Common garden skink

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Common garden skink
Garden skink.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Scincidae
Genus: Lampropholis
Species: L. guichenoti
Binomial name
Lampropholis guichenoti
(A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1839)
Synonyms
  • Lygosoma guichenoti
    A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1839
  • Lygosoma duperreyii
    A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1839 (part)
  • Lygosoma (Mocoa) guttulatum
    W. Peters, 1881
  • Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) guichenoti
    M.A. Smith, 1937
  • Lampropholis guichenoti
    Greer, 1974[1]

The common garden skink or pale-flecked garden sunskink (Lampropholis guichenoti) is a species of small common skink endemic to Australia.

Etymology[edit]

The specific name, guichenoti, is in honor of French zoologist Antoine Alphone Guichenot.[2]

Geographic range[edit]

In Australia L. guichenoti is often seen in suburban gardens in Adelaide, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney, and Brisbane, but also is common across most of Southern Australia and some of New South Wales. They are also found in eastern U.S .

Description[edit]

Lampropholis guichenoti can grow to a maximum of 14 cm, but rarely exceeds 9 cm. According to statistics, the average common garden skink lives up to 2–3 years. The garden skink usually has a browny black colour and sometimes may appear a dark shade of red when bathing in the sun. They have small sharp teeth which easily slice through smaller prey. Even wild individuals are very docile, and rarely bite humans when touched or picked up.

Sex[edit]

The female pale-flecked garden sunskink has a yellowish, almost orange tinge to her underside, however the males have a light grey tinge to their underside. Females are often bigger than the males in size.

Diet[edit]

Garden skinks feed on larger invertebrates, including crickets, moths, slaters, earthworms, flies, grubs and caterpillars, grasshoppers, cockroaches, earwigs, slugs, dandelions, small spiders, ladybeetles, ants and many other small insects, which makes them a very helpful animal around the garden. They can also feed on fruit and vegetables, but the vegetables have to be cooked for the skink to be able to eat it. Skinks especially love bananas and strawberries etc. (no citrus fruit). Garden skinks rely purely on the movement of their prey when hunting. When hunting, the skinks will either hide and wait for prey to come by or actively pursue it (this depends on how hungry they are). Once they have caught their prey, they shake it around vigorously to kill it before swallowing it whole. Once they have had one meal, they begin to actively pursue prey for a short while with their newfound energy. Skinks only need one prey item per 4 or 5 days, but will eat every day if conditions are good, thus, making it an ideal pet for small children. They can eat worms if you drain the soil out of them with salt water because worms are too high in soil for them. [3]

Habitat[edit]

Skinks are often seen under leaves, in long grass and under rocks so that they can watch their prey, they also love hiding in logs where their big predators can't get them. As all reptiles are cold blooded, you may see them on top of rocks or paths in the morning trying to warm their blood. Skinks enjoy large areas with a lot of leaves and soft dirt. You normally find them around hot and dusty areas that have lots of trees and stumps.

Predators[edit]

The garden skink's predators are mainly birds and cats. Even tiny birds like robins are a threat to skinks. Larger lizards and snakes will sometimes try to eat them as well. Like many other skinks, its tail will drop if grasped roughly. The disconnected tail will twitch vigorously for a while, capturing the attention of the predator while the lizard makes its escape. This survival tactic may seem hard for the skink to tolerate, but it is quite the opposite. Although it may cost the skink some energy, the skink's tail will eventually grow back to normal.

Eggs[edit]

The common garden skink is oviparous and lays small white eggs between summer and mid autumn. The female usually lays about six eggs, often in communal clutches that may contain as many as 250 eggs altogether, usually under a cluster of rocks to keep them safe from predators. The eggs hatch in a matter of weeks after they are laid. Most eggs are around 10 mm.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lampropholis guichenoti. The Reptile Database.
  2. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. (2011). "Lampropholis guichenoti", p. 111 in The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5.
  3. ^ Help skinks thrive in your garden. NSW Government, Australia