Commodore Shelton Cochran (January 20, 1902 – January 3, 1969) was an American athlete, winner of a gold medal in 4 × 400 m relay at the 1924 Summer Olympics.
He was born in Mississippi and died in San Francisco, California.
As a Mississippi State University student, Commodore Cochran won the NCAA championships in 440-yard dash in 1922 and 1923.
At the Paris Olympics, Cochran ran the opening leg in American 4 × 400 m relay team, which won the gold medal with a new world record of 3.16.0.
After his running career, Cochran coached his younger brother Roy Cochran, who won two gold medals at the 1948 Summer Olympics.