionario||Revolutionary Socialism||Refounded CWI|
Zhōngguó Láogōng Lùntán
|China Worker Forum||CWI Majority|
|Cyprus||Νέα Διεθνιστική Αριστερά / Yeni Enternasyonalist Sol
Nea Diethnistike Aristera
|New Internationalist Left||CWI Majority|
|Czech Republic||Socialistická alternativa Budoucnost||Socialist Alternative Future||CWI Majority|
|England and Wales||A majority supported the founding of the Refounded CWI, the minority founded Socialist Alternative and joined the CWI Majority|
|France||Gauche révolutionnaire||Revolutionary Left||Refounded CWI|
|Germany||A majority of SAV voted at a party conference to support the CWI Majority. The minority formed a new group called Sozialistische Organisation Solidarität (Sol) and joined the Refounded CWI|
|Socialist Action||CWI Majority|
|India||New Socialist Alternative||Refounded CWI|
|Ireland||Socialist Party / Páirtí Sóisialach||CWI Majority|
|Israel and Palestine||حركة النضال الاشتراكي / מאבק סוציאליסטי
Ma'avak Sotzialisti / Harakat a-Nidal al-Ishtiraki
|Socialist Struggle||CWI Majority|
|Italy||Resistenze Internazionali||International Resistance||CWI Majority|
|Ivory Coast||Militant Côte d'Ivoire||Militant Ivory Coast||CWI Majority|
|Malaysia||Sosialis Alternatif||Socialist Alternative||Refounded CWI|
|Mexico||Aternativa Socialista México||Socialist Alternative Mexico||CWI Majority|
|Netherlands||Socialistisch Alternatief||Socialist Alternative||CWI Majority|
|Nigeria||Democratic Socialist Movement|
|Poland||Alternatywa Socjalistyczna||Socialist Alternative||CWI Majority|
|Quebec||Alternative socialiste||Socialist Alternative||CWI Majority|
|Romania||Mâna de Lucru||Hand of Labour||CWI Majority|
|Socialist Alternative||CWI Majority|
|Scotland||Socialist Party Scotland||Refounded CWI|
|Spain||Socialismo Revolucionario||Revolutionary Socialism||CWI Majority|
|Sri Lanka||එක්සත් සමාජවාදි පකෂය / ஐக்கிய சோசலிச கட்சி
Eksath Samajavadi Pakshaya / Aikkiy Cōcalic Kaṭci
|United Socialist Party||Refounded CWI|
|Socialist Alternative||CWI Majority|
|Sweden||Rättvisepartiet Socialisterna||Socialist Justice Party||CWI Majority|
Guójì Shèhuì Zhǔyì Qiánjìn
|International Socialist Forward||CWI Majority|
|Socialist Alternative||CWI Majority|
|Turkey||Sosyalist Alternatif||Socialist Alternative||CWI Majority|
|United States||Socialist Alternative||CWI Majority|
|Vietnam(illegal)||Quốc tế xã hội cần lao Chuuniotaku||International Socialist Workers||CWI Majority|
- International Socialist Resistance
- Youth against Racism in Europe
- Taaffe, P. 2004. A Socialist World is Possible. CWI Publications & Socialist Books, p. 67
- Taaffe, P. 2004. A Socialist World is Possible. CWI Publications & Socialist Books, p.52
- The 'Open Turn' debate. marxist.net. Retrieved 17 July 2014
- "King County Elections" (PDF). your.kingcounty.gov. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- United Socialist Party (CWI) comes third in presidential election Archived 10 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine. socialistworld.net. Retrieved 17 August 2007
- 500+ at Brussels ISR conference Archived 22 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine. socialistworld.net. Retrieved 17 July 2014
- Elections Ireland: 31st Dáil. electionsireland.org. Retrieved 17 July 2014
- "CWI Majority Declaration". 2 September 2019.
- Koritz, Joshua. "Bureaucratic Coup Will Not Stop CWI Majority from Building a Strong Revolutionary Socialist International! | Socialist Alternative". Retrieved 5 August 2019.
- Sell, Hannah. "Britain: Socialist Party conference overwhelmingly supports refounding CWI". socialistworld.net. Archived from the original on 2 August 2019. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
- "Taaffe expels his majority – Weekly Worker". weeklyworker.co.uk. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
- McGee, Harry. "Paul Murphy sets up new political group called Rise". The Irish Times. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
- Taaffe, P. 2004. A Socialist World is Possible. CWI Publications & Socialist Books, p.51
- Building the socialist alternative around the world, socialistworld.net, 27 December 2002.
- Thesis for the International Executive Committee (IEC) of the CWI 2013, socialistworld.net, 22 November 2013.