Telecommunications in New Zealand
|This article's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. (March 2014)|
Telecommunications in New Zealand are fairly typical for an industrialised country.
Fixed-line broadband and telephone services are largely provided through copper-based networks, although fibre-based services are increasingly common. Spark New Zealand, Vodafone New Zealand, 2degrees and the Callplus group provide most services.
Mobile telephone services are provided by Spark, Vodafone and 2degrees, although a number of smaller mobile virtual network operators also exist.
- Country calling code: 64
- Mobile phone system:
- Number of mobile connections: 4.7 million (2010)
- Coverage available to approx 97% of the population.
- 2degrees (operating GSM, UMTS and LTE)
- Spark New Zealand (operating UMTS, HSDPA and LTE)
- Vodafone New Zealand (operating GSM, UMTS, HSDPA and LTE)
- Fixed-line telephone system:
- Number of fixed line connections: 1.92 million (2000)
- Individual lines available to 99% of residences.
- Chorus Limited
- A large numbers of ISPs (referred to as "retail service providers") retail Chorus' connections to personal and business customers. Chorus does not retail internet connections.
- Chorus Limited
- Cable and microwave links:
- Radio broadcast stations: AM 124, FM 290, shortwave 4 (1998), 4 on Freeview digital satellite.
- See also: List of radio stations in New Zealand
- Radios: 3.75 million (1997)
- Television broadcast stations: 41 (plus 52 medium-power repeaters and over 650 low-power repeaters) (1997)
- These transmit 4 nationwide free-to-air networks and a few regional or local single transmitter stations. Analogue was phased out between September 2012 and December 2013
- Digital Satellite pay TV is also available and carries most terrestrial networks.
- Freeview digital free satellite with a dozen SD channels, with SD feeds of the terrestrial HD freeview channels.
- Freeview, free-to-air digital terrestrial HD and SD content.
- Cable TV is available in some urban areas with Vodafone's broadband services.
- See also: List of New Zealand television channels
- Televisions: 1.926 million (1997)
- Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 36 (2000)
- Internet users: 2.11 million (2002)
- Fixed internet connections: 1.24 million (2013)
- Country code (Top level domain): .nz
Telecommunications Development Levy
The government charges a $50 million Telecommunications Development Levy annually to fund improvements to communications infrastructure such as the Rural Broadband Initiative. It is payable by telecommunications firms with an operating revenue of over $10 million, in proportion to their qualified revenue.
- "Telecom New Zealand Website – Information about mobile network". Archived from the original on 8 March 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- Putt, Sarah (29 September 2011). "CallPlus switches from Vodafone to Telecom for mobile". Computer World. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
- Vodafone NZ Website – Information about mobile network and 4G LTE
- Orcon. "Orcon@Mobile Broadband and Phone Packages". Orcon. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- "More mobile choices for NZ". Stuff.co.nz. 8 September 2008. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- Ryan, Sophie (9 December 2015). "Here's what New Zealand's internet looks like". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 12 December 2015.