Common Germanic deities

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This article lists gods and goddesses that may be reconstructed for Proto-Germanic or Common Germanic Migration period paganism, or which figure in both West and North Germanic mythology. See list of Germanic deities for a complete list of Germanic gods and goddesses, including those for whom there is insufficient attestation to produce Common Germanic reconstructions.[citation needed]

Deities[edit]

Proto-Germanic reconstructions marked with an asterisk.

Goddesses
Gods
  • *Wōdanaz, "lord of poetic/mantic inspiration", "Germanic Mercury", Old Norse: Óðinn (often Anglicized Odin or, especially in older texts, Othin), Old English: Wōden, Old High German Wuotan, Gothic: Gaut.
  • *Þunraz, "thunder", "Germanic Jupiter", Old Norse: Þórr (Thor), West Germanic: Donar, Old English: Þunor, Gothic: Þunar.
  • *Teiwaz, god of war and possibly early sky god, "Germanic Mars", Old Norse: Týr, Old English:Tiw, Old High German: Ziu, Gothic: Teiws, continues Indo-European *Dyeus.
  • *Wulþuz, "glorious one", possibly originally an epithet, mentioned on the Thorsberg chape, continued in Old Norse: Ullr, Old English: Wuldor, Gothic: Wulþus.
  • *Ingwaz or Inguz, identified with the god addressed as Fraujaz "lord"; Old High German Frô, Gothic: Frauja, Old English: Frēa, Old Norse: Freyr.

Semi-gods or mythical heroes[edit]

  • *Auzawandilaz, Old English: Ēarendel; Old Norse: Aurvandil; Lombardic: Auriwandalo; Old High German: Orentil, Erentil; Medieval Latin: Horuuendillus, the morning star(?), Gothic: Auzandil.
  • *Gautaz, Old English: Geat; Old Norse: Gautr, mythical ancestor of royal houses.
  • *Wēlanduz, Old English: Wēland; Old Norse: Völundr or Velentr; Old High German: Wiolant; from *Wēla-nandaz, literally "battle-brave",[1] a mythical smith.
  • *Agilaz, Old English: Ægil, Alamannic: Aigil, Old Norse: Egil, a mythical archer.
  • *Wadą, Old English: Wada, Old Norse: Vaði, Middle High German: Wate, associated with bodies of water, the father of Wayland the Smith.

Mythical races[edit]

Cosmology[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ see Hellmut Rosenfeld, Der Name Wieland, Beiträge zur Namenforschung (1969).