Communes of Luxembourg

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The 116 communes of Luxembourg (situation between 2006 and 2012)

The communes of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Gemengen, German: Gemeinden) are the lowest nation-wide administrative division in Luxembourg. They conform to LAU level 2.[1] Luxembourg has 105 communes.

Within the hierarchy of administrative subdivisions, communes come directly below cantons, which are (in turn) directly below districts. Communes are often re-arranged, being merged or divided as demographic change demands. Unlike the cantons, which have remained unchanged since their creation, the identity of communes has not become ingrained within the understanding of national geography. However, the cantons perform ceremonial, administrative, and statistical purposes, but do not provide local government services, which are all performed by the communes.[2]

The system was first adopted when Luxembourg was annexed into the French département of Forêts, in 1795. Despite ownership passing to the Netherlands, the commune system was maintained until independence in 1839, whereupon they were enshrined in Luxembourgian law (in 1843). Since Luxembourg had little sovereignty of its own before it received independence, and also included the larger Belgian province of Luxembourg, this article deals only with the commune system from 1839 until the present day.

Powers of the communes[edit]

The communes have no legislative power or control over matters relating to the national interest, which reside solely with the Chamber of Deputies. However, below that, the communes have wide-ranging powers. They are required by law to provide public education, maintain the local road network, maintain basic public health, and provide some social security.[2] Communes also have discretionary powers (described as missions morales: moral duties) in the fields of supply of water, gas, and electricity; comprehensive health care (including maintenance of hospitals and clinics); land use planning; culture and sport; and provision of care to the elderly.[2]

Current communes[edit]

There are currently 105 communes, divided across the twelve cantons. 12 communes out of 105 communes have city status.[3]

Former communes[edit]

Since the country's creation in 1839, thirty-four communes have been merged to reach the number of 105 communes that exist today (2015). The defunct communes are:

Arsdorf 1979: merged to form Rambrouch
Asselborn 1978: merged to form Wincrange
Bascharage 2011: merged to form Käerjeng
Bastendorf 2006: merged to form Tandel
Bigonville 1979: merged to form Rambrouch
Boevange 1978: merged to form Wincrange
Burmerange 2011: merged into Schengen
Clemency 2011: merged to form Käerjeng
Consthum 2011: merged to form Parc Hosingen
Eich 1920: merged into Luxembourg City
Ermsdorf 2011: merged to form Vallée de l'Ernz
Eschweiler 2015: merged into Wiltz
Folschette 1979: merged to form Rambrouch
Fouhren 2006: merged to form Tandel
Hachiville 1978: merged to form Wincrange
Hamm 1920: merged into Luxembourg City
Harlange 1979: merged to form Lac de la Haute-Sûre

Heiderscheid 2011: merged into Esch-sur-Sûre
Heinerscheid 2011: merged into Clervaux
Hollerich 1920: merged into Luxembourg City
Hoscheid 2011: merged to form Parc Hosingen
Hosingen 2011: merged to form Parc Hosingen
Kautenbach 2006: merged to form Kiischpelt
Mecher 1979: merged to form Lac de la Haute-Sûre
Medernach 2011: merged to form Vallée de l'Ernz
Munshausen 2011: merged into Clervaux
Neunhausen 2011: merged into Esch-sur-Sûre
Oberpallen 1846: merged into Beckerich
Oberwampach 1978: merged to form Wincrange
Perlé 1979: merged to form Rambrouch
Rodenbourg 1979: merged into Junglinster
Rollingergrund 1920: merged into Luxembourg City
Wellenstein 2011: merged into Schengen
Wilwerwiltz 2006: merged to form Kiischpelt[4]

Evolution of communes[edit]

The number of communes has expanded and contracted over time.

The commune system was created during the French occupation to mirror the systems employed in the rest of the French Republic. These were overhauled in 1823, but the system itself was retained until independence, which was granted under the 1839 Treaty of London.[1] The law regulating their creation and organisation dates to 24 February 1843,[5] which was later enshrined in the Luxembourgian constitution, promulgated on 17 October 1868.[2]

Upon independence, there were 120 communes. A chain of demegers and partitions between 1849 and 1891 increased this number to 130. Most of these were brought about by asymmetrical population growth, as population growth in the south caused the balance of population in the country to shift; some of the communes born in that era include Rumelange, Schifflange, and Walferdange. In what is now termed 'Nordstad', Erpeldange and Schieren were separated from Ettelbruck.

However, from the end of the First World War, during which Luxembourg was occupied by Germany, the number of communes has dropped. In 1920, Luxembourg City was greatly expanded, annexing four surrounding communes. Another wave of mergers took place in the late 1970s, when sparsely-populated areas in the north and west of the country were merged to form Lac de la Haute-Sûre, Rambrouch, and Wincrange.[4] 2006 saw the creation of Kiischpelt and Tandel from four smaller communes, further reducing the number of communes to 116.[4] 2012 saw the creation of Käerjeng, Vallée de l'Ernz and Parc Hosingen from smaller communes, and the expansion of Clervaux, Esch-sur-Sûre and Schengen with adjacent communes. With the 2015 expansion of Wiltz, the number of communes to the present has been reduced to 105.[4]


Cities of Luxembourg highlighted.

Twelve of the communes of Luxembourg have the status of cities. They are:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Statec (2003), p. 9&10
  2. ^ a b c d "Devolution in Luxembourg" (PDF). Committee of the Regions. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-08-22. Retrieved 2006-07-18. 
  3. ^ Carte des communes.
  4. ^ a b c d "Evolution of the number of municipalities 1839 - 2015". STATEC. Retrieved 2015-02-24. 
  5. ^ (French)/(German) "Mémorial A, 1843, No. 17" (PDF). Service central de législation. Retrieved 2006-07-21.