Telecommunications in Sri Lanka

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Telephone[edit]

Landlines in use: 2,601,196 (December, 2015)

Mobile Phones in use: 24,384,544 (December, 2015)

  • Teledensity (Fixed Phones per 100 inhabitants) : 12.4 (December, 2015)
  • Mobile Subscription per 100 people : 116.7 (December, 2015)

Telephone Network[edit]

Excellent domestic service in urban and semi urban areas. Inadequate service in rural and remote areas (2010), good international service (2010). The latest trend is the Fixed 4G LTE technology, because of this technology many Sri Lankans who live in rural and remote areas can now access a good telephone and broadband internet service.

Domestic[edit]

The national trunk network consists mostly of digital microwave radio relay and fiber-optic links are now in use in the Colombo City and all major cities and towns

International[edit]

Two submarine cables to India and the Maldives, One Satellite earth stations - Intelsat (Indian Ocean) (2009)

Broadband Internet access[edit]

Fixed Broadband Service Providers[edit]

Operator Technology
Dialog Broadband Networks WiMAX, LTE TDD, Wi-Fi
Lanka Bell WiMAX, LTE TDD
Sri Lanka Telecom ADSL2+, VDSL2, LTE TDD, FTTH, Wi-Fi

Mobile Broadband Service Providers[edit]

Operator Technology
Dialog GPRS, EDGE, UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+, LTE FDD, LTE-A, VoLTE, LTE-Advanced Pro (trial)
Mobitel GPRS, EDGE, UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+, LTE FDD, LTE-A, LTE-Advanced Pro (trial)
Etisalat GPRS, EDGE, UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
Hutch GPRS, EDGE, UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
Airtel GPRS, EDGE, UMTS, HSPA

Other Communication[edit]

Postal Service: Sri Lanka Post

Radio broadcast stations: AM 15, FM 50, shortwave 5

Television broadcast stations: 19 (2009)

Satellite Earth Stations located: Padukka and Colombo

Internet Service Providers: 9

Country code / Top-level domain: +94/LK

Telecommunications Regulatory Environment in Sri Lanka[edit]

LIRNEasia's Telecommunications Regulatory Environment (TRE) index, which summarizes stakeholders’ perception on certain TRE dimensions, provides insight into how conducive the environment is for further development and progress. The most recent survey was conducted in July 2008 in eight Asian countries, including Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Pakistan, Thailand, and the Philippines. The tool measured seven dimensions: i) market entry; ii) access to scarce resources; iii) interconnection; iv) tariff regulation; v) anti-competitive practices; and vi) universal services; vii) quality of service, for the fixed, mobile and broadband sectors.

In Sri Lanka, the mobile sector receives higher scores than the fixed sector for all dimensions excepting interconnection. The broadband sector lags behind both the fixed and mobile sectors in all but one of the parameters (regulation of anti-competitive practices). What also emerges in the results illustrated above is that all the sectors – other than mobile sector USOs – fall below the 5.00 average performance level.

References[edit]

See also[edit]