Common Germanic deities
This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
This article lists gods and goddesses that may be reconstructed for Proto-Germanic or Common Germanic Migration period paganism, or which figure in both West and North Germanic mythology. See list of Germanic deities for a complete list of Germanic gods and goddesses, including those for whom there is insufficient attestation to produce Common Germanic reconstructions.
Proto-Germanic reconstructions marked with an asterisk.
- *Nerþuz, described by Tacitus as Mother Earth, possibly continued in Old Norse: Njǫrðr (Njord, Njorth).
- *Frijjō, "wife" (specifically here the wife of Wōdanaz), Old English: Frige, Old Norse: Frigg, Gothic: Fráujō, cf. Sanskrit priyā[permanent dead link] "mistress, wife".
- *Wurdiz, "fate", Old Norse: Urðr (Urd, Urth), Old English: Wyrd.
- *Sōwilō, the Sun, Old Norse: Sól, Old English Sunne, Old High German: Sunna.
- *Austrǭ, Dawn goddess Easter, Old English: Ēostre, Old Saxon: *Ōstara, Old Frisian: Āsteron.
- *Wōdanaz, "lord of poetic/mantic inspiration", "Germanic Mercury", Old Norse: Óðinn (often Anglicized Odin or, especially in older texts, Othin), Old English: Wōden, Old High German Wuotan, Gothic: Gaut.
- *Þunraz, "thunder", "Germanic Jupiter", Old Norse: Þórr (Thor), West Germanic: Donar, Old English: Þunor, Gothic: Þunar.
- *Teiwaz, god of war and possibly early sky god, "Germanic Mars", Old Norse: Týr, Old English:Tiw, Old High German: Ziu, Gothic: Teiws, continues Indo-European *Dyeus.
- *Wulþuz, "glorious one", possibly originally an epithet, mentioned on the Thorsberg chape, continued in Old Norse: Ullr, Old English: Wuldor, Gothic: Wulþus.
- *Ingwaz or Inguz, identified with the god addressed as Fraujaz "lord"; Old High German Frô, Gothic: Frauja, Old English: Frēa, Old Norse: Freyr.
Semi-gods or mythical heroes
- *Auzawandilaz, Old English: Ēarendel; Old Norse: Aurvandil; Lombardic: Auriwandalo; Old High German: Orentil, Erentil; Medieval Latin: Horuuendillus, the morning star(?), Gothic: Auzandil.
- *Gautaz, Old English: Geat; Old Norse: Gautr, mythical ancestor of royal houses.
- *Wēlanduz, Old English: Wēland; Old Norse: Völundr or Velentr; Old High German: Wiolant; from *Wēla-nandaz, literally "battle-brave", a mythical smith.
- *Agilaz, Old English: Ægil, Alamannic: Aigil, Old Norse: Egil, a mythical archer.
- *Wadą, Old English: Wada, Old Norse: Vaði, Middle High German: Wate, associated with bodies of water, the father of Wayland the Smith.
- *Medjanagardaz inhabited world
- erþo anþi uppahemenaz Germanic formula for "heaven and earth", notably naming earth first. Mentioned in the Norse Edda, Skarpåker Stone and Old High German Wessobrunner Gebet etc.
- *Haljō Underworld
- *Muþspell (see Muspilli and Muspelheim) Disastrous world-ending (c.f. Ragnarok)
- see Hellmut Rosenfeld, Der Name Wieland, Beiträge zur Namenforschung (1969).