Communist Mazdoor Kissan Party
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The Communist Mazdoor Kissan Party (Urdu: کمیونسٹ مزدور کسان پارٹی) (Communist Workers and Peasants Party) is a minor political party in Pakistan formed in 1995 by the unification of the Communist Party of Pakistan (CPP) and the Major Ishaque faction of the Mazdoor Kisan Party (MKP).
The break-up of the Soviet Union had an enormous impact on the left in Pakistan, as elsewhere in the world. A great number of factions abandoned Marxism and the Communist movement. At this difficult juncture in history the CPP and Major Ishaque's MKP group (one of three factions resulting from a split in the MKP in 1978) came together to engage in criticism and self-criticism and form the Communist Mazdoor Kissan Party in 1995.
In 1999 much of the former Communist Party of Pakistan broke away and reconstituted itself as a separate party.
In 2003, after further organizational problems and ideological disagreements, a large section of the Communist Mazdoor Kissan Party separated and reformed the Major Ishaque MKP group, whereas a group led by Sufi Abdul Khaliq Baloch and Taimur Rahman remained aligned with CMKP and its Marxist–Leninist program.
In late 2009, CMKP faced yet another split when several long-time members, including Sufi Abdul Khaliq Baloch, separated from the party and joined the Workers Party of Pakistan, a broad-left political party. CMKP continues as a distinct Marxist–Leninist Party.
The Communist Mazdoor Kissan Party's prominent area of influence is the working class district of Thokar Niaz Beg in the city of Lahore where its head office is located. CMKP is led by its General Secretary Taimur Rahman of Laal fame and operates several fronts, most prominently Laal Theater and Laal Films.